A KAWI LEXICON

by
Soewojo Wojowasito

edited by
Roger F. Mills

MICHIGAN PAPERS ON SOUTH AND SOUTHEAST ASIA
Center for South and Southeast Asian Studies
The University of Michigan
No. 17, 1979

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A KAWI LEXICON

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[...]

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THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
CENTER FOR SOUTH AND SOUTHEAST ASIAN STUDIES
MICHIGAN PAPERS ON SOUTH AND SOUTHEAST ASIA

Editorial Board:
Alton L. Becker
John K. Musgrave
George B. Simmons
Thomas R. Trautmann, Chm.

Ann Arbor, Michigan

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[...]

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A KAWI LEXICON

by
Soewojo Wojowasito
edited by
Roger F. Mills

Ann Arbor
The university of Michigan
Center for South and Southeast Asian Studies
1980

Michigan Papers on South and Southeast Asia
Number 17

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Library of Congress Catalog Card Number: 78-57221
International Standard Book Number: 0-89148-017-X
Copyright
1980
by
Center for South and Southeast Asian Studies
The university of Michigan
Printed in the United States of America

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Preface

In giving lectures on Kawi or Old Javanese to English-speaking students, I have encountered the difficulty that they are very dependent upon my explanation of the words in Old Javanese texts before they are able to discover for themselves the meaning of whole phrases or sentences. Outside the lecture hours the only thing they often could do was transcribe the Kawi script into Latin letters, or repeat what had been discussed, for they had no dictionary.

Thanks to the fraternal help of Dr. A.L. Becker, supporter of this work, who has patiently corrected the English translation together with Ms. Mary Zurbuchen and Mr. Stanley B. Hoffman, both students in Old Javanese, I succeeded during my lectureship at the University of Michigan in finishing this Kawi-English wordlist, based on my Kamus Kawi (Jawa Kuno) – Indonesia, and compiled partly from the material I got from Dr Soewito Santosa, now lecturer at the Australian National University, Canberra. It contains about 13,000 entries, of which more than half-approximately 7,542 – originate from Sanskrit. The influence of Sanskrit, however, is limited to the enrichment of the vocabulary. It had bever any apparent impact on the Kawi grammatical system.

I am aware that all the material I have used is far from being perfect and sufficient. The study and the use of more Kawi texts would be necessary in order to revise it: new entries can be added, better and more specific or detailed explanations can be given where a lack or an obscurity is felt. In any event, this book will be of some help to those who want to analyze Old Javanese texts independently.

In order to facilitate the user in finding the basic root words used as entries, the following alphabetic succession of vowels and consonants is given, as well as the sandhi-rules:

--- viii ---

a) vowels:

aěö (= eu)iueaio

b) consonants:

kkhgghng
cchjjhñ
ṭhḍh
tthddhn
pphbbhm
yrlw
śsh

c) sandhi-rules:

1.a + a = āi + i = īu + u = ū
a + ā = āi + ī = īu + ū = ū
ā + ā = āī + ī = īū + ū = ū
2. ě disappears without changing the preceding vowel:
a + ě = au + ě = uö + ě = ö
i + ě = io + ě = o
3.a + u = oa + i = e
4. u and i followed by vowels other than ě become respectively w and y.
5. ö and o followed by vowels other than ě become w.

Another difficulty that might arise in tracing back the basic words are the homonymous derivatives, for example:

angawit may be derived from the root 1. awit, 2. kawit.
amurug(akěn) may be derived from the root 1. purug, 2. wurug.
anapih(i) may be derived from the root 1. sapih, 2. tapih.
anambe (anambay) may be derived from the root 1. sambe (sambay), 2. tambe (tambay).

--- ix ---

anawwang may be derived from the root 1. sawwang, 2. tawwang.

All these homonyms, whose ultimate meaning is determined by their context, are caused by the fact that the use of the prefix (m)a + the nasalization or pre-nasalization of the initial vowel or consonant of the basic words has resulted in the same form of the first syllable of the derivatives, i. e., ang-, am-, an-. These changes from the different initial consonants of the basic words into the same first syllable of the derivatives are limited and can be stated as follows:

a)the initials p, b and w change into m, so that words like
1.manggěng, māpag, mayu, mara are derived from panggěng, pāpag, payu, para.
2.Marabas, miani, mamual, mamulus are derived from barabas, bia, bual, bulus.
3.(a)mangun, (a)mangkěl, (a)mangsula, mungkus are derived from wangun, wangkěl, wangsul, wungkus.
b)the initials s and t may change into n, so that words like
1.manaṇḍung, manaḍe, anaput, anambut are derived from sandung, sade, saput, sambut.
2.aninggilis, aningting, anitir, anitisi are derived from tinggilis, tingting, titir, titis.

Other morphological and grammatical details of Kawi can be found in the grammar of Kawi, one of the companion volumes (still in preparation) to this wordlist. Other volumes in the series will include an anthology of Kawi literature (already published) and a history of Kawi language and literature (still in preparation). Taken together, these volumes will provide the necessary tools for the independent study of one of the world's great literary traditions.

S. Wojowasito
Ann Arbor, June 1, 1974

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[...]

--- xi ---

CORRIGENDA AND ADDENDA

Page
12aḍam should follow aḍang
16atiśaya should follow atiśanta
atiśomānasa should follow atiśobhita
18 s.v.ada add: tempo; pace; period; paragraph; also appears as hada
24anilātmaja should follow anilagāmī
29andalana should follow antra
47following argghapātra insert: argghya: (S) water for cleaning the feet of a guest, to welcome him
51following aliling insert: aliwat: passed; past; aliwatan passed; past; mangaliwati to pass; via; aliwatakna to be taken across
58aśattha and aśatthama should appear on p. 57 following aśangka
62asīh should appear on p. 61 following asih
astamaya should follow astām
63asthāwara should follow āsthāpanasewana
68following ikahěn, insert these four entries: iki(ng): this
ikihěn: this
ikět: mikět, mekět, umikět tu tie together, to tie up, to bind together; to make verse, to write poetry; to describe; angikět to compose, to compile; to bind together, to tie up; to lengthen, to attach, to continue; to compose, to write; umikěta to want to write, to want to make verse; kekět captured, caught; kekětan

--- xii ---

the making of verse; pangikět band, bundle, bunch; bait, food, victim; inikětakěn bound together, tied up; ikětan ought to be bound together
ikěl: ekěl, mekět curl, curled (up); crisped
74indrotsawa should follow indriya
75iman should follow imatha
83ujjiti should follow ujung
85uttamangśa should follow uttamagaa
89following upādyāya insert: upanaya: (S) introductions; making (a person's) acquaintance
90upanyāsa should follow upaniṣad
uparadha should follow upāya
95urūka should follow uruk
99usör should follow usěn
102ekābdhi should follow ekaphala
119kahalā should appear on p. 124 following kasturi
123kakawin should appear on p. 104 following kakar
following kawuntěn insert: kawula: slave; servant
kawya should follow kaweni
135following kukarmma insert: kuku: fingernail, toenail; manguku to scratch
138kuṇaparwiwata should follow kuṇapabhakṣana
146kusumaśapa should follow kusumawicitra
149kṛṣṇambara should follow kṛṣṇamṛga

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153krodhabahni should follow krodha
158 gaṭa should appear on p. 157 following gañjuh ; also add to the entry: see ghaṭa
160gandhatkaṭa should follow gandhakusuma
162garami should follow garabag
s.v. garbbha after "fruit" the entry should continue: kagarbbha controlled; governed; bridled, ruled; implied, concealed in, hidden in
163garamus should appear on p. 162 following garami
164gaway should follow gawang
168gělö should follow gělěh
172guñjing should follow guñjat
176gulgula should follow gulum
181ghanāma should follow ghanātyaya
185cacah should follow cacala
190caraka should follow cāra
194cungöng should follow cukil
196curaṇṇa should appear on p. 195 following cumbana
198jagatlit should precede jagadguru
243těkěs should follow těkěm
241 s.v.tigamata after Śiwa the entry should continue: another name for Indra; see trinetra
252tulayah should follow tulāyā
254tuṣara should follow tuṣapatana
255tekakěn should follow teka

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257trasungay should follow trāsa
266darśajitṛ should appear on p. 265 following darwak
286following dhana insert: dhanakṣaya: (S) compensation (money)
293nānāwarṇṇa should follow nānāprakāra
294nayopadeya should follow nayènggita
304niśāprahara should follow niśācara
308following nekaprakāra insert: nekawarṇṇa: (S naikawarṇṇa) many-colored, particolored
313following pañcagia insert: pañcagua : (S) fivefold; amañcagua five times
322following pāpasanghāra insert: pāpahara: (S) annihilation of evil
329following paripoṣita insert: paribanda: (S) punishment; fine
330following paru insert: paruk: amaruk to do work for money
331following paryyaya the correct order should be: parwa, parwan (insert from p. 332), parwwa
332parwan should appear on p. 331 following parwa
345following pisuh insert: pih: right; really; indeed; see pi
350following puyěng insert: puyut: great-grandchild; great-grandparent
365pramadani should follow pramāda

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380following bāyumitra insert: bāyuwega (S wāyuwega) as quick as the wind
407makarabyūha should follow makarānana
412following madhyakrośa insert: madhyapada: (S) earth
427following měmabang insert: měměk: packed, close together
437following yateka insert: yatekakěn: now he/she is the one who...
495wācā should follow waca
505waś-atkāra should follow waśatā
535following wwalu insert: wwawwa: a monkey
598sūryyadṛśa should follow suryyatanaya
following sūryyarūpa insert: sūryyawangśsa: (S) descendant/offspring of the sun
609swatpatti should appear on p. 607 following swatantra
624following hīs insert: hisěp: manghisěp to suck

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[...]

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A

a
1. active verbal prefik; gawe > agawe to do, to make; see ma. 2. irrealis suffix expressing in order to, will, to be supposed to, to want to, to hope, etc. 3. prefix: not, without
ai
Ha! Stop! I say! Hey!
aum
(S) introductory word to a sacred formula considered to have magic power; aum awighnam astu God bless us with no hindrance
ak
abbreviation of the first person pronoun: that I, when I, because I, I want to; ak kadi malupa as if I would forget it; ak pare when I may come; ak hana when I might be (there)
akampya
(S) motionless; srong; solid; permanent; unchangeable
akar
root
akāra
the letter a
ākāra
(S) 1. form; manifestation; appearance; figure. 2. probable, probability; duration, distance; after a period; to spend the time; tan kākāran continuously, incessantly; sākāra the whole duration, the whole distance
ākarṇṇpurṇṇa
(S) stretched out to the ears
ākarṣaṇa
(S) attraction; attractive power; kākarṣaṇa attracted, charmed, fascinated; tempted; pangākarṣaṇa attractive power, charming power
akalpa
(S) ornament; decoration
ākāśa
(S) space, firmament, sky
ākāśagāmī
(S) via space/the sky; to fly; bird
ākāśacāra
(S) bird
ākāśatulya
(S) like space/the sky/the firmament
ākāśawākya
(S) a voice from space/the sky/heaven

--- 2 ---

ākāśaśabda
(S) a voice from the sky/space/heaven
akěn
1. as if; like; see angkěn. 2. suffix to make transitive, causative verbs
akěp
mangakěp to bark.
akin
umakin the more the ...; to increase; see makin, angkin
akiñcanya
(S) poverty
akila
(S akhila) full, sound, intact, original, pure, holy
aku
I (first person familiar pronoun); angaku to confess; to profess; to plead guilty; mangakwa in order to confess/to plead guilty; umaku to bear, to endure, to suffer; to account for; umakwakěn assumed that he was supposed to...; inaku confessed; kāku confessed; pěngaku confession; akua it would become my property
akup
ngakup to bark; see akěp
akūpa
(S) name of the turtle used as the underlayer of Mount Mandara to churn the ocean of milk
akus
elephant-goad; angakus to stab with an elephant-goad; kākus stabbed with an elephant-goad
akusāra
to believe in; to trust upon; mākusāra believe!: pangakusāra belief
akṛta
(S) unfinished; imperfect; incomplete
akṛtakṛtya
(S) not to carry out one's due task; not to fulfil one's duty
akṛti
(S) form; appearance; shape
akol
thick; fat; haevy; strong
ākyā
(S ākhyā) name; called; having the name
ākyāti
(S ākhyāti) famous, well known
ākyāna
(S ākhyāna) story, fairy-tale; information

--- 3 ---

ākyānakī
(S ākhyānakī) name of a rhythm/song
akhroda
(S) not angry
akṣata
(S) loose unhulled rice-grain
akṣamā
(S kṣamā) patience; apology; forgiveness
akṣara
(S) letter; script; syllable
akṣi
(S) eye; kākṣi seen, visible, noticeable
akṣepa
(S) disdainer, offender
akṣobhyatatwa
(S) the existence of Akṣobhya
akṣobhyapratima
(S) statue/image of Akṣobhya
akṣobhyawimba
(S) statue/image of Akṣobhya
akṣohini
(S akṣauhini) troop, division of army; 100 million, 1,000 million
ag
see ak
aga
(S) mountain
agag
mangagagi to get up, to stand up; inagag taken up, lifted; awakened; put up repeatedly
agati
(S) there is no way (out); impossible; flurried; embarrassed; immovable
aganilaya
(S) bird
āgama
(S) science; law; religion; code of law
āgamajña
(S) theologian
āgamaśastra
(S) catechism
agami
(S) obstinate, headstrong, stubborn, persistent
āgamokta
(S) anything described and discussed in the catechism
agamya
(S) not to be passed; not to be overcome
āgāra
(S) yard, home

--- 4 ---

agaru
(S) aloe-wood; sandalwood
agal
(S) strong; couregeous; large, great
agah
inagah-agah made to blaze up; encouraged
agěm
angagěm, mangagěm to hold fast; to grasp; inagěmakěn held fast; unintentionally grasped; pyagěm decree; charter
agěr
gelatine; edible seaweed
agil
ugal-agil shaky, unstable;to swing, to rock
agul
agul-agul mighty; courageous; conceited, swollen with pride
agus
angagus-agus to neigh
agni
(S) fire; god of fire
agniyaya
(S) defeating fire
agnidarana
(S) fire to burn a corpse
agnidah
(S) burner, the man who burns
agnibrata
(S) a kind of asceticism by torturing oneself
agnisthāpanamantra
(S) a kind of sacred formula to worship the god of fire
agnisamskara
(S) ceremony for worshipping he god of fire
agnihotra
(S) worship of Agni (god of fire)
agneya
(S) southeast
agneyagṛha
(S) inflammable house
agneyāstra
(S) arrow, the gift of the god Agni
āgneyastha
(S) in the southeast; at a place in the southeast
agya
quick, fast

--- 5 ---

agra
(S) top; front part; front; edge; leader; mangagra to go up, ascend until the top; pinakāgra being made the front part, as the front part
agraja
(S) elder brother, elder sister; first-born
agranāsikā
(S) to look at the extreme point of the nose
agraśekhara
(S) commander
agraha
(S) not to be entered
agrāhya
(S) not to be discovered; invisible
aghramukha
(S) kind face; the one with the kind face; the name of Samiti's pupil
aghṛni
(S) cruel, to have no pity
ang
definite article; see ng
angak
to cackle, to crow
angang
to open; open
angan
light (not heavy); see hangan
angap
yawning; open; mangap yawning; open
angar
angar-angar fresh; glistening, glittering
angas
to ignore, to deny; angangas to ignore, to deny; mangas to ignore, to deny
angěn
angěn-angěn thought; remembrance; memory; mangěn-mangěn to think, remember; angěn-angěněn think of it; kāngěn it reminds of, to long for
angö
to come round; to sober up; to come to one's senses; mangö to muse; to rhyme
angit
toplait; inangit plaited; angit-angitan plait, braid
angin
1. wind; angin-angin strong wind; kanginan blown/hit by the wind; angina like wind; see hangin. 2. angin-angin a class/group of pepole;

--- 6 ---

caste; pangin-angin a class/group of people; caste
angir
mangir enthusiastic, ardent; active, energetic
angu
mangu to doubt, to hesitate; absent-minded, perplexed
angun
angun-angun hasty, hurried; hastily, hurriedly
anguy
manguy-manguy to fly high; to rise
angob
astonished; suprised
angkak
mangkak to get up, to stand up; to stretch, to increase
angkat
departure, to depart; mangkat to go away, to depart; angkatakěn to be let go away; to be let take away; kāngkat lifted up, raised; tāngkat go away! leave! start!
angkan
see angkěn
angkas
nervous; hasty; not calm; impatient; angkas-angkas hasty, hurried; mangkas-angkas angry
angkěn
1. every (one); each; respectively. 2. like, as; the same as; may be compared with; may be regarded as; mangkěn to demand, to claim; kāngkěn comparable to; angkěna (might be) the same as; comparable to
angkěp
mangkěp immovable; still; umangkěp immovable, still
angkin
so much the more...; the more..., the more...
angkup
a musical instrument
angkura
(S) growing young twig; young twig; inheritance, legacy; tan pāngkura extreme (ly), exceeding(ly)
angkul
mangangkul-angkul to get up repeatedly (again and again)
angkuśa
(S kusa) elephant-goad

--- 7 ---

angkus
elephant-goad; angangkus to stab with an elephant-goad; inangkusan stabbed with an elephant-goad
anggā
1. will, to want to; tan anggā will not, not to want to; manggā will, to want to, to be inclined to. 2. (S) body; trunk; makāngga to have the body of; pinakāngga to be made center; to be the center (of)
anggakāra
(S) courageus, brave; audacious
anggang
anggang-anggang to move to and fro; to float; manggang-manggang to move to and fro; to swing, to shake, to rock
anggada
(S) 1. bracelet. 2. name of the commander of the monkey-army in the Rama legend
angganā
(S) woman, female
anggap
manganggap-anggap breathless, out of breath
anggay
nanggay dressed
anggayasti
(S) slender body
anggara
(S) Tuesday
anggarakṣa
(S) guard; pinakānggarakṣa appointed guard; to become guard
anggal
anganggal-anggal to slumber, to take a nap, to doze
anggas
1. great-grandchild. 2. anganggas to challenge, to defy
anggěk
kānggěk to stop; nailed down; bewitched; stabbed; frightened; stopped, hampered
anggěg
place; position
anggěh
relationship; link; connection; good, useful; solid, permanent; angānggěh to have relationship with, to be related to; mānggěh sure, certain; right, correct; quiet; safe; continuous; safeguarded; makānggěh to hold fast to; kānggěhi to be regarded as, to be considered as

--- 8 ---

anggong
common, usual; continuous; to keep doing
anggut
anggut-anggut to nod; to doze; to take a nap; to slumber
anggur
continuously, incessantly; anganggur to be idle; to have nothing to do, to have no occupation; to be unemployed
anggul
mangganggul to avert, to parry, to ward off; to beat off; to push; kānggul pushed off; warded off; averted
anggulī
(S) finger
anggulīyaka
(S) ring
anggulyagra
(S) fingertip
angguṣṭa
(S) thumb; sāngguṣṭa as large as a thumb; with the size of a thumb
angguh
to permit; to allow; mangguha will permit; will allow
anggo
mangganggo to put on, to wear, to use; inganggo used; to be put on; anggwananta put on! wear! use!
anggop
anggopa will take a rest; will pausa
angras
sad, sorrowful, tragic; affected, moved, touched
angluh
anxious, worried, uneasy; frightened; to doubt, to hesitate; uncertain; tat angluh permanent; continuously, incessantly; always; to decrease never; mangluh afraid, fearful; anxious; inangluh alarmed, frightened
angśa
(S) part, portion, section, share; (re)incarnation, embodiment; estate, inheritance, heritage; subjected country; angśa-pratyangśa shoulder to shoulder; descent, descendant; angśana to be a dependency
angśāwatārā
(S) the embodiment of God as a human being

--- 9 ---

angsar
angangsar to turn round; to go round; to shift
angsal
not to be, not to exist; less; not present
angsěng
mangsěng to go on/forward; to proceed; to advance; close together, packed
angsö
to advance, proceed; to near, approach; mangsö to proceed, advance; to begin to work, start working; umangsö to proceed, advance; to come into action; inangsö approached; sangswa when he is going forward/on, when he is coming
angsing
inangsing stopped, hindered, cheked
angsū
inangsū bailed (from); pangangson bailing-place; water-reservation
anghing
but; except; only
ācāmana
(S) to rinse, to wash; to drink; to wash one's face; ācāmanāya to bathe
ācāmaniya
(S) water for washing one's face; water for rinsing one's mouth
acar
angacar-acar to play; to enjoy
ācāra
(S) behavior, good manners, doings
ācārī
(S) (wet-)nurse; foster-mother; female servant
ācāryya
(S) teacher; priest; clergyman
acala
(S) mountain; immovable, motionless, immobile
acalā
(S) earth, world
acalapati
(S) name of Śiwa
acintya
(S) indescribable, beyond description; exceeding, extraordinary; sang hyang acintya God
acintyagamya
(S) illogical; not plausible; impossible, unthinkable
acintyapada
(S) indescribable world

--- 10 ---

acintyarūpa
(S) unthinkable/impossible form or stature
acintyaśakti
(S) exceedingly, magically powerful; extraordinarily magically talented
acintyaśūnyatā
(S) exceedingly silent/deserted
acirabhā
(S) thunderclap
acung
acung-acung name of a plant
acetana
(S) forgedful; forgetful person
acokṣa
(S) inedible, uneatable; unclean (ritually); forbidden (by the religion)
acor
to disdain, to hummiliate; to allude, to make allusions; to consider insignificant
acchabhalla
(S) bear (animal)
acchedya
(S) strong; unbreakable
acchedyābhedya
(S) strong; solid; unbreakable and inseparable
acyuta
(S) name of Wiṣṇu
acyutasamīpa
(S) beside the eternal God
aja
prevent! avoid!; not to hope for
ajā
(S) goat; sheep
ajak
angajak to invite; to beg
ajang
ajang-ajangan exited, enthusiastic, animated, cheerful
ajāta
(S) unborn; not to appear
ajātakāmarasa
(S) to have never made love to each other; to have never caressed one another
ajanya
(S) disaster, calamity
ajap
angajap to dream aloud, to rave, to be delirious; mangajap to be drunk; to yearn;

--- 11 ---

mangajap-ajap to be infatuated with; inajap yearned for, desired
ajar
information; teaching; lesson, ājar to inform; to teach; ajar-ajar teacher; hermit; mājar-ajar to tell, to inform; pājarěn teach! tell! inform!
ajěng
princess; inclined to; to want to; angajěnganā will receive; umajěng to receive; to get
aji
1. scientific book; science; knowledge; sacred book; wisdon; sacred formula; prayer, lesson; angaji to utterna sacred formula; mangaji to study; pangajyan lesson; value; norm. 2. ingajen appreciated; ecteemed; valued
ajina
(S) leather; skin
ajinapatra
(S) female bat
ajir
mangajir to limit; to restrict
ajihmaga
(S) arrow
ajum
angajum to regulate, to order, to put in order; to finish, to settle
aje
halě aje green fly
ajer
liquid
ājñā
(S) command; order; instruction; sājñā... yes; your will be done (Your Majesty); angājñā to command, to order; to govern, to rule; inājñān governed; commanded; inājñākěn inauguratet, installed
ajñātacaryya
(S) a person with an unknown character
ajñātawāsa
(S) person with an unknown dwelling-place
ajñātawāsambatsara
(S) year of darkness; dark year
ajñāna
(S) ignorance
ājñāna
(S) consciousness, full knowledge; revival, rising
ajñānapatala
(S) hole of ignorance

--- 12 ---

ājñālangghana
(S) rebellion, mutiny, revolt, insubordination; trespass, delict, violation
ājyahuti
(S) sacrifice (and prayer)
añjana
(S) ink; eyebrow-black
añjali
(S) homage, tribute (with hands folded before forehead); angañjali to do homage with hands folded before forehead; to honor, to worship; pangañjali homage, tribute
añjur
mapangañjur to have a forerunner, to have an advanced guard; inañjurakěn regretted, repanted
aṭik
aṭik-aṭikan intimate, closely connected
aṭṭahāsa
(S) to roar with laughter; a burst of laughter
aḍā
interjection of disgust and disapproval: shame
aḍang
disposed, ready, prepared; see haḍang; angḍang disposed, ready, prepared; umaḍang ready, prepared; to oppose; inaḍang to be blocked in one's way, to be ambushed; to be delayed; kaḍang accidentally, casually
aḍas
many, much
aḍah
bad, evil, wicked, criminal
aḍeng
patient, quiet
aḍam
fresh; quiet, calm, sheltered, cool
aṇiman
(S) thin; fine
aṇum
(S) atom
aṇḍa
(S) egg; earth, world
aṇḍakuṇḍakya
(S) called the world, name the world
aṇḍaja
(S) (anything) coming out of the egg
aṇḍapada
(S) world; nature
aṇḍabhuwaba
(S) world

--- 13 ---

aṇḍah
to descend, to go down
aṇḍěk
short; descending; to sink, to go down, to slide down, to fall, to descend; maṇḍěk close by, near by; kāṇḍěk to sink, to go down, to slide down, to descend
aṇḍěg
to stop, to pause, to rest; angaṇḍěg pregnant
aṇḍěm
to throw; see haṇḍěm; amaṇḍěm to throw; umaṇḍěm to be on the pounce; to stay at one's place
aṇḍěh
spread remainder; angaṇḍěh to oppress, to suppress, to push; maṇḍěh to go down; inaṇḍěhan to be pushed, to be oppressed
at
second person pronoun: that you; see t
ata
subjective particle: only, merely; and; so; see atah
atak
a kind of peanut; measure; satak one atak
atag
call, appeal; summon; angatag to appeal, to call; inatag to be called, to be commanded
atat
green parrot
ātatāyī
(S) wicked man; scoundrel; criminal; miscreant
atanu
(S) love; god of love; without body, bodiless
ātapatra
(S) umbrella
atah
1. only; merely. 2. atah-atahan aimless
atěr
angatěrakěn to bring, to accompany, to lead; inatěr to be accompanied; atěrěn accompany! bring!
atön
to feel; to be(sad, distressed, etc.); weak; to take notice, to pay attention; katön yearned, desired, wanted
ati
1. (S) very; exceedingly, extremely. 2. to desire, to hope; to think, to conjecture; ati-ati to hope. 3. mati will, to want to;

--- 14 ---

kati treated heartily, fondly
atika
namely; i.e.; at that time; when
atikang
(atika + ng) the
atikātara
(S) very afraid; very fearful
atikānta
(S) in favor, in demand; to be greatly loved
atikaśmala
(S) very dirty
atikaṣṭa
(S) very, exceedingly, extremely
atiki
i.e.; namely, that is; at this time; at this moment; now, nowadays
atigadgada
(S) very, exceedingly, extremely
atigambhīra
(S) very deep
atīta
(S) (it has) passed; exceedingly, extremely
atidambha
(S) very seductive
atidarppa
(S) very proud; very animated, very cheerful; very active, very ardent
atidina
(S) very mean, very low; very sad
atidibya
(S) very respectable; very supernaturally talented
atidurgga
(S) very difficult to be reached
atidurjaya
(S) very difficult to be defeated
atidurbbala
(S) very confused/turbulent/disorderly; exhausted; entirely powerless
atiduṣkara
(S) very difficult to be carried out/to be worked at
atiduṣṭa
(S) very bad/evil/wicked
atiduḥita
(S) very sad/sorrowful/distressed
atidhīra
(S) very brave/courageous; very resolute/determined/firm

--- 15 ---

atidhūrtta
(S) very slippery; very cunning/sly
atinīca
(S) very low/mean/humiliating
atinirmmala
(S) very holy/sacred/immaculate
atiniścaya
(S) quite sure; quite convinced
atīndriya
(S) exceeding(ly), extraordinary, extraordinarily
atipūtā
(S) very holy/sacred/immaculate
atipraṇata
(S) very respectful/reverent/devout
atiprasangga
(S) to be strongly propelled to
atibrata
(S) very pious; very holy/sacred
atibhakti
(S) very doveted; very submissive
atibhāgya
(S) very happy
atibhāra
(S) very heavy
atibhīṣaṇa
(S) very awful/horrible
atimahāghora
(S) very hard
atimūḍha
(S) very silly/stupid
atimūcca
(S) deeply unconscious
atimohata
(S) very proud; very conceited; very arrogant
atimohita
(S) very drunk
atiyatna
(S) very careful/cautious; very scrupulous/painstaking
atirabhasa
(S) violent, intense, fierce
atirabhasan
will be attacked violently
atirūkṣa
(S) very defective; much ruined/destroyed
atirodra
(S) very terrifying

--- 16 ---

atilajja
(S) very ashamed; very shy
atiluṇṭa
(S) very uneasy/worried/anxious
atiwāhya
(S) very, quite
atiwijña
(S) very clever/capable/smart
atiwiśāla
(S) very broad/wide
atiwismaya
(S) deeply astonished/amazed
atiwṛddhi
(S) blooming/flowering luxuriantly
atiśakta
(S) very powerful; very fond of
atiśakti
(S) very talented supernaturally
atiśaya
(S) very; exceedingly; extraordinarily; kātiśayan wonder, miracle; super natural power
atiśanta
(S) very patient; very quiet/calm
atiśayita
(S) overmastered; overpowered; defeated
atiśighra
(S) very quick/fast
atiśūra
(S) very brave/courageous; very powerful
atiśoka
(S) very sad/sorrowful/distressed
atiśomānasa
(S) very sad/sorrowful/distressed
atiśobha
(S) very splendid/beautiful/charming/fine/magnificent
atiśobhita
(S) very beautiful
atisatya
(S) very faithful/loyal; very honest/reliable/upright
atisādara
(S) very respectful; very kind
arisādhu
(S) very wise
atisaphala
(S) very fertile; very successful
atisambhrama
(S) very kind

--- 17 ---

atisāra
(S) very strong
atisaharṣa
(S) to like much, be very fond of
atisukṣma
(S) very fine; very slippery/slithery
atisundara
(S) very beautiful
atisomya
(S) very kind; very attractive/charming
atiharṣa
(S) very pleasant/glad/contented
atur
see hatur
atus
hundred; inatus (- atus) hundreds of; inatus iwu hundred thousand; hundred thousands of; pasatus one hundredth; sātus one hundred
ateka
namely, i.e., that is; at that time; then
ateki
namely, i.e., that is; in these times, nowadays; in this case; regarding this; as for this
ator
to serve (drink)
atol
to eat
atpada
to make a reverent bow, to make a curtsey; to humble oneself
ātma
(S) soul; mind; thought
ātmaka
(S) in fact, in essence, properly speaking; to consist of
ātmaja
(S) child
ātmapraśangśa
(S) to brag, to boast
ātmabhū
(S) to be present/to exist of oneself; to be present automatically
ātmamātra
(S) merely the soul, only the soul
ātmarakṣa
(S) self-defense; self-preservation; self-protection; makātmarakṣa to have a body-guard; pinakātmarakṣa to be made body-guard

--- 18 ---

ātmasūnu
(S) own child
ātmya
(S) truth, reality, essence
atyadbhuta
(S) very beautiful/picturesque; very surprising
atyanta
(S) very; exceedingly, extraordinarily; how...!
atyantabhāra
(S) very heavy; very large; huge
atyasambhawa
(S) quite impossible; not to be suitable at all; very unharmonious
atyugra
(S) anormous, tremendous, huge, violent; very high
atyucca
(S) very high
atyujjwala
(S) to twinkle, to flicker; flickering
atha
(S) then, and then, and; therefore; after that
athaca
(S) then; after that; moreover
athawā
(S) or; moreover; besides
atharwaweda
(S) atharva-veda
ad
second person pronoun; see at
ada
punctuation mark; stop; prop
adak
inadak-adak trampled down, crushed under the foot; pushed aside
ādara
reverence, homage; respect, loyalty; sādara respectfully, with respect
ādarśa
(S) mirror
adal
adal-adal a plant (Croton tiglium)
aděg
attiude; to stand; form, figure, shape; inauguration; government; upbuilding; number, total; angaděg to stand; to act as, to officiate as; to stop; maděg to govern, to reigen; pangaděg government; height; pangaděgan position; class,

--- 19 ---

rank, dignity; place
aděh
angaděh to push aside; to drive away; mangaděh to push aside; to drive away; kāděhan attacked; pushed aside
ādi
(S) begining; first; especially; first class; best; most exellent; mangādi to begin with; makādi especially; pangādi president, head; religious teacher; pinakādi to be appointed leader
adi
adyana will be decorated/illustrated; angadyani to accept, to welcome; to choose; pangadyan receipt, reception; agreement; adyan-adyan receipt, reception; agreement
āditya
(S) sun; the god Surya; son of goddess Aditi dwādaśāditya the twelve sons of goddess Aditi
ādityakundala
(S) lightning-circle around the sun; ear-drop or earring with the form of a circle which is very brilliant
ādidewa
(S) the highest god; pinakādidewa regarded as the highest god
ādidewatā
(S) the highest amongst the gods
ādiśūra
(S) magnificent hero; excellent hero
ādisajjana
(S) pious people in former times
ādiṣṛṣti
(S) first creation
adu
adun must be attempted for; angadu to fight against, to let fight against; inadu to be confronted with one another to fight
adṛśya
(S) invisible; inadṛśya concealed, hidden, kept secret
adṛṣta
(S) unseen, unknown, invisible
ade
to differ; wrong; see hade
ādeśa
(S) news; command; information; inādeśa to get information; instructed; taught

--- 20 ---

adbhuta
(S) odd, queer; astonishing; violent; terrifying; mangadbhutākěn to astonish; inadbhuta terrified; feared; kādbhuta astonished, terrified
adyāpi
(S) even up to the present time; see adyapin
adyapin
even up to; even until
adyūta
(S) to twinkle, to flicker; inadyūta irradiated; kādyūta to get light, irradiated, lighted (up); padyut lamp, torch.
adri
(S) mountain
adrindratanaya
(S) descendant of the mountain king; descended from Śiwa
adwaya
(S) only one; unequalled
adwayajñāna
(S) theology; science/belief in one god
adwayātmaka
(S) unification with god; to be one with god
adwayaśastra
(S) science/book about the only god; theology
adwitīya
(S) unequalled; unparalleled
adhama
(S) low; mean; humble
adharmma
(S) crime; injustice
adharmmayuddha
(S) to fight in a dishonest/unfair way
adharmmarakṣaka
(S) protector of crime, criminal
adhastha
(S) to stand below; to be below
adhah
(S) under; below; low
adhaḥkriyā
(S) low class; poor class
adhaḥjanma
(S) men/people of low class; born of low class
adhi
(S) above; high; first; inadhi to be appointed the first teacher; to be appointed superior

--- 21 ---

adhika
(S) larger, bigger, greater, stronger; better; more; higher; (the) best (one); most exellent
adhikabhayangkārī
(S) very fear-inspiring/frightful/terrifying
adhikāra
(S) top authority; head; (the) highest
adhikarmmika
(S) to look up
adhigama
(S) receipt, reception; knowledge; lesson
adhigamya
(S) can be acquired; can be known; must be studied
adhiguna
(S) to have a good character; noble traits of character; very meritorious
adhidewa
(S) highest god
adhidewatā
(S) the highest amongst the gods
adhiniśam
(S) by night
adhipati
(S) highest king
adhiparwa
(S) first volume of the Mahābhārata
adhipuruṣa
(S) noble mind; noble man; noble heart
adhimukti
(S) solid/deep conviction
adhirāja
(S) highest king
adhirājya
(S) capital
adhiratha
(S) driver, coachman
adhiloka
(S) highest world
adhiwijña
(S) very clever; very experienced
adhiwinnā
(S) awife degraded in position because of the second wife
adhiwīra
(S) great hero
adhiṣṭhāna
(S) position; dwelling-place, home, residence; power; mangadhiṣṭhāna to take;

--- 22 ---

to function; to occupy the function of a subordinate; inadhiṣṭhāna to be called; pangadhiṣṭāna base; function; pinakapangadhiṣṭāna to be chosen for a base
adhiṣṭhita
(S) to be put, be placed
adhisenāpati
(S) highest commander, commander-inchief
adhomuka
(S) with the face hanging down toward the breast
adhya
(S) to make preparations; to prepare oneself; see adi
adhyakṣa
(S) witness; judge; first judge; supervisor kādhyakṣa to have the function of the first judge
adhyātmaka
(S) highest knowledge about the soul
adhyātmakasukha
(S) highest inner happiness
adhyāpaka
(S) teacher
adhyāya
(S) paragraph; section; lesson; pupil; mangadhyāya to learn, to study, to read; pangadhyāyan attempt to study
adhwā
(Sadhwan) gone, desappeared
adhwaryyu
(S) a priest who is carrying out his task
an
if, when, that, whether; because; after
anak
child; anak-anak beloved, darling, dear; panakan mother; anak-anak ing mata the apple of one's eye
anakbi
wife; makānakbi to have as one's wife; kānakbyan dwelling place/home of the wife
anak ḍāra
girl; see rarā
anāgata
(S) (the) future
anāgatakāla
(S) (the) future
anāgataprabhu
(S) the coming king; the incoming or

--- 23 ---

prospective king
anagni
(S) without fire
anangga
(S) love; god of love
ananggadīpa
(S) fire of love
ananggapada
(S) world of the god Kama (God of love)
ananggaloka
(S) world of the god Kama (God of love)
anātha
(S) powerless, helpless
anādara
(S) impolite, uncivil, rude
anādi
(S) eternal, perpetual
anādijanma
(S) next incarnation
ānana
(S) mouth; forest, wood
ananumāna
(S) unpardonable, unforgivable
ananta
(S) endless
anantabhoga
(S) name of the dragon, the bearer of the world, the son of Kādrū
anantara
(S) shortly after
anantarabhrātā
(S) next eldest brother
anantawikrama
(S) very strong
anantawikramottunggadewa
(S) title of king Dharmawangśa
anantasana
(S) dwelling-place of Ananta
ananyamatya
(S ananyamati) active, ardent, industrious
anapatya
(S) childless; anapatyā to hope to be childlessl; willbe chilsless
anam
to plait; plait, basketwork
anāmaya
(S) healty, wholesome; non-destroying,

--- 24 ---

harmless
anarawata
(S) continuous(ly); incessant(ly)
anargha
(S) invaluable, inestimable
anāryya
(S) bad, wicked
anala
(S) fire; god of fire
ānāla
(S) bag, womb; bladder, purse
analabahni
(S) fire
anāwṛṣṭi
(S) dry monsoon; dry season
anāśraya
(S) free
anitya
(S) mobile, not permanent; unknown
anityatā
(S) unknown; mobile, unstable, not permanent
anityahetuka
(S) to cause to be unstable; unknown
anindita
(S) active, diligent, industrious; stainless, immaculate
anindyaguṇa
(S) diligence
anindyajāti
(S) of immaculate birth
anindyabhojana
(S) good food; good meal
anindyasārathi
(S) capable/able; driver/coachman
anila
(S) wind; god of wind; kānilan blown by the wind
anilātmaja
(S) son of the wind-god; another name of Hanuman or Bhīma
anilagāmī
(S) to run as fast as the wind
anilaputra
(S) son of the wind-god; another name of Hanuman ora Bhīma
anilabrata
(S) solemn promise not to retire or retreat from the battlefield

--- 25 ---

anilamatra
(S) like the wind; the wind as a measure; sānakanilamatra 1. as weak as a soft wind; very small; a small bit. 2. as the son of the wind-god
anilasama
(S) like the wind; similar to the wind
anilasuta
(S) son of the wind-god
aniwāryya
(S) unbearable; unmatched, irresistible
aniṣṭhagandha
(S) bad smell; stink, stench
anih
(S) disappeared; non-...; destroyed
anu
(S) indefinite pronoun; (Mr.) so-and-so; anything, any matter. sānu 1. of one origin, of the same origin; Mr. so-and-so. 2. that, which; see anung
anukāra
(S) to imitate, to help; manganukāra to imitate, to help
anukūla
(S) affection; suitable; favorable; well-disposed; praiseworthy, laudable
anukṛta
(S) to imitate; to follow
anukrama
(S) fixed rule, permanent rule
anugama
(S) following
anugraha
(S) gift, present, blessing; anganugraha to present, to endow, to favor; anugrahāna will be endowed/favored; kānugrahan favor, present, blessing; to be endowed, favored; tānganugrahe please, favor! forgive! mercy!
anugrahāna
(S) present, blessing, favor, gift
anung
which, that (relative pronoun)
anucara
(S) to know; to follow; follower; servant
anuja
(S) 1. who is born afterwards; younger brother/sister. 2. a flower
anujña
(S) to allow, to permit
anujñāta
(S) allowed, permitted

--- 26 ---

anujñāna
(S) allowed, permitter
anuttama
(S) highest, supreme, top-...; most splendid; largest; noblest; most excellent
anuttarasukha
(S) highest happiness
anudātta
(S) pronounced/uttered in a low voice
anudina
(S) every day
anunāsika
(S) nasal; nasalized vowel; letter; speech-sound
anuniśam
(S) every night
anupama
(S) unmatched, matchless, unequalled
anubhāgya
(S) greetings; homage; reception, welcome; anganubhāgya to welcome solemnly
anubhāwa
(S) pleasure; rank; behavior; dignity; power
anubhūta
(S) ever experienced; ever felt; ever enjoyed
anumata
(S) consent; permission; approval; anganumata to consent, to approve; kānumata consented, permitted, aprroved
anumāna
(S) 1. pity, mercy, sympathy; protection; anumānākěn to have pity on; to be sorry for; anumānan can be pardoned/forgiven; inanumāna pardoned, forgiven. 2. example, parable; conclusion; manganumāna to conclude; panganumāna example; conclusion
anumoda
(S) agreement; anumodā to be disposed; manganumoda to agree with
anurāga
(S) pity, love, affection; kānurāgan to be loved; love, affection
anūru
(S) without feet; without thighs; name of the son of the goddess Winata who afterward became driver for the sun-god Surya
anuwartta
(S) successively, in succession

--- 27 ---

anuwīkṣa
(S) examination; enquiry; interrogation; inspection
anuśana
(S) command, order, instruction; advice
anuṣṭhāna
(S) duty; deed; inanuṣṭhāna to be carried out; sānuṣṭhāna all kinds of duties
anusmaraṇa
(S) to remember; panganusmaraṇa memory, remembrance
anuswāra
(S) nasal
aneka
(S) all kinds of, all sorts of; different, diverse; not one
anekapa
(S) elephant
anekabhāwa
(S) different characters
anekabhūṣaṇa
(S) all kinds of ornaments/embellishments
anekabhoga
(S) all kinds of food
anekarasa
(S) all kinds of enjoyment
anekarūpa
(S) all kinds of forms; diverse forms
anekawākya
(S) all sorts of sounds, diverse sounds; to disagree
anekawarṇṇa
(S) variegated, various, varied; many-colored, particolored
anekawidhi
(S) all kinds of situations; various things
anekasangkhya
(S) very much, a lot of, a great deal of
anèh
strange; wonderful, astonishing
anopama
(S anupama) unmatched, unequalled
anopamya
(S anaupamya) unmatched, unequalled
anta
(S) end, limit; death; decision; settlement, fulfillment; pinakānta to be ended, to be limited;

--- 28 ---

with the last one, as the last one
antaka
(S) death; end, limit; destruction
antakāgni
(S) deadly fire, mortal fire
antakapura
(S) dwelling-place of Yama
antaji
(S) distance of time, duration
antara
(S) between, inter-...; distance; deep; different, difference; occasion, opportunity; pāntaraning between
antarangga
(S) soul; heart
antarātma
(S) soul; heart; inner, internal
antarāya
(S) handicap; obstruction; hindrance, barricade
antarāla
(S) firmament, space, sky
antarīkṣa
(S) firmament, space, sky
antargata
(S) to be inside; between; to enter; to slip in; hidden; kāntargata locked up, surrounded
antardhāna
(S) to disappear; gone
antarlīṇa
(S) to disappear; gone
antarhita
(S) to disappear; gone; to go
antaśāpa
(S) destruction/annihilation of a curse
antaḥpura
(S) dwelling-place/home for women; room for women
antaḥśalya
(S) pain in one's heart
antaḥhṛdaya
(S) inner heart, inner man, feelings
antěng
(S) quiet, calm
antěn
1. younger brother/sister; see ari. 2. to stop, to pause
antěp
inantěpakěn dropped; overthrown

--- 29 ---

antěb
mantěb solid, steadfast; heavy
anti
anganti to wait for; to live, to dwell; inanti to be awaited; pakāntyan sir, master; bridegroom; papangantyan bridegroom; sakamantèn meanwhile; tanganti wait!
antih
mangantih to spin (a thread)
antuk
1. to go back; to go home; mantuk to go home; to come back; tāntuk to back! go home! 2. result; income; antuk-antuk manual labor; pakāntuk income; result
antun
1. see antěn. 2. umantun to stop; tan kāntun unceasing, incessant; not to be left behind
antus
mangantusakěn to await, to wait for; to expect
antusakna
wait! ask for forgiveness! beg his pardon!
antewāsa
(S) neighbor, friend
antewāsī
(S) pupil
antoh
see toh
antya
(S) (the) last (one); lowest; finished, empty; boundary, limit
antyaja
(S) name of the lowest class (in a society)
antyanta
(S atyanta) very; exceedingly, ectremely; how...!
antra
(S) bowels, intestines
anděl
quiet, silent; to trust; to live, to dwell; anganděl to trust; to believe; umanděl to keep silent; kanděl to be trusted; andělan dwelling-place; resting-place
andika
1. command, instruction, order. 2. you
andul
1. name of a flower. 2. inandul stabbed
andong
name of a plant
andalana
(S) to shake, to swing, to rock

--- 30 ---

andya
see ndya
andyan
my reverent lord; my wise lord
andha
(S) blind; dark
andhakāra
(S) dark; darkness
andhakūpa
(S) hidden well; hidden source
andhatāmisra
(S) blinded; pitch dark
andhanu
mangandhanu dark
andhalocana
(S) blind
andhībhūta
(S) to become blind
andhu
(S) well, source
anna
(S) food, fare, victuals, eatables
annādibhoga
(S) food and other delicacies
annapacana
(S) the way of cooking food
annapati
(S) another name of Agni or Śiwa
anya
(S) other; otherwise; any; different
anyatas
(S) other; otherwise
anyadharani
(S) other countries; different countries
anyabhūmi
(S) other countries; different countries
anyabhṛta
(S) name of a bird
anyarūpa
(S) another form; different shape
anyawādi
(S) not to do what one has promised or said
anwam
young
anwaya
(S) continuation; descent, descendant; family
anwaham
(S) day in, day out; for days together
anwita
(S) to possess, to have

--- 31 ---

anweṣa
(S) search
apa
1. what; why; because; when. 2. (S) except; far from
apak
1. see apa. 2. because of me. 3. angapak-angapaka not contented with, not satisfied with
apakāra
(S) damage; disdain, contemt; crime, criminality, evil; angapakāra to destroy, to damage; to disdain, to humiliate, to offend
apakarana
(S) damage, destruction; contemt, disdain
apakārī
(S) criminal, miscreant
apakrama
(S) crime, criminality, evil; inapakraman to be treated unfairly/wrongfully
apagama
(S) departure, journey; going away
apacāra
(S) transgression; trespass; falseness, deceit; crime, criminality, evil; inapacāra to be false, to deceive; to commit a crime
apaṭa
(S) illiteracy, illiterate; sāpaṭa illiterate person
apaṭī
(S) screen
apaḍa
unmatched, unequalled
āpaṇa
(S) market
apat
because of you; see apad
apatak
in fact I am not/I don't; in reality I am not/I don't
āpatkāla
(S) difficult time, difficult moment
āpatti
(S) event, case; matter; accident, disaster
apatnīka
(S) bachelor, unmarried
apatya
(S) descent, descendant; child
apatha
(S) there is no way (out); without any way (out)

--- 32 ---

apad
because of you; see apat
āpadgata
(S) to be in trouble
āpaddharmma
(S) accident; disaster, calamity
apan
because of, cause, reason; sāpan because (of)
apāna
(S) breath
apamāna
(S) disdain, contempt, humiliation
apamārgga
(S) side-way, side-road
apāmpati
(S) another name of the water-god Waruna
apayan
isn't it?
apayapan
isn't it?
apar
see apan; because of
apara
(S) afterwards; other
aparakta
(S) pale
aparāga
(S) contrary; to be at enmity with
aparājitā
(S) northeast
aparadeśa
(S) other countries; other areas
aparan
what; how; why; who
aparāhna
(S) in the afternoon
aparimita
(S) numberless, very much; exceedingly, extraordinarily
apalīnga
(S) bad name, notorious name; cruelty
apawāda
(S) contradiction; protest; reprimand, warning; ridicule, scorn
apawargga
(S) shutting, closing, locking; end; deliverance, liberation, redemption
apawarggamārgga
(S) the way of liberation/redemption

--- 33 ---

apasawya
(S) not left; right
apasmāra
(S) unconscious
āpaḥ
(S) water
apahāsa
(S) to laugh at; to mock at, to make sport of
āpaḥpakṣa
(S) name of a group of hermits
āpaḥpati
(S) sea-god; ocean-god; see apāmpati
apěk
musty, fusty
apěs
weak; soft; helpess, powerless, impotent; apěs-apěs very soft; kāpěsan fatigued, tired
api
1. (S) too, also; though; apituwi even; moreover. 2. see apuy. 3. to purify; mangapi to purify, to sanctify; purified, sanctified (with fire). 4. to pretend, to feign, to simulate: inapyan imitated; apyapya will pretend/feign/simulate. 5. to decorate, to embellish, to illustrate; angapi to define; mangapi to write a poem; inapi arranged beautifully, decorated, illustrated
āpīda
(S) bouquet, nosegay
apit
pinched, pressed together; pair of pincers; pair of tweezers
aputra
(S) childless
apūpa
(S) delicacy
apuy
fire; inapuyan burnt, cremated; pinakāpuy set afire; like fire; pangapuy campfire; apuya like fire
apura
pardon; forgiveness
apūrwwa
(S) unmatched, unequalled; never taken place before; wonder, marvel, miracle
apus
thread; tie, union, band; apus-apus tie; angapusi to tie up, to fasten; inapusan tied up, fastened
apuṣpa
(S) not to flower, not to be in bloom

--- 34 ---

apekṣa
(S) to control, to investigate; to pay attention to; to wait for; mangapekṣa to wait for; inapekṣa investigated; considered, taken into consideration
apeda
very large
apeya
(S) undrinkable; not allowed to drink (it)
apeyapeya
(S) to drink; alcoholic drink
āpta
(S) attained, reached; acquired, got; already complete; trusted
āpti
(S) income, receipt; will, desire; intention
āpya
(S) water; like water
āpyāyana
(S) full; complete; end; umāpyāyana to aid, to help; ināpyāyanan to be helped, to get help; assisted
aprakampya
(S) stable; immovable; unshakeable
apraja
(S) childless
aprajña
(S) stupid, silly; ignorance
apranaya
(S) to pay no attention to
apratima
(S) unmatched, unequalled
apratiṣṭha
(S) bottomless; shakeable; unstable
apratihata
(S) not to be afraid, to have no fear; courageous, brave
apratyadhirakṣa
(S) careful watch; watchful guard
apradānā
(S) not to give, to give no...
apradhāna
(S) subordinate
apramāṇa
(S) endless, infinite; numberless
aprameya
(S) innumerable; unmatched, unequalled; immense, immeasurable
aprayatna
(S) inactive

--- 35 ---

aprayukta
(S) exceedingly, extraordinarily; to meet seldom
aprayoga
(S) improper, unbecoming, unseemly; useless
apraśasta
(S) blamable, blameworthy; wicked; dirty, filthy; unclean, impure
aprasanggha
(S) not to agree with, not to be in accordance with; not to be in connection with
apriya
(S) unpleasant, something unpleasant; to have no pity on
apsantun
nymph
apsarā
(S) nymph
apsarāgaṇa
(S) a group of nymphs
apsarī
(S) nymph
apsarīceṭikā
(S) wetnurse(s) of the nymphs
apsu
(S) depth of the ocean
aphala
(S) unchangeable, unchanged, unaltered
ābandha
(S) bundle, bunch
abab
mābab-abab, orderly
abar
angabar-abar to twinkle, to sparkle
abala
soft; weak
abalang
throw; to throw; inabalangakěn thrown away
abah
abah-abah harness; tools
abět
umabět to beat
aběn
mangaběn to pelt
aběr
angaběrakěn to resist; to obstruct; to weaken, to enfeeble
abuk
angabuk to boast, to brag; to pretend; mangabuk to proceed hesitantly/doubtfully

--- 36 ---

abut
inabut taken away; pulled out
abul
mabul to brag, to boast
abo
bad smell, stink, stench
abda
(S) cloud; rainy season, wet monsoon
abdhi
(S) sea, ocean
abdhikanyā
(S) the goddess Laksmi
ābhā
(S) 1. beauty; appeatrance, style, grace, airs. 2. voive; word
abhakṣyabhakṣaṇa
(S) to eat forbidden things
abhāgya
(S) not to be lucky; poor
abhaya
(S) safe; quiet; angabhaya to look for (a place of) safety; abhayā be safe! be quiet!
abhayamudra
(S) the hand position of Buddha as a symbol of quiet
ābharaṇa
(S) ornament, embellishment; decoration, finery
abhāwa
(S) nothingness, not-being
abhīka
(S) meeting; angabhīka to flatter, to soften, to talk (a person) over
abhikāma
(S) desire; love, passion
abhikuṭak
(S) to sound "tak-tak" ("bang-bang", "pop-pop")
abhicāra
(S) witchcraft; magician, hypnotist; mangabhicāra to bewitch
abhicārī
(S abhicārin) to bewitch
abhicāraka
(S) magician, hypnotist; to bewitch
abhijana
(S) descent, descendant; noble, titled, aristocratic
abhijit
(S) to win; name of sacrifice for the god Soma (the moon)

--- 37 ---

abhinawa
(S) new; strange; odd; kabhinawa astonished, amazed
abhiniweśa
(S) to like to live; will, desire
abhiprāya
(S) intention; purpose; plan
abhibhawa
(S) stronger; to win
abhimata
(S) hope; love; appreciation; decision; inabhimata to be expected; to decide in one's inner self; fixed, decided
abhimāna
(S) proud, conceited; enmity; kabhimanan pride, conceit, brag; stupidity
abhimānasampat
(S) full of pride, very proud
abhimantra
(S) prayer; benefit; inabhimantra to be prayed for; to get benefit
abhimukha
(S) to look out upon
abhiyoga
(S) right, competence, authority
abhirāma
(S) beautiful; fine; beauty
abhirūpa
(S) beautiful; fine, magnificent; polite
abhilāṣa
(S) relief, lightening, lightness; hope, desire; plan
abhiwāda
(S) honor, respect, reverence, homage; amiability, kind address; angabhiwāda to respect, to honor; to address kindly
abhiśāpa
(S) curse, malediction; oath
abhiṣeka
(S) inauguration; proclamation; angabhiṣeka to inaugurate; to proclaim; abhiṣekan inaugurated, proclaimed
abhiṣekakrama
(S) inaugural ceremony
abhisambuddha
(S) his soul comes up; mangabhisambuddha his soul arises
abhihata
(S) beaten; hit; struck; pushed aside; inabhihata beaten

--- 38 ---

abhihita
(S) uttered, said, told; brought out (of)
abhogya
(S) uneatable
abhojana
(S) to fast
abhyāgata
(S) guest
abhyantara
(S) presence; palace, inner part of a palace
abhyarcana
(S) reverence, respect, honor, homage
abhyāsa
(S) training, exercise; habit; repetition; mabhyāsa to praktice; mangabhyāsa to train, to practice; to destroy; inabhyāsa trained; sābhyāsa ring according to the habit/tradition in; pangabhyāsanan training-place
abhyudaya
(S) pleasant solution, pleasant arrangement; good result, pleasant result
ama
(S) good, well, splendid, fine. 2. father; rama (respected) father
amang
father; tutor, guardian
amaṇḍita
(S) unfurnished, undecorated
amātya
(S) minister; king's adviser
amātyagaṇa
(S) (group of) ministers
amātyawangśa
(S) minister's family; minister's relations
amānuṣa
(S) exceeding(ly), extraordinarily; odd, queer; astonishing, amazing
amānuṣakṛti
(S) genius, superman, supernatural human being; of abnormal form
amānuṣāgamya
(S) impossible to pass/to enter (it)
amānuṣādbhuta
(S) amazing, wonderful
aman
to keep silent; noiseless, voiceless
amara
(S) immortal; god

--- 39 ---

amarakāminī
(S) nymph, fairy
amaragati
(S) to reach eternity
amarāngganā
(S) nymph, fairy
amaradāru
(S) name of a plant (Pinus deodora)
amaranīla
(S) sapphire
amarapura
(S) god's word
amarabhawana
(S) god's residence; heaven
amarasanggha
(S) group of gods; the gods
amarendra
(S) the god of gods (i.e., Indra)
amāwāsya
(S amāwāsyā) the night before the new month
amah
1. angamah-amah to threaten, to menace; pangamah-amah threat, menace. 2. interjection
aměng
to play; to take a pleasant walk; to be chatting pleasantly; to amuse oneself; paměng-aměng game, play; sāměng-āměng play! take a pleasant walk! have a pleasant talk!
aměr
angaměr to flatter, to soften, to cajole; inaměr maintained, supported; coddled; provided with; pangaměr flattery, consolation; aměrěn it ought to be supported, it ought to be maintained
aměs
mixture; angaměs to mix; to flatter, to soften, to cajole; inaměs mixed; aměsa will be desirous of, will be longing for, will be covetous of
amitra
(S) without friends, friendless
amithya
(S) not to lie, not to deceive; really, thoroughly, in earnest, truly
amiṣapuji
(S) to praise/to glorify in order to get a reward; skillful in flattery
amuk
angamuk to run amuck; see wūk
amukha
(S) without head, headless; without mouth

--- 40 ---

amung
angamung to long for, to yearn for, be covetous of
amut
amut-amut mind! be careful!
amudra
(S) unmatched, unequalled, matchless, incomparable
amun
mangamun to buzz, to hum
amṛta
(S) vital water
amṛtatatwa
(S) eternal life
amṛtdeha
(S) whose body is eternal
amṛtabhoga
(S) to drink vital water
amṛtamanthana
(S) churning of the ocean of milk to get vital water
amṛtamaya
(S) consisting of vital water; eternal
amṛtaloka
(S) dwelling-place/residence of gods
amṛtopama
(S) like vital water
amṛtosadha
(S) effective remedy/medicine like vital water; very effective remedy/medicine
amedhya
(S) dirty, filthy
amedhyamedhya
(S) dirty and holy things
amogha
suddenly; furthermore; but; sure, certain; really, in earnest; though
amoghaśakti
(S) really powerful
amoghasiddhi
(S) 1. having a very great magic power. 2. name of a dhyanibuddha in Mahayana Buddhism
ampak
ampak-ampak fog; mampak-ampak to go down, to sit
ampang
kāmpangan it is better to consider it light (not serious)
ampal
name of an insect harmful to plants

--- 41 ---

ampět
māmpět stopped; inampět endured; closed, shut; tan ampět unbearable, insupportable
ampěh
angampěh to stop; to stand, to bear, to endure; māmpěh to stop, to decrease; tan ampěh continuously, incessantly
amping
ampingan to hide
ampit
hip, waist
ampir
mampir to call on; to come; to visit; kāmpir hit, struck
ampil
umampil to go with, to follow
ampis
angampis-ampis very poor
ampu
Sir, (my) master, (my) lord; see mpu
amput
tan pāmput-amputan soon, directly; not to scruple to
ampun
pardon, forgiveness
ampuh
enormous, tremendous, terrible, violent; strong, supernaturally talented; effective; angampuhan to roar like a storm
ampyal
name of a kind of bamboo
ambang
ambang-ambang name of a tree; mambang to float
amban
tan ryamban worried, uneasy
ambay
ambay-ambay cloth with flower-ornament
ambara
(S) sky, space, firmament
ambarakara
(S) bird; nymph, fairy
ambaratala
(S) sky, space, firmament
ambawang
a fruit (Mangifera odorata Griff.)
ambah
angambah to experience; to enter; to tread on; mangambah to enter, to tread on; kāmbah entered; trampled; governed, controlled, at one's disposal; suppressed, oppressed

--- 42 ---

amběk
inner man; inner self; thought; feeling; purpose, intention; breath; makāmběk to think; pyamběk will, wish, desire; pāmběkan breath
āmběng
(yan) pangāmběng when it is stopped; when it is put to silence
ambung
kiss; mangambung-ambungan to kiss; inambung kissed
ambuja
(S) lotus; blue lotus
ambuda
(S) cloud
ambudoda
(S) night
ambudhara
(S) cloud
ambudhi
(S) sea, ecean
ambudhiwīci
(S) wave; name of a kind of verse
ambumuk
(S) cloud
ambul
angambul to attack together
ambulung
ambulungan loincloth
ambuwāha
(S) cloud
ambuh
(S) water
ambe
umambe to call
ambodhara
see ambudhara
ambyan
(open) veranda; room, hall, pavilion
ambhoja
(S) blue lotus; see ambuja
ambhojinī
(S) a pond with many lotus flowers
ayak
ayak-ayak to move frequently
ayat
mayat to draw, to pull; angayati to frighten by aiming at (a person); inayat aimed at; r ayat he draws, he pulls
āyatana
(S) place; oratory, chapel

--- 43 ---

ayatanasthāna
(S) place between heaven and hell
ayan
epilepsy, falling sickness
ayap
1. ayap-ayap seen coming from afar. 2. angayap to be present at, appear before; mangayap to surround and accompany; inayap surrounded
ayam
1. hen, fowl; ayam wana wild fowl. 2. mangayam-ayam to want, will, to desire; angayam-ayam to want, will, to desire
āyay
Ho! Stop! I say! Hey!
ayah
(S) iron
ayaḥkāra
(S) ironsmith
ayaḥśrěngkala
(S) iron chain
ayěng
angayěng to go round; angayěngi to surround; to lock up; to close in, to enclose; ingayěngan surrounded, enclosed
ayěm
patient; quiet, calm
ayi
(rayi) younger brother/sister; see ari (4), rari
ayu
angayu to compete in
ayukta
(S) not to be in connection; not in accordance with
ayuta
(S) million
āyudha
(S) weapon; pinakāyudha used as a weapon; sāyudha armed
āyudhawara
(S) special weapon, exquisite weapon
ayun
1. battlefield; training-place; silih-ayun to attack one another. 2. in front of; before; front side; ayunan presence. 3. swinging, rocking, shaking; ayunan swing, sway; shaken; inayun rocked, moved, swung
ayubhāgya
(S) agreement; mangayubhāgya to agree, to welcome

--- 44 ---

ayuyu
crab
āyurweda
(S) medicine, medical science
āyuṣa
(S) age
āyuṣya
(S) great age, long life
āyuh
(S) life
āyogya
(S) improper; unfit, unsuitable
ayogra
(S) cudgel, club
ayonija
(S) not to be born out of mother's womb
ayom
kayoman trusted; ayom-ayoman to consult
ayomaya
(S) made of iron
ayomayamukha
(S) with an iron head
ayomayahata
(S) made of forged iron
ar
he; they; see an, n, r
ara
fig tree
arak
inarak accompanied
ārakṣaka
(S) to wacth; to protect
ārāga
(S) having no passions; passionless
arang
seldom, rarely
arajas
stainless, immaculate; passionless
āraṇa
(S) far; strange, odd
araṇa
(S) village-head; ravine, valley, gorge
araṇi
(S) firewood
araṇya
(S) wood, forest, far; country, foreign
araṇyaka
(S) wood, forest; book to be studied in the forest

--- 45 ---

arāti
(S) enemy
aratni
(S) elbow; joint
ārādhana
(S) call; mangārādhana to call; inārādhana called; pangārādhana call; ārādhanā in order to meet/to come together/to gather
aran
name; see ngaran, haran; māran named; pangaran name; inaran named, called
arab
arab-arab torch; angarab to make a sacrifice; to flame, to blaze; mangarab-arab to shine, to sparkle; marab-marab to blaze
aram
twigs and leaves
ārām
(S) comforter; consolation, distraction
ārambha
(S) beginning of work; meddling, interference, intervention; attempt; angārambha to caryy out
ārambhana
(S) see ārambha
aramya
(S) not beautiful, not fine; unpleasant
arayana
inarayana entertained
ārāwa
(S ārawa) cheering, shouting; yell; noise
arawinda
(S) lotus blooming at daylight/by day
aras
touch; angaras to touch, to wipe; to kiss; see haras
arasa
(S) tasteless, without taste; weak
arah
1. arah-arah place; situation; direction; angarah-arah to aim at, to direct to; apangarah disposed, willing; to plan. 2. interjection: isn't it? Hey!
arahara
fallow land; direction
arěk
angarěki to kiss; marěk-arěkan to kiss one another; arěkana in order to be kissed
arěp
marěpakna to have to confront; be confronted with

--- 46 ---

arěn
marěn to stop; tan arěn incessant, continuous
arěm
to love
arěmbha
(S) see ārambha; mangarěmbha to break, to cut off
ari
1. (S) enemy. 2. aryyari (= ari + ari) placenta. 3. stop; to live, to dwell; to recover; māri to stop; to recover, to heal; marya in order to stop; kāri left behind; tan ari continuous, incessant. 4. younger brother/sister
arik
a kind of land tax; arik-arik different, various
aring
1. tamed; occupied; maring occupied, to enjoy (oneself). 2. inaring-aring cooked
arit
grass-knife, sicle; cut; angarit to deviate (from); inarit (to be) cut; kārit wounded; cut off; pangarit-aritan place of cutting off
ariti
a kind of iron
arip
to doze off, to slumber, to take a nap
ariwuwu
angariwuwu to console, to give relaxation; to congratulate, to wish a person good luck; inangariwuwu to take care of, to look after; to keep, to support; to breed, to grow, to cultivate; inariwuwu consoled
arikta
(S) not empty
arijana
(S) enemy; enmity
ariṣṭa
(S) bad omen, bad indication; angariṣṭākěn to destroy; umariṣṭakna will cause destruction; pangariṣṭa loss, damage
aris
to make; weak; soft; slow; angaris-aris to flatter, to soften; to tolerate patiently; inaris to get amnesty, to be forgiven; inaris-aris patiently tolerated; flattered
arihan
(S) enemy's killer
arug
knife mangarug armed with a knife; inarug

--- 47 ---

stebbed with a knife; silih-arug to hew/slash one another with a knife
aruṇa
(S) 1. morning; dawn. 2. son of Winatā, elder brother of Garuda, driver of the sun-god
aruṇarun
a sea fish
arut
mangarut-arut to cry; to groan, to moan
arus
current, stream; wave; angarus to stream
aruh
angaruh-aruhan to cause; ro throw into, to make fall into; inaruh-aruhan addressed, accosted; aruh-aruhan to address one another; to call each other
aron
better that, better when
āropaṇa
(S) command, instruction; aid; union, alliance; angaropaṇa to agree; to aid
aros
aros-aros 1. bulletin, leaflet. 2. jointed; maros like a joint, joint-like
āroha
(S) driver; vehicle, mount, riding animal; waist
arka
(S) sun; sun-god
arkaripu
(S) enemy of Surya; Raju
arkkawimba
(S) round shape of the sun
argaḍa
(S) obstacle; hindrance
argala
(S) obstacle; hindrance
arggha
(S) 1. entertainment; feast, banquet; water for cleaning the feet in honor of the guest. 2. price, value
argghapātra
(S) bowl with water for cleaning the feet of the guest
arcca
(S) 1. mark of honor, homage; making the sěmbah (see sěmbah). 2. statue, image
arccaṇa
(S) mark of honor, homage; worship;

--- 48 ---

angarccaṇa to honor, to pay homage, to worship; pangarccaṇan place of worship
arcala
pinahārcala shaken
arcci
ray
arjja
see rěja
arjjana
(S) attempt; activity; mangarjjana to attempt
arjjawa
(S) upright, honest; good, decent
arjjuna
(S) 1. white; light; shining, shimmering. 2. name of the third son of Pandhu. 3. name of a plant (Terminalia ardjuna)
arjjuni
(S) cow
arṇṇawa
(S) sea; wave; inundation, overflow; mangarṇṇawa like the sea, like the ocean; like an overflow
arṇṇah
(S) place; position; situation; karṇṇah placed, put; parṇṇah position, situation
ārtta
(S) hit by; sad, sorrowful; ill, sick
artha
(S) thing, matter, business; purpose; money; result; advantage, luck; angartha to understand; to realize; to see; arthakara to understand; to realize; to see
arthakara
(S) unseful
arthadāna
(S) money as a gift
arthanā
(S) prayer; request
arthapati
(S) rich man; king
artheśwara
(S) another name of Kuwera (god of wealth)
arddha
(S) very; half; rather; wrong
arddhacandra
(S) arrow of which the head has the form of the crescent moon
arddhana
(S) desire

--- 49 ---

arddhanārī
(S) goddess Uma represented clung together with the god Śiwa, so half a woman, half a man
arddhanārīśwara
(S) see arddhanārī
arddhani
(S) water-pitcher in the form of a goose
arddharājya
(S) half of the kingdom
arddhalepa
(S) improper; indecent
ārdra
(S) wet, humid; watery, abundance of water
arppaṇa
(S) offering; angarppaṇakěn to offer, to serve up, to dish up
arppita
(S) served up, dished up, offered
arbuda
(S) ten miliions
arma
(S) debris, ruins
āryya
(S) noble, titled, aristocratic; in a good position; authoritative
āryyaguṇa
(S) wise, level-headed, sedate, sensible; dainty, correct
āryyadeśa
(S) area, territory, district; Aryan people
arwwā
(S arwan) rapid horse, fast horse
arwwati
(S) female horse, mare
arwwuda
(S) see arbuda
arṣaya
(S āśraya) help, aid, assistance; protection; inarṣaya to be asked for one's help
arhat
(S) perfect man; ideal man
arhantikā
(S) female priest in Buddhism
alā
umalā to hang down; to swing round
alaku
(S) hair
alakṣana
(S) unmarked

--- 50 ---

alang
1. kapalang-alang confusing; to doubt, to hesitate. 2. umalang to cross, to lie in the way. 3. inalang-alang obstructed; avoided; prevented. 4. angalangi to resist, to oppose; angalang-alangi to obstruct, to hinder, to hamper. 5. pangalang-alang a field of alang-alang (a kind of tall sedge-grass)
alangkāra
(S) ornament, decoration, embellishment, finery
alangghana
(S) not attained, not reached
alangghanīya
(S) unreachable, unattainable
alangghya
(S) matchless, unequalled; inaccessible, impenetrable
alad
1. flame, glow; angaladi to burn; to light; umalad to lick (flames). 2. mālad to cut
ālāna
(S) pole; pole for fastening elephants
alap
to take; angalap to take; to look for; umalap to take; to pick up, to collect; to rob, to plunder, to confiscate; kālapan taken away
alap-alap
eagle
alapkěna
attempt; consultation
alābu
(S) pumpkin
alam
1. (S) full; sufficient; contented. 2. alam-alam moved/affected by beauty
ālambhana
(S) attempt; deed
ālaya
(S) place
alal
uneasy, worried; impatient; angalal restless, alarmed; nervous because of longging for
alāwu
(S) pumpkin
alas
wood, forest, jungle
alasa
(S) slow; worn out, exhausted; tired, fatigued

--- 51 ---

alah
1. very. 2. cause, reason. 3. defeated; pangalah tool to defeat; victory. 4. tamalah much, many; tan alah much, many
alěk
sad, sorrowful
alěngkāra
(S) ornament, finery, embellishment; see alangkāra
alěm
angalěm to praise
alěmbana
(S ālambana) to hold/grasp/seize one another
alěr
small dyke; raised path
alěh
fatiqued, tired, exhausted; sad, sorrowful; angalěh sad, sorrowful
ali
beetle; bumblebee, honey bee
alik
1. angalik to go round, to turn; to turn and toss about (in one's bed); to roll (eyes). 2. mangalik-alik to moan, to groan; to lament. 3. umalik to leer, to pry; to lie in wait for
aling
angaling-aling to leer, to pry; to see while hiding oneself; kāling covered, hidden; alingan to hide
ālinggana
(S) embrace
alit
small; fine; mālit small fine; nice, sweet; pinahalit reduced, decreased; refined
alintang
umalintangakěna in order to be brought over (the river)
alib
very, extremely; cruel
alimun
mangalimun wrapped, enveloped
alila
to appear suddenly
aliling
alilingan to turn; to rotate
aliwawar
storm; tornado; hurricane
alisyus
whirlwind; angalisyus to storm, to rage

--- 52 ---

alih
two; substitute; change; angalih to remove; to transport; mangalih far; inalihakěn sieved; filtered; kapaliha ought to be divided in two; pinalih divided in two halves
alun
1. wave; angalun to wave, to undulate; aluna like waves. 2. alun-alun town square
alup
angalup to bark, to cry
alūm
withered, faded
alus
fine; angalus to refine; alusěn refined
aluh
to live happily; to have a happy life
alok
angalokakěn to call repeatedly; to cheer; palok it is said
ālocita
(S) thought; consideration; mangālocita to consider, to consult; to think of; inālocita considered
alpa
(S) small; a little; worthless, valueless; angalpa to consider light/worthless; to consider insignificant/trifling; inalpa considered trifling/insignificant; pangalpa one who is inclined to consider somebody else insignificant; proud person
alpaka
(S) to disobey; to be disobedient to
alpakākaya
(S) weak, feeble; powerless, desperate, impotent
alpaguṇa
(S) little merit
alpapādi
(S) rather difficult
alpamitra
(S) few friends
alpayusa
(S) short life
alpawastu
(S) trifling, worthless
alpaśakti
(S) having no magic power
alpaśesa
(S) with a little remainder; small remainder

--- 53 ---

alpasāra
(S) impotent, powerless
awā
clear, bright; āwā to shine, to sparkle; quiet, calm; mawā to shine, to sparkle; bright
awa
angawakěn to scorn, to abuse
awak
body; māwaka he might control; angawaki to experience; makāwak to have as a body; pangawak figure; pangawakěn do it yourself; pinakāwakta anything which is your incarnation; awaknya he himself
awakarṇaya
(S) not to hear/listen
awakeśi
(S) fruitless tree
awag
angawag-awag to guess; arbitrarily
awagraha
(S) obstacle, hindrance; diacritic used to mark that something has been omitted
awaghāta
(S) defeated; overthrown, overturned; inawaghāta attacked together; warded off; parriet, averted; pushed
awang
awang-awang firmament, space; mangawang-awang to fly
awanggawiṣaya
(S) kingdom (of) Awangga
awajña
(S) humiliation, disdain
awat
angawat will, to be intended, to want to; to call; inawatakěn called
awatangṣa
(S) bouquet, nosegay
awatāra
(S) incarnation; result, product; māwatara to incarnate; self
awadhi
(S) time; boundary, limit
awadhīraṇa
(S) refusal
awan
1. high; māwan high. 2. road, way; see hawan; māwan to go. 3. vehicle, car; māwan to ride in a vehice/carriage. 4. name of a sea fish

--- 54 ---

awanī
(S) world; earth
awanīpati
(S) king
awanimitta
(S) ill omen
awantěn
(S) mawantěn to destroy, to annihilate
awandhawa
(S) having no family; having no friends
awapāta
(S) to fall; hit by a falling thing
awamāna
(S) pride; conceit; brave; disdain; humiliation; kāwamāna humiliated, disdained; kinawamānan humiliated, disdained
away
angaway-away to give a hint, to touch with one's finger; see awe
awayawa
(S) 1. body; part of body; limb. 2. form
awar
awar-awar a plant (Ficus septica)
awara
1. (S) lower; a little less; smaller; younger; closer; awarā will become lower. 2. (S) āwāra to refuse; to hinder, to cross; to disturb; mawara ri to disturb; to hinder; pangawara trouble, difficulty; disturbance, annoyance
āwaraṇa
(S) blanket; screen, partition
awarūthinī
(S) division; troop
āwartta
(S) whirpool; curled, crisp-haired
awartamana
(S) it does not go; it is not continued; it does not become
awardhamana
(S) it does not develop; not to develop
awalā
(S abalā) woman; female
awalagna
(S) 1. to stay, to remain; to dwell. 2. waist
awalangghana
(S) transgression, trespass
awalepa
(S) pride; humiliation, disdain; mawalepa proud; to humiliate, to disdain; to consider low;

--- 55 ---

sāwalepa proud; to consider low
awalokana
(S) to see; sight, view; to listen; mawalokana to see, to look at; to listen, to hear
awawāda
(S) command; instruction
awaśarira
(S) incarnation
awaśesa
(S) rest, remainder
awas
mangawas to see; see wās
awasa
temple; monument
awasāna
(S) boundary; end; afterwards; māwasāna in the end, finally; to form the end; makawasāna to end
awasara
(S) apportunity, occasion, chance; in due time, in just a moment
awāstawa
(S) shapeless, formless; not expressed, not proved
awastuka
(S) not clear; not serious
awasthā
(S) situation, circumstances; event; mangawasthā to bring; sāwasthā all events, all experiences
awasya
(S) necessary; obliged, compulsory
āwāhana
(S) call; exclamation
awahiri
jealous, envious
awět
inawět peeled, the skin cast
awik
angawik to open one's mouth
awighna
(S) without disturbance/hindrance; fluency, readiness
awighnam astu
(S) there be no obstacles
awing
awing-awing cover, lid; awing-awingan to hide; covered by/with

--- 56 ---

awicārita
(S) not discussed; awicāritan not discussed
awicinna
(S awicchinna) continuous(ly), incessant(ly)
awit
angawit disposed to, willing to; to obstruct, to hamper; to vex; to hinder; mangawit to meet; umawit to wait; inawit prepared; kāwit casually, accidentally, incidentally; pangawit hindrance obstacle
awidyā
(S) ignorance
awidyamāna
(S) not-being (Nirvana)
awin
angawin to accompany; pangawin spear, javelin; see hawin
awibhāga
(S) whole, sound; undivided
awibhāwya
(S) not to be distinguished
awir
awir-awir a kind of net; angawir-awir hanging loose, hanging down
awiwākṣita
(S) leave/let it alone; let us not talk of it; it need not be discussed
awiweka
(S) without investigation; mawiweka without examining it before
āwiśa
(S) to enter; see āweśa
āwiśesa
(S) without difference
awis
1. destroyed; finished, nothing left, at an end; defeated; mangawis to finish, to take so that nothing is left; pangawista taking all away. 2. twig, branch
awih
disease, sickness
awuk
gone, disappeared; rotten, putrid
awur
awur-awur dark; angawur embarrassed, bewildered, panic-stricken; no matter which/who: at random
awe
angawe to wave, to beckon; inawe beckoned; silih-awe to beckon one another

--- 57 ---

awedya
(S) not recognized; unknown
āweśa
(S) door; to enter; angāweśa to influence; mangaweśa to possess, to have; to penetrate, to break into, to soak; kāweśa influenced
āweśya
kāweśyan area, district, territory; dwelling-place, residence
awyawa
(S) eternal, perpetual; unchangeable
awyāhata
(S) not hit (by); not wounded; not distrurbed
awyawahārika
(S) without investigation/examination
āśā
(S) 1. direction; point of the compass. 2. sad, sorrowful; desperate, despairing, to be at wit's end; māśā sad, sorrowful; uneasy, worried; anxious, afraid; mangāśākěn to worry about, to alarm, to frighten; salah āśā disappointed
āśangkā
(S) fear, anxiety, apprehension
aśana
(S) food, fare, victuals, eatables
aśani
(S) flash of lightning
aśabda
(S) to keep silent, not to speak
aśābhūta
(S) disappointed
āśarana
(S) powerless, impotent
āśīrwāda
(S) praise, eulogy; recommendations; greetings, congratulation, salute; ināśīrwāda greeted, saluted; pangāśīrwāda praise, eulogy; congratulation; good wishes
āśīrwiṣa
(S) poisonous snake
aśuci
(S) unclean (ritually); dirty
aśuddha
(S) unclean (ritually); unkown
aśubhakarma
(S) evil deed, wicked deed; crime, sin, evil
aśubhacihna
(S) ill/bad omen

--- 58 ---

aśubhanimitta
(S) ill/bad omen
aśesa
1. a kind of flower. 2. (S) glad, contented; not in trouble
aścaryya
(S) seldom, rarely; astonished; kāścaryan astonished, amazed; stupefied, dumbfounded
aśma
(S) stone
aśamaka
(S) hit by a stone, to hit one's foot against a stone
aśmawiṣṭaka
(S) brick
aśraddhā
(S) impious, not virtuous; unfaithful
aśrama
(S) not tired, not fatigued
āśrama
(S) 1. place of asceticism; monastery. 2. one of the triwangśa (the three highest castes); see triwangśa
āśraya
(S) help, aid; angāśraya to ask for help; pinakāśraya to be asked for one's help; pangāśrayan evacuation, refuge, asylum; āśrayan (he, she) must/ought to be asked for his/her help
āśrayāśa
(S) fire
aśru
(S) tear
aśrupāta
(S) crying, weeping
aśwa
(S) horse
aśwā
(S) mare
aśwakuṭī
(S) stable
aśattha
(S) a spruce-fir (Casuarina)
aśatthama
(S) son of Droṇa
aśwamedha
(S) horse as sacrifice/offering
aśwamedhayajña
(S) playing horse; name of a verse
aśwaśikṣā
(S) knowledge about horses

--- 59 ---

āśwāsa
(S) distraction, consolation; umāśwāsa to console, to give recreation/relaxation
āṣaḍha
(S) the twelfth month
aṣṭa
(S) eight
aṣṭa/guṇa
(S) eightfold; able, skillful; kāṣṭaguṇa increased eightfold; -cora eight thieves; -tanu eight bodies of Siwa; -dala eight leaves; makāṣṭadala with eight leaves; -daśaparwa the Mahābhārata; eighteen parts/volumes; -duṣṭa eight criminals/miscreants/thieves; -deśa eight points of the compass; eight directions; -pada animal with eight legs; -basu eight gods; -brata eight matters which a king ought to know; -mī eighth day of the first half-month; -mūrtti eight bodies of Śiwa; -lingga eight faces of Śiwa; eight distinctive marks; -wīdha eight paths to mokṣa (redemption) in Mahayana Buddhism; -śata eight hundred; -sañjña eight names of Siwa
aṣṭapaddha
(S akṣapaṭa) judge; attorney
aṣṭasani
(S) priest
aṣṭasari
(S) virtuous hobby
aṣṭaseni
(S) priest
aṣṭeśwaryya
(S) eight wonders of the magicians
asangkya
(S asangkhya) countless; masangkya innumerable, numberless
asanggata
(S) improper; without resistance/opposition
asajjana
(S) criminal, miscreant
asat
(S) to deny; to deceive, to lie
asatya
(S) lie; deceit
asadṛśa
(S) unequal; different
asana
(S) a kind of plant (Terminalia tomantosa)

--- 60 ---

āsana
(S) seat
āsanaḍah
(S) to hide/conceal a criminal; to give a hiding-place to a criminal
āsanantaka
(S santānika) name of a flower
asab
inasaban obliged, compulsory; finely sharpened
asama
(S) unmatched, unequalled
asāmaunya
(S) unfriendly, snappish
asāmāunya
(S) uncommon, unusual; strange, odd
asāyaka
(S) without bow and arrow
asāra
(S) useless
āsawa
(S) alcoholic drink
asah
angasah to sharpen; inasah sharpened
asahasa
(S) lustless, languid; slowly; calmly
asěp
see asöp
asěh
masěh to wash, to clean; inasěhan cleaned, washed
asö
to advance, to proceed; inasö attacked; masö to advance, to proceed; tasö go forward!
asöp
incense; (dense) smoke, vapor, fume, steam; pasěpan incensory, censer, thurible
asöm
acid, sour; fruit of the tamarind tree
asi
(S) 1. sword. 2. while; moreover
asing
no matter which; any; whatever; whosoever; asing sakaharěp any desire
asita
(S) black
asitapakṣa
(S) the dark half-month
āsītkāla
(S) formerly

--- 61 ---

asiddha
(S) unfinished; not continued; imperfect, incomplete
asiddhakāryya
(S) after he/she had not been able to finish his/her task
asidhāra
(S) vow to place a sword between husband and wife in the bed
asin
salt; salted
asipatrawana
(S) woods whose trees bear swords as leaves
asir
asir-asiran many, much
asih
1. again. 2. love; pity; friend, beloved darling; angasih-asih to move, moving; sad; angasih-asihi to love; to have pity on; māsih to love; to be sorry for; kāsih beloved, darling; pangasih evidence of love; tāsyasih have pity on; silih-asih to love each other
asu
dog; jackal, wolf; asu hasang jackal, wolf; angasu 1. to chase, to hunt. 2. to commit a crime
asuk
umasuk to enter
asukamātra
(S asukhamātra) miserable, wretched
asujimāsa
(S aśwayuja) the month Aświna
asundara
(S) bad; ugly, not beautiful
asubhada
(S) 1. to have already studied; to have already prepared. 2. dull; silly
asura
(S) demon, giant
asurādhipa
(S) demon-king, giant-king
asurāri
(S) demon's enemy; the god Wisnu
asurasanggha
(S) group of giants/demons
asula
angasula to grumble; to grouse
asulabha
(S) acquired; seldom

--- 62 ---

asustha
(S) ill, sick
asuhṛd
(S) without friends, having no friends
asṛgdharā
(S) skin
asīh
many, much
askāra
(S samskāra) ceremony; offering, sacrifice; pasangaskāra ceremony; sacrificial repast; see sangaskāra
askṛta
pangaskṛta name
asta
(S) house; dwelling-place, residence, home; the place where the sun sets or the moon disappears
astagiri
(S) mountain; the place of sunset
astācala
(S) mountain where the sun sets
astādri
(S) mountain where the sun sets
astaparwata
(S) mountain where the sun sets
astā
(S) arrow; bullet
astamaya
(S) sunset
astām
(S) moreover, besides; no word about, not a word uttered about; also, too; astāmakěn not to mention; nothing is said about astāmyan not to mention
asti
(S) there is; available
astika
name of a priest, son of Jaratkaru
astikacarita
(S) the story of Astika
astu
(S) yes; it is expected that it will be so; so is it; so be it; angastwakěn to permit, to allow; to approve; inastu blessed; pangastu blessing
astungkāra
(S) praise, eulogy; permission, allowance; agreement; blessing; (m)angastungkāra to praise; pangastungkāra praise, eulogy

--- 63 ---

astuti
(S atuti) praise, eulogy; angastuti to praise; to honor, to respect
astenya
(S astainya) not to steal
asteya
(S) not to steal
astodayagiri
(S) mountain where the sun sets and disappears
astra
(S) arrow; bullet
astrāgara
(S) arsenal
astradharmakārya
(S) arshery-match
astri
inastren praised; ingastryan honored, respected; pangastryan square; main reception room
astrottama
(S) supernatural arrow, magical arrow
asthāwara
(S) motionless/immobile creature
āsthāpanasewana
(S) name of a talisman/sacred formula
asthi
(S) bone
asthita
(S) not to be, there is not, not available
asthiti
(S) confusion, unrest
asthira
(S) not strong; not solid; mobile, shakeable
asthūla
(S) thin, slender; fine
asthūlaśarīra
(S) to have a slender body/a fine body
āsparśa
(S samsparśa) touch, contact; mangāsparśa to touch; ināsparśa touched, spread
āsya
(S) mouth; face; head
asra
(S) tear; blood
āswāda
(S) convenience; enjoyment; comfort
aswadharma
(S) to neglect/abandon the task

--- 64 ---

aha
1. Oh! Alas! Oh dear! 2. (S) sure, certain. 3. (S) day
ahā
ready, in stock, prepared; inahākěn ready, in stock, prepared; pangahā disposed/willing to receive; mahā to want to, will
ahangkāra
(S) greedy, covetous; egoism
ahata
(S) not beaten; not yet washed/cleaned; new cloth
āhāra
(S) food, eatables; taking of food; mangāhāra food, eatables; pinakāhara eaten; nirāhāra not to eat
ahal
angahal to steal; mangahal to pluck; mahal awaknya to go away secretly
ahas
mahas to wander, to rove about; to cross/traverse in all directions; mahas ing to enter
ahasta
without hands
ahāh
Ah! Alas! Oh dear!
ahěngkāra
(S ahamkāra) proud, swollen with pride; insolent, rude, conceited
ahingsa
(S) not to kill or to molest living beings
ahita
(S) wicked, evil, sinful; badness, wickedness, criminality
ahimya
(S) to have the form of a snake
ahil
ahila seldom, rarely
ahihatya
(S) killer of Vitra, i. e., the god Indra
ahu
soon, fast, quick
ahuta
(S) not used as an offering/sacrifice
āhūtaprapalāyī
(S) to refuse the summons of the judge
āhūtī
(S) offering, sacrifice

--- 65 ---

ahub
shadow, shade; see höb
ahūr
ahūrakěn to choose
aho
1. Ah! Alas! Oh dear! 2. clear, bright; day; maho clear, bright
ahorātra
(S) day and night
ahorātrakāla
(S) during day and night
ahorātrī
(S) day and night
āhwāna
(S) call; mangāhwāna to call; kāhwānan called
āhwaya
(S) name
ahwalā
(S) solid, firm, strong