K

k
I; first person pronoun
cause, reason; with; then; furthermore
kak
small crow
kaka
1. elder brother/sister; akaka towards elder brother/sister. 2. crow
kakak
ngakak-ngakak to crow
kakang
makakang to lie on one's back
kakatang
a plant
kakatu
cockatoo
kakap
a sea fish (Lates calcarifer)
kakar
angakar to cry, to yell
kakah
firm, solid; strong
kaki
grandfather; hermit
kaku
hard
kaga
(S kagha) bird
kagapati
(S kaghapati) king of birds; name of a battle-array
kagendra
(S) see kagapati

--- 105 ---

kangěs
sharp
kangka
(S) heron
kangkapattra
(S) heron's feather
kangkung
a vegetable (Ipomoea reptans); a water plant
kangśa
(S kaṃsa) yellow copper
kangsi
percussion instrument made of yellow copper; angangsyani to play kangsi
kacak
angacak-kacak to roar with laughter
kacagraha
(S) to pull at one's hair
kacang
peanut; pakacangan peanut-field
kacapi
(S) 1. (S kacchapī) flute. 2. a fruit
kacapuri
hedge; kacapuriněn ought to be hedged
kacabhāra
(S) with thick hair
kacambah
to grow; to bud
kacah
kumacah to joke
kacubung
a plant (Datura fastuosa)
kaja
(S) lotus
kajang
screen; akajang screened; provided with a screen; kinajangan placed upon a tray
kajamas
to wash the hair, to shampoo
kajar
kajar-kajaran a plant (Remusativa vivapara Schott)
kajěng
will, desire
kañiri
a tree (Nerium oleander)
kañcanamaya
(S) made of gold
kañcit
suddenly; incidentally; not long after that

--- 106 ---

kañcil
dwarf-deer
kañjar
akañjar to lie on one's back; akañjaran to dance; makañjaran to hop/jump around angrily
kaṭa
(S) mat
kaṭak
toad, frog
kaṭah
many, much
kaṭik
1. akaṭik stableman, groom. 2. kinaṭik always taken with
kaṭiwandha
(S kaṭibandha) belt, girdle; tool
kaṭu
(S) sharp; hard
kaṭuk
akaṭuk to tremble, to shudder
kaṭungka
(S khaṭungka) criminal, miscreant; wicked, bad, evil; low, mean, contemptible; low/mean/contemptible deed
kaṭungkabuddhi: (S) wicked, ill, bad
kaṭubrata
(S) to swear by all that is holy
kaṭhina
(S) hard; strong; firm; solid
kaṭhinī
(S) lime
kāḍaṇḍa
(S kāraṇḍa) a kind of duck
kaḍat
akaat to loiter, to linger; apikaat to pretend to be dead; tan akaat soon; quickly; in a hurry; continuous, incessant
kaḍal
garden-lizard
kaḍawa
a kind of dove (Columba aenea)
kaḍga
(S khaḍga) sword
kaṇṭa
(S kaṇṭha) throat
kaṇṭabhāraṇa
(S) neck-ornament
kaṇṭi
friend; angaṇṭi to pause, to take rest;

--- 107 ---

sakaṇṭi to come together, to gather; gathered
kaṇṭhanātha
(S) another name of Śiwa
kaṇḍa
1. sword; kakaṇḍa cut/hewn with a sword. 2. part; makaṇḍa orderly; divided; kinaṇḍa divided; sakaṇḍa one part
kāṇḍa
(S khaṇḍa) story; part of a story
kaṇḍaga
large water-barrel made of copper
kaṇḍang
stable
kaṇḍaparwwa
(S khaṇḍaparwwa) parts and chapters
kaṇḍah
makaṇḍah in a row; in a sequence, in a queue
kaṇḍi
sack, bag, pocket, purse
kaṇḍung
mangaṇḍung to contain; preagnant
kaṇḍut
to carry; kinaṇḍut to take with stealthily
kaṇḍuyuhan
a plant
kāṇḍuh
to go stoopingly; to stop repeatedly
kaṇwa
nama of a hermit
katang
katang-katang grass
katangka
nangka tree
katangga
name of a tree
katap
1. akatap in heaps; buried. 2. akatap-katap tortuous, winding, with many twists; pakatap-katap shine; sprakle; flash
katapang
a tree (Terminalia catappa L.)
katara
it seems that; it looks like; perhaps
kātara
(S) afraid; to hesitate, doubtful; kātara-tara very afraid
kataragal
in a hurry, hastily, hurriedly

--- 108 ---

katarat
akatarat to roar, to howl
katön
will, to want; to desire; sakatön all (kinds of) desires
kati
heavier than usual
katik
kinatik pinched
katipaya
(S) some, several
katipayakusuma
some flower-buds
katimang
katimang tree
katirah
name of a creeping plant with red flowers; angatirah red colored
katiwidha
(S) some kinds; several kinds
katu
a plant
katupang
a slice of flesh taken from the neck of a pig
katkat
an animal
kathā
(S) story; history; akathā to tell a story
kathāka
(S) story-teller
kathañcana
(S) accidentally, casually, by chance, by accident
kathañcil
(S) accidentally, casually; unintentionally
kathāntara
(S) another story; discussion
kathāmapi
(S) however that may be; though; nevertheless
kathamukha
(S) introduction of a story; beginning of a story
kadang
relation, relatives; kadang-kadang relations, relatives; pakadangan relationship
kadācit
(S) once upon a time; sometimes; casually, accidentally

--- 109 ---

kadamba
(S) name of a flower (Nauclea cadamba Roxb.)
kadi
like, as (if)
kaduk
exceedingly, extraordinarily; akaduk very
kadut
pocket, bag; sack; kinadutan carried in a bag/sack
kadyangga
like, as (if), similar to
kadru
(S) 1. reddsh-brown; earth. 2. name of the mother of the dragons
kana
1. there. 2. bracelet
kanaka
(S) gold
kanakakaṇḍa
(S) golden umbrella of the king/kingdom
kanakadrawa
(S) fragrant/odorous powder
kanakamaya
(S) made of gold
kanakarasa
(S) golden liquid; fluid gold
kanakaweśma
(S) golden house; bridal room; wedding room
kanā
(S) maiden, girl
kānan
1. right (hand). 2. tan kānan not to know
kānana
(S) forest, wood
kānanabyūha
(S) battle-formation in the shape of a forest
kanigara
(S karnikāra) sunflower (Nymphaea stellata Wild.)
kanin
wound; wounded; anganini to wound; ahurip kanin to fight against someone
kanīna
(S) young; young man; girl
kaniṣṭa
(S kaniṣṭha) youngest; lowest; smallest; poorest, meanest

--- 110 ---

kaniṣṭamadhyamottama
the lowest, the middle and the highest
kanuruhan
name of a rank, position
kāntā
(S) dear, darling, beloved
kantar
short spear
kantěn
kantěnanya because, therefore; that's why
kanti
(S) shine; flash; sparkle; beam
kāntun
left (alone); see antun; kāntuna will stay/remain behind
kantwa
(S) welfare
kandara
(S) grass; valley, ravine; cave
kandarpa
(S) 1. love. 2. another name for Kāma
kanděl
thick; many, much
kandhara
(S) neck
kanyā
(S) girl; young lady
kanyākā
(S) girl; young lady
kanyāgara
(S) dwelling-place/home for women
kanyāgṛha
(S) women's house; dwelling-place/home for women
kanyābhawa
(S) virginity
kanyābhawana
(S) dwelling-place/home for women
kanyawat
(S) to have a girl
kanyu
you
kapak
wing; clap/flap of wings; to clap/flap with the wings
kapan
when; how; kapana how
kapal
horse; kapakapalěn squeezed by horse

--- 111 ---

kapala
(S) half; part
kapāla
(S) head
kapalang
a little, a bit; inadequate, scanty
kapālī
(S) another name of Śiwa
kapö
1. ear; angapö to hear, to listen; pangapö sound; voice. 2. jaw
kapi
(S) monkey
kapiketu
(S) one who has a flag/banner with a monkey-motif/monkey figure (i.e., Arjuna)
kaping
kapingan litter, palanquin; mangapingi to surround
kapīndra
(S) king of the monkeys
kapipatih
(S) commander of the monkeys
kapipi
gift, present
kapibāla
(S) army of monkeys
kapirāja
(S) king of monkeys
kapirāt
(S) king of monkeys
kapilawarṇṇa
(S) reddish-brown colored
kapiśa
(S) brownish-red
kapīśwara
(S) king of monkeys
kapu
kumapu-kapu curly (haired)
kapua
see kapwa
kapuk
kapok (from the kapok-tree, Eriodendron unfructuosum)
kapundung
a fruit (Pierardia racemosa)
kaput
makaput stained, blamed
kapur
1. camphor (from Baros, Sumatra). 2. lime;

--- 112 ---

kinapur-kapuran whitewashed, plastered with lime
kapo
see kapwa
kapota
dove, pigeon
kapwa
all; together; also, too
kapwānakan
cousin
kaba
kaba-kaba 1. joke, fun. 2. reckless; exceedingly brave
kabayan
(village) messenger; village beadle
kabět
akabět narrow; unfit
kabeh
(kabaih) all; the whole; entirely; mangabehi to attack together; makabehan all (of them); kinabehan carried out together by all of them; kabehana will be distributed to all people
kām
we
kāma
(S) desire; love; passion; hope; pleasure; sperm; god of love; sakāma-kāma all desires
kamakāra
(S kāmakāra) to answer all questions, to meet all requests; blamable, blameworthy; amazing, odd, queer
kamaṇḍalu
(S) large earthen water-jar; water pitcher; jar
kāmatantra
(S) book of love (-making)
kāmātura
(S) pain/sorrow because of love; desire
kāmadewa
(S) god of love
kāmānala
(S) fire/flame of love
kamantyan
(S) meanwhile; then; henceforth; sakamantyan soon, directly; at the same moment
kāmabāṇa
(S) arrow of love
kāmamahotsawa
(S) celebration of engagement or betrothal

--- 113 ---

kāmamohita
(S) intoxicated with love
kāmarasa
(S) love and passion; joy/pleasure of flattering
kamal
tamarind tree
kamala
(S) lotus
kamalaka
a tree (Phyllanthus emblica L.)
kamalagi
acid
kamalajāstra
(S) Brahma's arrow
kamalayoni
(S) another name for Brahma
kāmalolya
(S kāmalaulya) desire to love
kāmaśara
(S) arrow of love
kāmaśāstra
(S) book of love
kāmena
before; in order to
kami
we
kāmī
(S kāmin) beloved man
kāminī
(S) beloved woman; girl; woman
kamiri
a tree (Aleurites triloba Forst.)
kamiris
mouse
kamu
you
kāmuka
(S) to fall in love
kamung
vocative form of kamu
kamuḍi
rudder, helm (of ship); steering wheel; makamuḍi provided with a rudder/helm
kamuning
a plant (Murraya sp.)
kampita
(S) to tremble; to shudder; earthquake
kampid
edge, bank, side; border, limit

--- 114 ---

kampil
bag, pocket; load; makampil to carry on one's breast; to carry on one's back
kambang
kumambang 1. to float, floating. 2. flower, blossom
kambala
(S) cloth of feathers; wool; kinambalan provided with woolen cloth
kambaligi
pakambaligi sir, master
kambing
goat
kamwāgan
nightshade; eggplant
kamwang
flower, blossom
kaya
1. akaya to work hard; makapangayāya to lean on; sakayakaya with might and main; with all one's might. 2. kaya to look like, to resemble. similar to
kāya
1. deed; work. 2. makāya strong. 3. (S) body
kayang
kumayang-kayang to be lucky
kakayang
bent
kāyawala
(S kāyabala) bodily strength
kāyawrddhi
(S) interest which is paid by working for it
kāyasangśosaṇa
(S) dried body
kayěn
a tree
kayu
tree; wood; kayu-kayu covered with many trees
kayuh
to catch, to seize, to grasp; angayuh to embrace; kumayuh to catch, to seize, to hold, to grasp; kayuhan ought to embrace (it, him, her)
kayop
priest, monk; hermit
kara
(S) 1. ray, beam; makara-kara to flash, to sparkle. 2. (S khara) donkey. 3. (S kara) finger. 4. tan kara continuous, incessant

--- 115 ---

karakal
gravel, pebbles; pinakakarakal regarded as gravel/pebbles; used as gravel/pebbles
karang
1. coral stone; karang-karang all animals living in a coral reef; coral (-like); karanga like coral reef. 2. angarang to yearn for; to long for; grudge, hate; mangarang to languish; sad, sorrowful; to love. 3. karang bali name of a flower. 4. karang-karang bouquet, nosegay. 5. karang hulu pillow
karangrang
name of a plant (Pterocarpus indicus)
karaca
a kind of shellfish
kāraṇa
(S) cause, reason; tool; because, on account of; makakāraṇa for, because, resulting in; kināraṇa caused (by)
karaṇarūpa
(S) in the form of a tool
karaṇḍa
(S) box; coffin
karatala
(S) 1. palm of the hand. 2. knife; see kṛtāla
karatalatāla
(S) hand-clapping; applause
karatkarat
name of a weapon
karapa
coconut; pakarapa wood-gatherer
karape
angarape to reach, to attain; to overflow; to splash, to rattle; splashing, rattling
karabha
(S) young elephant
karabhūṣaṇa
(S) bracelet, bangle
karaman
1. yard; garden. 2. angaraman to extend, to widen, to enlarge; to develop; to flower, to blossom; to mutiny, to rebel, to rise against
karamas
to wash, to shampoo
karamkam
to creep to and fro
karambalang
karambalangan loin-cloth; belt

--- 116 ---

karambha
(S) porridge, pap
kārayita
(S) urged to do something
kararas
dried banana-leaf
kararus
arrowroot; arrow-bud
karāla
(S) important; large, great; protruding; obvious; more
karālawadana
(S) to have a large mouth; to have a horrible face
karawang
mother pig, sow
karasak
makarasak to rustle, to hiss
karah
hoop, band; ring
karāhati
beat with the hand, hit with the fist
karěm
to sink, to be shipwrecked
kari
really, indeed
kari-kari
some-times; on the contrary, on the other hand
karika
indeed; also, too; subjective particle used for stress
kariki
really, indeed; also, too; subjective particle used for stress
karikil
gravel, pebbles; see karakal
karike
see kari
kāritāwṛddhi
(S) very high interest offered by the debtor himself
karin
indeed, really
karih
see kari
karuk
name of a plant
karung
wild pig, boar; male (wild pig)

--- 117 ---

karuṇa
(S) pity, mercy, compassion, sympathy
karuṇātmaka
(S) to have pity on, to feel (sorry) for
karuṇi
(S) pity, mercy
kāruṇya
(S) pity, mercy; humanity
karuṇyabuddhi
(S) ready/willing to help; humane
karuṇyawacana
(S) compassionate/sympathetic words
karutuk
angarutuk to crack, cracking
kārun
with; together with; accompanied by
karenu
(S) male elephant
karenukā
(S) female elephant
karka
(S) white; white horse
karkkaṭa
(S) crab
karkkaśa
(S) hard; cruel; rough
karkkolakā
(S karloṭaka) name of a tree
karṇṇa
(S) ear
karṇṇānta
(S) will be heard by you; learn it, hear it, listen!
karṇṇadhara
(S) student, pupil
karṇṇapura
(S) ear-ornament (consisting of flowers)
karṇṇabhāraṇa
(S) ear-ornament
karṇṇabhūsaṇa
(S) ear-ornament
karṇṇamanahara
(S) pleasant to hear; pleasing to the ear
karṇṇamūla
(S) inner ear
karṇṇaweṣṭana
(S) ear-drop, earring
karṇṇaśūla
(S) unpleasant to hear, not pleassing to the ear

--- 118 ---

karṇṇikā
(S) ear-ornament
karṇṇikara
(S) name of a flower (Pterospermum aceum folium); see kanigara
karṇṇendriya
(S) listening tool; ear
kārttika
(S) name of month
karddama
(S) dirt, refuse, filth; stain; unclean (ritually)
kārpaṇya
(S) stingy, avaricious
karmma
(S karmman) 1. action, deed; work; merit; service; victim; number of good and evil deeds; akarmman to finish; pakarmmakna will be carried out for the sake of somebody else. 2. husband; akarmma engaged: married, to marry; to have as one's husband
karmmakara
(S) to work for someone else
karmmaṇya
(S) clever; industrious, diligent
karmmadoṣa
(S) sinful deed
karmmapiṇḍa
(S) to earn a living by one's work
karmmaphala
(S) result/fruit of one's deeds
karmmabhūmi
(S) workshop; workroom; work area
kārmmuka
(S) archer's bow
karmmendriya
(S) genitalia
karyya
(S) work; function; opportunity; occasion; marriage; purpose, goal; akaryya to do; to work
karwwa
1. two; with; mangarwwani to use both/two; to divide into two halves; see rwa. 2. ant
karṣaṇatanaya
(S) son of Baladewa
karhi
(S) when
kalā
(S) snare, noose, lasso; angalā to snare (birds), to wire (hares), to make fall into a trap;

--- 119 ---

kinalān snared, wired
kala
(S) ill, wicked; evil spirit; evil creature; giant, demon; mean, humble; kalā perhaps wicked, may be evil
kahalā
(S) a musical wind instrument
kāla-kāla
a percussion instrument
kāla
(S) 1. time; akāla occurred, taken place; makāla when; makakāla during. 2. a demon-like creature. 3. another name for Śiwa
kalakā
water
kalakala
(S) commotion; uproar; makala-kala to make a great fuss; to make noise
kalakah
kinalakah covered
kālakṣepa
(S) to have lost time
kālāgni
(S) mortal fire, fatal fire
kalang
1. akalangan to turn round, to wheel round, to rotate; pakalangan circle; kalangan circle; arena. 2. name of a social rank; carpenter
kalangka
(S) stain; spot, speck; rust; see kalěngka
kalangkang
pakalangkang musician
kalangkyang
a kind of eagle
kalaci
(S kalācika) spoon
kalajana
(S khalajana) miscreant, criminal
kaladeśa
(S) time and place; angaladeśa to commit a crime/an evil deed; mangaladeśa to look for a chance/an opportunity; kinaladeśa attacked, ambushed
kalādhama
(S khalādama) mean demon; ill/evil and mean
kalana
demon; false; criminal, miscreant
kalananātha
demon-king

--- 120 ---

kālāntaka
(S) god of death
kālāntara
(S) after some time; after this; afterwards; set back; postponement; angālāntarākěn to invest (money), to put out at interest; kumālāntaranana to ask for postponement
kalapa
coconut
kalāpī
(S kalāpin) peacock
kalabha
(S) young elephant
kālāmṛtyu
(S) god of death
kalambi
cloth, coat; akalambi to wear a cloth/coat
kālāmra
(S) a tree
kalaya
angalaya to try to reach/attain; to look for everywhere
kalayu
a fruit (Eryglossum edule Bl.)
kalarawa
(S) weak call
kālarūpa
(S) appearance of a demon; having the form of a demon
kalāwatāra
(S) incarnation of the god of death
kālawadana
(S) with a black face; with a bad/ugly face
kālawaśa
quick death
kālāwasāna
(S) god of death
kalaśa
(S) large earthen water-jar
kalaśā
(sleeping-)mat
kalaśangka
percussion instrument
kalaśaya
(S) another name of Agastya
kalas
a plant wich produces red coloring-matter

--- 121 ---

kalasā
bed; lounge-chair; angalasā to use a mat; kinalasan covered (with a mat); see kalaśā
kalaha
(S) 1. discussion. 2. percussion instrument
kalahangsa
(S) a kind of goose or duck
kalěngka
(S) stain; evil creature
kali
1. river; pakalyan ferry; kalyan river; gutter, ditch. 2. age of iron; fourth period
kalinga
to be in enmity with
kalib
1. to overflow. 2. akalib to refuse; to tarry, to linger; to fail
kalis
not to feel; not hit (by); akalis invulnerable
kalih
two; both; akalihan both; kakalih two
kalihasěm
a fruit (Jambosa cauliflora)
kaluku
kinaluku wetted, dampened; kalukuněn ought to be wetted
kalung
chain; akalung to wear a chain; kumalung-kalung to put a chain on somebody's neck; to twist
kalula
family; angalula-lula to have a family; kalula-lula relations; members of a family
kalulut
mangalulut to call; to cry; to lament
kaluṣa
(S) dirty; unclean (ritually); soiled; angaluṣa to dirty
kalus
angalusa to take shelter; to take refuge; pangalusan evacuation, refuge, asylum
kalpa
(S) time; period
kalpataru
(S) wishing-tree
kalpadruma
(S) wishing-tree
kalpaśastra
(S) guide/key to pharmacology

--- 122 ---

kalpika
circle, surrounding; ring; angalpika to honor; pangalpika homage, mark of honor
kalmāṣawarna
(S) colored with black dots; with black dots
kālya
(S) dawn
kalyāga
a red coloring-matter
kalyāṇa
(S) fine, beautiful; splendid
kalyāṇamitra
(S) good friend
kalyan
all; the whole; several, various
kalwang
bat (animal)
kawa
vexed; embarrassed; frightened, startled
kawa-kawa
flaming tree; fire-light
kawaca
(S) iron armor; akawaca to wear armor
kawat
1. wire. 2. thrown away
kawadi
secret
kawan
four; anakawan to be four (persons); panakawan servant
kawandha
(S) headless body, trunk; angawandha like a body/trunk
kawaya
gall, bile
kawara
visible
kawali
a large earthen pot
kawaśa
capable; angawaśākěn to reign over; to have at one's disposal; to rule, to govern, to command; kakawaśa ruled, governed; compelled, forced; kumawaśākěn to rule, to govern, to have at one's disposal
kawah
hell; cooking-pot; kakawaha as if thrown into hell

--- 123 ---

kawěr
(kawör) attracted; akawör to pay attention, to mind, to care for, to care about
kawěs
shy; frightened; startled
kawi
(S) poet
kakawin
poem, verse
kawit
1. hook; angawit to hook on; hooked on. 2. kawitan ancestors, parents; father; makawitan to have as father; towards father
kawitarkka
(S) invention in the arts
kawindra
(S) king of poets; great poet
kawya
(S) poem, verse; see kakawin
kawiraja
(S) king of poets; great poet
kawirasa
(S) song of a poet
kawil
kinawil pulled, drawn; seized, grasped, caught; silih-kawil to catch each other; to pull at one another
kawiwara
(S) best poet; excellent poet
kāwīśwara
(S) great poet
kawista
a tree (Feronia elephantum)
kawih
clever, skillful, capable; kumawih to consider oneself skillful; kinawih expert, capable; kawihamu you ought to be capable
kawuk
angawuk-awuk to cry loudly, to shout aloud
kawung
arenga-palm leaf; kinawung-kawung drawn with a kawung- motif; tepung kawung arenga-palm powder
kawuntěn
people; official; see kawula (p. xii)
kaweni
a kind of mango (Jav. kuweni)
kāśita
(S) famous, well known
kaśmala
(S) dirty, unclean (ritually); sinful; sin

--- 124 ---

kaṣṭa
(S) evil, bad, wicked; rough; very; exceedingly; tragic; annoying
kas
akas hard; strong; tough; stiff
kasang
bag, pocket
kasay
ointment, salve
kasut
angasut to shake, to shuffle (cards), to mix (liquids); to attack; kinasut attacked; gathered; covered; shaken, shuffled, mixed; pakasutan bed
kasub
well known, famous
kasop
less; too little, too few; to diminish, to decrease
kasturi
civet (animal)
kāhala
(S) large drum
kahi
not to mention; kahinyan perhaps, may be
kahin
cloth
kahur
to pay attention, to mind; tan kahur not to mind, not to care for; masa kahura how is it possible that one will care about it?
kahulun
hammer, knocker
kěkěr
makěkěr surrounded, locked up, imprisoned; covered; mangěkěri to hamper, to hinder; kiněkěr covered; kept secret; kěkěran prohibition, taboo
kěkěl
akěkěl to roar with laughter
kěkěs
akěkěs to hide, to conceal; to keep, to preserve; kiněkěs kept, preserved; pakěkěs place to preserve/to reserve; form, figure
kěkö
pangěkö trap; instrument for catching animals or fish
kěcap
to open and close the lips; word; sound, voice; makěcap to smack the lips
kějěp
wink (of the eyes); to sleep; makějěp to sleep;

--- 125 ---

pakějěpan bed
kěñar
ray, beam; kuměñar to shine, to sparkle; kiněñarakěn irradiated
kěñěp
wind; to taste (something); angěñěp to desire
kěṭi
(S) one hundred thousand
kěṭul
dull, blunted, blunt
kěṭok
to cut; kiněṭok cut off
kěḍap
to sparkle, to gleam, to shine; to glitter; wink (of the eyes); akěḍap-kěḍap every time, every moment, again and again; kuměḍap to flash; kiněḍapan get a wink (of the eyes)
kěḍěk
kiněḍěk-kěḍěk scorched, singed
kěḍěpěk
angěḍěpěk to fall in a sitting position; mangěḍěpěk noisy
kěḍi
castrated man; nurse
kěḍik
akěḍik a little, a bit; small
kěḍuk
angěḍuk to scoop out
kěḍung
whirlpool; depth (under water); kěḍungan whirlpool; depth (under water)
kěḍep
wink (of the eyes); kuměḍep-kěḍep to blink one's eyes
kěṇṭong
percussion instrument of bamboo (for announcing)
kěṇḍang
drum
kěṇḍat
suicide; to hang oneself
kěṇḍal
thick grease
kěṇḍěng
sinew, muscle; long; kuměṇḍěng to look at; to stand in a row
kěṇḍit
belt, band (used by women)

--- 126 ---

kěṇḍu
kěkěṇḍon free from, relieved, discharged
kěṇḍung
kuměṇḍung to look at
kěta
(kětā) emphatic word
kětab
akětab-kětab to beat repeatedly
kětas
beside, aside
kětěg
kětěkětěg pulse; heartbeat, palpitation (of the heart); kětěkětěgěn to be frightened every moment; kumětěg to curse; to explode
kětěr
title; akětěran to shudder, to tremble; kumětěr to shudder, to tremble; kakětěran anxious, afraid, to have fear, uneasy; frightened
kětug
to shake; to rumble; kumětug to rumble
kědal
kumědal to tremble
kědö
necessity, duty; akědö-kědö to compel, to force, to oblige; kumědö to compel, to force
kědut
akědut to tremble; to beat (pulse); kumědut to beat, to palpitate; to move
kěna
hit (by); precisely; angěna to hit; kiněnan hit by; pikěna purpose, goal
kěnas
deer; game, quarry
kěnöp
fine, beautiful
kěnoh
exactly, efficient, correct, fitting, just, suitable; pangěnoha will be considered correct
kěpang
angěpang to surround, to enclose
kěpěk
wing; makěpěk to clap/flap the wings; kiněpěkan beaten into pieces
kěpět
fan
kěpěr
1. name of a fish. 2. angěpěr to flutter, to squirm; to turn round, to wheel round; mangěpěr to flutter, to squirm

--- 127 ---

kěpěl
akěpěl to eat breakfast; kěpěkěpěl breakfast; kěpěl-kěpěl lump of rice as large as a fist
kěpö
mangěpö to turn
kěpus
akěpus wet humid
kěpuh
name of a tree (Sterculia foetida L.)
kěbak
full; attack; angěbak to attack, to hop
kěběk
full; to overflow; angěběkana will fulfil, will overflow
kěbět
kěbět-kěbět, kakěbět to flutter with the wings
kěběs
wet, humid
kěbu
kuměbu-kěbu in heaps
kěbur
mangěbur to throw into water; kiněbur stirred
kěbus
scorched; warm; blow; angěbusi to scorch, to burn; n pangěbusan when it blows
kěbo
buffalo
kěbyar
to crackle, to grate
kěbwan
garden, court, yard
kěm
(köm) maköm to soak
kěmah
angěmah to threaten; kiněmah chewed; kěkěmahan what has been chewed; chewed betel/sugarcane
kěměng
akěměng painfully tired; gnawing pain
kěměh
angěměh to stain
kěmit
watch; akěmit to watch
kěmul
blanket; cover; akěmul wrapped in a blanket; kiněmulan covered
kěmpěl
kiněmpěl gathered
kěmbang
1. flower; akěmbang to get flowers; mangěmbangi to give flowers.

--- 128 ---

2. hulu kěmbang hermit
kěmbar
twin; pair, duo; angěmbari to imitate precisely, to equal; to repay/requite with the same; to compete, to rival; to do the same thing
kěmběng
inundation; mangěmběng to inundate; kuměmběng stagnant, to remain standing (somewhere); kiněmběng stopped, detained, arrested
kěmbur
akěmburan to splash/spatter about
kěmbul
akěmbulan together; mangěmbuli to attack together
kěra
monkey
kěrak
(krak) makrak to cry, to shout; to moan, to howl; to cheer; kinrakan cheered; pakrak yell, scream
kěrap
makěrap to run (away)
kěrab
(krab) angěrab to rock, to shake, to swing; to move again and again
kěral
(kral) akral strong; akral-akral very strong
kěras
(kras) makras hard
kěrěkět
kuměrěkět to ring
kěrěcěk
akěrěcěk to hum, to buzz, to boom; akěrěcěkan to splash, to rattle; makakěrěcěk to splash, to rattle; to giggle; kakěrěcěk to crack, cracking
kěrěcik
(krěcik) jingling; kakrěcik to jingle
kěrět
(krět) cut; kuměrět to cut
kěrětěg
makakěrětěg to crack, cracking
kěrětug
akěrětugan to roar, to thunder
kěrětog
to roar, to thunder
kěrěp
(krěp) mass, common people; akrěp thick, compact, close together; kinrěpan covered

--- 129 ---

kěrěpěk
makakěrěpěk jostling one another; to be crowded out
kěrěb
kěrěban winding-sheet
kěrěm
(krěm) akrěm to flower, to blossom; akrěm-krěm dark; gloomy
kěri
(kri) akri itching; funny
kěrik
(krik) akrik to yell, to cry; kiněrik scratched
kěrig
(krig) akrig to come in crowds
kěring
(kring) kěringana although dry and fallow
kěrug
(krug) thunder, roar
kěrut
(krut) kumrut wrinkled
kěl
(köl) curve, bow, bend; angölakěn to suffer, to bear; to embrace; kuměl afraid; sad, silent; annoyed, grieved; to bow, to bend, to stoop; kölakěn bend it! embrace! tatar kěl not to break; unbreakable
kěla
ripe, cooked; makěla cooked food; a cook; kiněla(n) cooked; pangěla kitchen; cooked food; prakěla a cook
kělat
makělata in order to take courage
kělab
(klab) to wave, to fly (flag); mangělabělab to fly (flag); to sparkle; kumlab to fly (flag); to tremble; to sparkle
kělar
(klar) aklar strong; mighty, powerful; brave, audacious, bold
kělěg
angělěgi to push
kělěpu
name of a tree
kělěb
(klěb) kumlěbakěn to sink, to make sink, to immerse
kělěm
to sink; akělěm to sink
kělěwung
steep

--- 130 ---

kěli
kěli-kělin fatigued; frightened
kělik
sparrow
kěling
1. half silk. 2. a kind of troop of soldiers
kělit
akělit to have; to have in one's power; to rule, to govern, to control
kělir
screen; partition; kiněliran separated by a screen; sapakěliran separated by a screen
kělu
fatigued; dizzy; with one's head bent down
kělut
akělut old
kěluh
nose-ring
kěle
(kle) akěle neglected; tar akěle not to care for, not to mind
kěwak
name of a bird
kěwang
(kwang) akwang stiff
kěsah
angěsah to sigh; pangěsah complaint
kěsěl
akěsěl fatigued; tired; kakěsělan exhausted
kěsěh
rustling, hissing
kög
makög to snore, to snort; pakög snoring
köl
see kěl
ki
honorific address, polite address
kik
akik to cry, to yell; to lament; makik to cry, to yell; to lament
kikat
akikat to cry
kikik
angikikan to roar with laughter; to giggle
kikir
kinikir filed
kikis
limit, boundary; angikis to lie on one's breast; mangikis to the boundary; pakikis hedge; boundary; maker of boundaries

--- 131 ---

kikuk
akikuk awkward; queer, odd
king
aking dry; kakingan dried up
kingking
sad, sorrowful; desirous; akingking to languish; kumingking to think of; kakingkingan sad; kingkingan worth being worried about
kingkin
anxious, worried
kingśuka
(S kimśuka) a plant (Butea frondosa)
kicik
kumicik scorched, burned, dry
kicipir
angicipir to twist
kicir
1. basket. 2. kumicir to flow out (of)
kiñam
kiniñam tasted
kiñjěng
dragonfly
kiṭa
(S) worm; insect
kiṭung
stiff; awkward
kiḍampěl
akiḍampělan to embrace each other
kiḍal
south; angiḍal to go to the south
kiḍupuh
akiḍupuh to sit decently (with the legs crossed); makiḍupuh same as akiḍupuh
kiṇḍayut
see kindayut
kita
you
kitir
kitiran a kind of balloon
kidang
deer; angidang-idang to loiter, to wander about; makidang-kidangan to hop
kidat
akidat to trample down, to tread on; to move; to struggle, to resist; makidat-kidatan to kick each other, to tread upon each other
kidung
melody; song; mangidung to sing; kinidung sung

--- 132 ---

kidul
south; angidul to go to the south; pangidul southern side
kina
former; old; kina-kina in former times; formerly
kinang
a betel-quid, betel-chew
kinkin
ardent attempt; kininkin noticed, perceived, observed, watched; kinkiněn it ought to be tried seriously
kintu
(S) but, however
kintrang
kintrang-kintrang confused
kindayut
pinch; embrace; squeeze; akindayutan to coil round; to enclose; makindayut to stick to; kumindayut to embrace
kinnara
(S) a creature half-human and half-bird; a kind of flute; manuk kinnara a creature with a human body and bird's head; makinnara to play the flute
kinnaragana
(S) group of kinnaras
kinnarī
(S) female kinnara
kinnarendra
(S) king of kinnaras
kipah
kinipahan covered
kipěl
thick
kiping
1. side, rim, edge; makakiping to border on, to verge on; kipingan wing. 2. a delicacy
kipit
(S) akipit quickly, hastily, in a hurry
kipū
akipū to play with earth
kiput
akiput to resist; to avert; to ward off; to urge, to push
kim
(S) what?
kimapi
(S) but, however

--- 133 ---

kimuta
(S) not to mention; even; moreover; what is more
kimulu
mangimulu to beat incessantly
kimpěl
kinimpělakěn melted (together), forged
kimpuruṣa
(S) dwarf; teaser, tormentor
kimpuruṣādirajā
(S) king of dwarfs
kimpuruṣapati
(S) king of dwarfs
kimpuruṣendra
(S) king of dwarfs
kimprabhu
(S) tyrant; cruel king
kimburu
jealous, envious
kimśuka
(S) name of a plant (Butea frondosa)
kira
about; tool; invention, splendid idea; some; akira-kira to do the same as, to imitate; to ponder on, to invent, to think of; makira-kira to think of, to make a plan; kumira-kira to deceive, to make a fool of; kinira-kira vexed, tormented; plunged into a disaster
kiraṇa
(S) ray, beam, shine; moon; kakiraṇan lightened, irradiated
kirāṭa
(S) tradesman, merchant
kirāta
(S) hunter
kirātarūpadhara
(S) to have the appearance/figure/shape of a hunter
kiratbāhu
see kilatbāhu
kirab
a flash of light; akirab to stretch out/to extend the wings; to flutter, to wave
kirik
young dog
kirig
akirig to tremble; akirig-kirig to shake oneself; makirig to rub, to rinse, to clean
kiriñcing
jingling, tick

--- 134 ---

kirīṭi
(S kirīṭin) another name for Arjuna
kirim
angirim to send
kiriwili
cloth, cotton
kiris
akiris to sparkle; smooth; fine
kirih
akirih to look for a way out
kirṇṇa
garden
kīrṇṇa
(S) spread, scattered; many, much: kīrṇṇa-kīrṇṇa scattered everywhere
kīrtti
(S) deed; merit; good deed; benefit; benefaction; memorial monument; akīrtti meritorious; to give good services; makīrtti to build up, to erect
kīrttipustaka
(S) book on religious buildings
kila
(S) 1. clear; obvious. 2. kinila-kila to humiliate, to disdain; to lower
kilā
akilā to glitter, to sparkle, to shine
kilang
fermented drink of palm-sugar
kilañja
(S) mat, sleeping-mat
kilat
a flash of lighting; akilat to flash, to sparkle, to shine; to contain a flash of lighting; kumilat-kilat to glitter, to gleam; kinilatan as if swallowed by lightning
kilatbāhu
arm-bracelet; akilatbāhu to wear bracelets on one's arms
kilan
1. shine, glitter, sparkle. 2. span (unit of measure from the tip of the thumb to the little finger); sakilan one span
kilala
angilala to gather; mangilala to look for; to ask; to request; to penetrate; to rob
kili
female hermit; mapakili to become a female hermit

--- 135 ---

kilip
kumilip to flicker; small creature
kilil
angilil alone; angililan left alon
kilusuh
fatigued, tired, exhausted
kilen
west; mangilen to the west; see kilyan
kilyan
west
kiwā
left (side); angiwā to the left; mangiwākěn to put on the left side; pangiwa wrong
kiwat
call; kiniwat twanged (a plucked musical instrument)
kiwěl
akiwěl close together; dense; thick
kiwi
akikiwi to live; kikiwi (kiwi-kiwi) tent; home
kiwik
snout; bill, beak
kiwul
makiwula will fight
kīśa
(S) monkey
kisat
shake, wave; angisatakěn to shake, to wave, to dust
kisapu
lap; to hold (something) on one's lap; angisapu to sit with elbows leaning on something; makisapwan to sit with elbows leaning on something; kumisapu to hold something on one's lap
kisik
1. ridge, rim edge, side. 2. sound, voice; akisikisik commotion; kumisik noisy; to crackle, to grate. 3. kikisik a group of hills of sand
kisut
akisut wrinkled, wrinkly
kihal
strength; akihal strong; hard
kihū
makihū tight, tightly stretched; stiff
ku
I; see ngku
kukang
a kind of monkey
kukarma
(S kukarman) criminality, crime; evil deed

--- 136 ---

kukud
akukud 1. to separate, to spread; to end, to finish; to go. 2. angukud to tidy up
kukup
to pick (up); kumukup to grasp, to seize; to embrace; kinukup picked; gathered; tan pakukupan irretrievable, irrevocable; unpardonable, unforgivable
kukub
blanket; akukub covered with a blanket
kukur
akukur 1. to scratch; to wipe smoothly. 2. kumukur to flow out of; to run over to overflow
kukura
1. as large as; like a turtle/tortoise. 2. (S kukkura) dog
kukul
body
kukus
smoke, fume, steam, vapor; akukus with smoke/fume/steam/vapor; kumukus to fume, to give off vapor; to steam; to rise in clouds; kukusan steaming-basket
kukuh
firm, solid, strong; hard; angukuhi to defend firmly; angukuhana will stand firm/persist to the utmost
kukṣi
(S) stomach, intestines
kung
(kūng) sadness, sorrow; akung sad, sorrowful; to long for, to desire; makung to fall in love
kungkang
toad, frog; angungkang like the sound of a toad
kungkung
circle, surrounding; angungkung to surround, to encircle; kinungkung encircled, enclosed, surrounded
kucak
kumucak to applaud, to clap one's hands; to sound
kucěm
pale; makucěm pale; unconscious
kucup
1. bud, sprout; akucup to bud, to sprout. 2. mangucupi to attack; kumucup to attack; to jump; kinucupan hunted, chased

--- 137 ---

kucupak
makakucupak to splash (rhythmically) in the water
kucur
to stream, to pour; kumucur to stream, to pour
kujana
(S) scoundrel, miscreant, criminal; humble or mean person
kujanmatraya
(S) three low classes of people
kujiwat
angujiwat to give a sign/wink with one's eyes
kujur
the whole, all
kuñit
curcuma, turmeric
kuñcak
see kucak
kuñcang
kumuñcang to shake
kuñci
(S kuñika) key
kuñcita
(S) locked
kuñcir
pigtail; makuñcir to wear a pigtail
kuñjadeśa
(S) region/area covered with bushes
kuñjara
(S) elephant
kuñjaradeśa
(S) a region of South India, dwelling-place of Agastya
kuñjěng
short; not to grow; akuñjěngan short
kūṭa
(S) fortress; rampart, entrenchment; akuṭa defended with a fortress/rampart/entrenchment
kuṭa
(S gūdha) occult, esoteric; secret, hidden
kuṭaka
(S) refuse, dirt, filth
kuṭaja
(S) remedy/medicine for diarrhoea
kuṭara
(S kuṭhāra) axe
kuṭawara
(S) strong fortress

--- 138 ---

kuṭasākṣi
(S kūṭasākṣin) false witness; perjury
kuṭi
(S) 1. hermitage. 2. arch; bow; bent; akakuṭi to be bent; to make a turn/curve
kuṭila
(S) wicked, bad, evil, false; not upright
kuṭilakeśa
(S) curly hair; curl
kuṭuk
kinuṭuk beaten, blown
kuṭumba
(S) family
kuṭumbi
(S kuṭumbinī) wife
kuḍampěl
akuḍampělan to embrace one another; anguḍampěl to embrace tightly
kuḍuk
toad, frog
kuṇapa
(S) corpse; carrion, cadaver
kuṇaparwiwata
(S) hill of corpses; heap of cadavers
kuṇapabhakṣana
(S) corpse-eater
kuṇṭing
(S) small; kukuṇṭingan small boat
kuṇḍa
(S) 1. fireplace; water tank, cistern; kuṇḍa-kuṇḍa censer, thurible. 2. to keep, to preserve; kuṇḍan ought to be preserved
kuṇḍang
adherent, follower; makuṇḍang to follow
kuṇḍala
(S) ring; ear-drop, earring; pinakakuṇḍala used as earrings
kuṇḍalī
(S kuṇḍalin) snake
kuṇḍaśa
(S) a kind of weapon
kuṇḍah
akuṇḍah to fall on the earth; to tumble down on the earth
kuṇḍi
(S) water pitcher
kuṇḍika
(S) small water pitcher
kuṇḍur
pumpkin

--- 139 ---

kut
1. skin. 2. hulled rice; unhulled rice
kutanaya
(S) wicked child
kutěk
sakutěk a little, a bit
kutis
1. a kind of beetle living on dirt and refuse. 2. to come back, to return; to repeat
kutak
kumutak to beat, to hit
kutung
flame, glow; kumutung to flame
kutupuk
a bird
kutūhala
(S) pleasure, joy, amusement; attention
kuda
horse; pakuda coachman, driver; reporter; pakudan stable
kudang
beloved, darling, dear; to pet, to spoil; kinudang petted; kudang-kudangěn to tell a story with all kinds of praise/eulogy
kuding
kuding-kuding game
kudu
1. to yearn for, to desire strongly. 2. to crave something which is unattainable, however great the desire
kudung
akudung-kudung covered
kudyat
makudyat to grapple, to sprawl; to boil, to seethe
kuna
formerly
kunang
but; then; however; furthermore; it is said, people say, they say; kunang tāpan but; because
kunang-kunang
firefly
kuněng
see kunang
kuning
yellow; akuning to be yellow; yellow-colored
kunir
curcuma, turmeric; kunirěn yellowish like tumeric

--- 140 ---

kuntul
heron
kunte
to pluck, pick
kundul
kundul-kundul hesitating; doubtful
kūpa
(S) well, source; ditch; hollow, pit, hole; pakūpan bathing place
kupak
1. cut, break; kumupak to break. 2. ingupak with a piece torn off
kupatay
used rice-plate, thrown away rice-plate
kupi
(S kūpi) well; water source
kupik
hand-clapping; akupik to clap one's hands
kupu
kupu-kupu butterfly
kuprabhu
(S) tyrant; cruel king
kubon
garden; see kubwan
kubwan
garden
kubhāṇḍa
(S kumbhāṇḍa) a kind of giant
kubhukti
(S) rotten food; bad food
kum
kinum bathed
kumāra
(S) children; young man
kumāralalitā
(S) sweetheart of a young man; very beautiful woman; name of a verse form
kumārī
(S) girl; young woman
kumārīpura
(S) dwelling-place of girls
kuměd
(kumöd) close together; akuměd avaricious, stingy
kumör
destroyed
kumis
moustache
kumuda
(S) white lotus

--- 141 ---

kumul
left-handed; sad, distressed
kumuhūrta
(S) unlucky time, unlucky moment
kumkuma
(S) curcuma, turmeric
kumba
kinumba provided with a bracelet
kumbang
beetle; angumbang to hum, to buzz
kumbah
makumbah to wash
kumbi
stubborn, rebellious; not to want to raise one's voice; to ignore, to deny
kumbu
kumumbu nearly unfolded, nearly open; kumumbu-kumbu nearly ripe
kumbha
(S) 1. cooking-pot; large earthen water-jar; water pitcher. 2. head of an elephant
kumbhakāra
(S) maker of earthenware/pottery
kumbhakāraśāla
(S) place of earthenware fabrication
kumbhāṇḍa
(S) giant; a ghost
kumbhayoni
(S) another name for Agastya
kumbhīra
(S) crocodile
kumyus
to flow, to stream; to blow
kumwa
suddenly; clever, obvious; so; in this way
kuya
that(one); see kuyang
kuyaka
woodpecker
kuyang
1. that(one). 2. name of a tree (Cassia mimosoides). 3. akuyang worried, uneasy, anxious; kuyang-kuyang uneasy, worried
kuyan
contents; load
kuyap
nutshell
kuyaśa
(S) dishonorable, discreditable

--- 142 ---

kuyěng
akuyěngan to whirl round; to wheel round, to turn round
kuyu
akuyu-kuyu 1. to flow, to stream. 2. an pakukuyu to crow
kura
turtle, tortoise
kūra
kinūra dirtied, soiled
kurang
1. less; to decrease, to diminish. 2. pangurang kring hermit, priest
kurañji
name of a tree (Dialum indum L.)
kurañjya
name of a tree (Cynometra cauliflora)
kuraṇṭa
name of a tree (Pterocarpus indicus)
kuratil
makakuratil to hang everywhere
kurapas
a side-dish
kurambat
to creep (along)
kurawa
red lotus
kurawung
a side-dish
kurah
akurah 1. to wash. 2. kurahan a side-dish
kurěn
wife; akurěn to marry; makurěn-kurěn to make love; to have sexual intercourse
kurěb
to lie on one's breast, on one's front
kuriñjěm
name of a thorny tree
kuris
makuris to shave
kurū
akurū thin, meagre
kurukṣetra
(S) battlefield of the Korawas and the Pandawas in the Mahābhārata epic
kurukṣetramaṇḍala
(S) the county/field of Kuru kurug; suit of armor

--- 143 ---

kurugěm
mangurugěm to chirp
kurung
akurung surrounded, enclosed; kinurung encircled, enclosed; kurungan cage, cover
kurucuk
makakurucuk to ring, to jingle
kurutug
makakurutug 1. together; kakurutug together. 2. kinurutug pursued by a crowd
kurutut
angurutut to tremble with fear
kurupak
hand-clapping; kakurupak to clap one's hands; to splash in the water rhythmically when bathing
kurupati
(S) king of Korawas
kurupuk
a delicacy, fried chips
kurubut
kinurubut overwhelmed, attacked by superior forces
kurumbhagi
a knife
kurcyat
makurcyat pinched, squeezed
kūrmma
(S) turtle, tortoise
kūrmmāwatara
(S) Wiṣṇu's incarnation as a turtle
kūl
snail
kula
(S) descendant; caste; makula-kula of noble birth, descendant of nobility; kinula-śuddha to get promoted; promoted
kūla
(S) edge, rim, side
kulagiri
(S) main peak; highest peak of a chain of mountains
kulagotra
(S) family; sakulagotra all relations
kulaja
kakulajan of noble birth, descendant of nobility
kulamitra
(S) fellow descendant; relative
kulampak
a tree (Jambara alba)

--- 144 ---

kulāla
(S) maker of pottery
kulawangśaja
(S) good descendant, good generation
kulawandha
(S kulabandha) family
kulawir
akulawirān hanging loose, hanging down
kulasěntana
(S kulasāntana) descendant, generation
kulěm
night, by night
kūli
makūli to know
kulit
skin
kulīna
(S) noble; noble descendant, noble generation
kulīnajanma
(S) of noble birth
kulīnawangśa
(S) of noble birth
kulimis
akulimis slippery
kulirangan
the kutilang bird
kuliling
akulilingan to go round, to wander about; angulilingi to surround, to enclose, to encircle
kuliśa
(S) axe
kuliśadhara
(S) another name for Indra
kulu
a river fish
kulub
kinulub boiled; kuluban boiled vegetables
kuluma
a river fish; see kulu
kulumur
soiled with stains
kulumpang
mortar, rice-pounder; place for pounding/hulling rice; long-shaped mortar
kulurak
a tree (Amomum aculcatum)
kuluwung
anguluwung to roar, to howl (storm)
kule
makule to sleep; pakulen bed

--- 145 ---

kulon
see kulwan
kulyat
mangulyat to twist, to wriggle, to squirm (with pain)
kulwan
west; angulwan to the west
kuwang
a tree
kuwara
(S kūbara) tree; pole
kuwal
makuwal strong
kuwalaya
(S) blue lotus
kuwastra
(S) bad cloth
kuwaha
(S) evil/wicked/bad woman
kuwiwaha
(S) marriage with a person of lower caste
kuwu
1. fish-trap; entrenchment; bivouac; pakuwon dwelling-place, home; quarter. 2. akuwu village head
kuwuk
1. an owl. 2. hole; military tent; makuwung with a hole, there is a hole; sakuwung fellow inhabitant of a hole/trench. 3. kuwung-kuwung rainbow
kuwong
owl
kūwyāpāra
(S) crime, wicked deed, evil deed, sinful deed
kuwwang
peacock; panguwwang the sound of a peacock
kuśa
(S) grass; tall grass
kuśa
(kusa) akuśa to moan, to lament; makuśa anxious, worried, uneasy
kuśagra
(S) tip of a blade of grass; tip of a blade of kuśa- grass
kuśadwipa
(S) grass-island
kuśara
(S) a kind of grass

--- 146 ---

kuśala
(S) experienced; in accordance with, according to; healty; firm; good, meritorious
kuśalakarmma
(S) good deed, virtuous deed
kuśalamūla
(S) because of one's good will/good heart
kuśalaśālā
(S) hospital
kūṣa
(S kuṣ) 1. to pull; to tear; to press; kakūṣan fulfilled. 2. angūṣa to embrace
kuṣṭa
(S kuṣṭha) leprosy; scabies; kuṣṭan scabby
kuṣyara
side, flank
kusāra
angusara convinced; makusāra responsible; see akusāra
kusah
makusah sad, sorrowful; distressed, troubled
kusik
akusikan uneasy, worried, anxious; pakusikan anxiety, worry; see usik
kusu
anguswakěn 1. to bring to the fore; to utter; to suggest. 2. anguswan to make fire by rubbing two pieces of wood against one another
kusut
akusut dark; makusut wrinkled; pakukusut a kind of fine/penalty
kusuma
(S) flower; angusuma to make a sacrifice with flowers
kusumaśapa
(S) those who use flowers as arrows; another name for Kāma
kusumadruma
(S) a tree
kusumabhawana
(S) dwelling place of the god Kāma
kusumawicitra
(S) various kinds of flowers; bouquet, nosegay; name of a verse form
kusumatajanma
(S) noble man; glorious/illustrious man; name of a verse meter
kusumesu
(S) another name for Kāma; see kusumaśapa

--- 147 ---

kusuh
to rustle, to hiss; to crackle, to grate; kumusuh to rustle, to hiss
kusyaraga
a red coloring-matter
kuhaka
(S) criminal, miscreant
kuhara
(S) hole, cave
kuhira
ungrateful, thankless, not thankful
kuhū
(S) new moon
kuhung
kakuhungan to gleam, to shine, to sparkle
kṛkalāsa
(S) gecko; lizard
kṛkawaku
(S) cock; peacock
kṛta
(S) 1. done; carried out; finished; gone, nothing left, at an end; good; safe and quiet; merit, service. 2. a die with 4 dots
kṛtakrittya
(S) after having become well known; after having given his services
kṛtaghua
(S) to abuse another's good will; ungrateful, thankless, not thankful
kṛtajña
(S) grateful, thankful
kṛtajñatā
(S) grateful/thankful man
kṛtañjali
(S) to pay homage, to make sěmbah
kṛtadīkṣita
(S) inaugurated
kṛtadhiṣṭāna
(S) to have prepared the place for the person who has been called; after having called
kṛtānugraha
(S) after having (been) given a present
kṛtaparikṣa
(S) after having been investigated or examined
kṛtapariśama
(S) trained
kṛtapuṇya
(S) happy

--- 148 ---

kṛtapradhāna
(S) very fine, very good, very beautiful
kṛtābhiseka
(S) after being inaugurated
kṛtayaśa
(S) after having become well known
kṛtayuga
(S) first period; golden age
kṛtārtha
(S) contented; to die quietly
kṛtāla
(S) chopping-knife; makṛtāla armed with a chopping-knife
kṛtālocita
(S) after having consulted
kṛtālpaswakāran
(S) after having done all kinds of modest and inferior tasks not in accordance with one's status
kṛtawara
(S) after having enjoyed benefit/benefaction
kṛtawiweka
(S) capable; clever
kṛtasangskāra
(S) decorated; common/usual ceremony; common prayer; inaugurated
kṛtasamaya
(S) to make an agreement
kṛtopakāra
(S) saved, safeguarded
kṛtopadeśa
(S) instructed; advised
kṛtopaya
(S) after having invented (a trick)
kṛtobhaya
(S) after having made an agreement
kṛtya
(S kṛtyā) action, deed; work
kṛpaṇa
(S) doleful, miserable; pitiful
kṛṣa
(S) name of the hermit, the teacher of Pariksit
kṛṣi
(S) nonirrigated arable land; wet rice field; harvest
kṛṣikā
(S) agriculture
kṛṣiphala
(S) harvest

--- 149 ---

kṛṣṇa
(S) black; dark; periods of the dark of the moon which occur in the middle of a month (solar calendar)
kṛṣṇākāra
(S) with a black face; with a black body
kṛṣṇacaturdaśī
(S) the 14th day from the coincidence of the dark of the moon and the middle of the month
kṛṣṇacamara
(S) with a black tail
kṛṣṇājina
(S) black deerskin
kṛṣṇatila
(S) black sesame oil
kṛṣṇanetra
(S) with black eyes; the one with black eyes
kṛṣṇapakṣa
(S) coincidence of the dark of the moon and the middle of the month
kṛṣṇapinggla
(S) dark brown
kṛṣṇāmbara
(S) black cloth
kṛṣṇabhūma
(S) black cloth
kṛṣṇāmṛga
(S) black deer
kṛṣṇasāra
(S) black-stained deer
keḍak
to shake
ket
aket close by, near by; close together; silyaket to twist upwards
keta
(S) will; desire; longing
ketaka
(S) pudak- flower
ketaki
(S) pudak- flower
ketana
(S) invitation; shelter, custody
ketu
(S) gleam, shine; figure; form; sign, signal
ken
1. cloth, skirt, textile; blanket; aken periodical. 2. daughter or son of the king

--- 150 ---

3. aken to command, to order; akenkenan to send an emissary
kene
here
keraṭa
name of a color
keri
left (behind)
kelah
makelah-kelah to flash, to glitter, to gleam
kewarta
(S) fish trap
kewala
(S) own, oneself; only, merely; angewala to press, to push, to urge; kinewala placed apart, placed separately; urged, pressed
kewalya
(S) only, merely
keśa
(S) hair
keśagraha
(S) with one's hair grasped/seized
keśadhāwalya
(S) white hair
keśapāśa
(S) plaited hair
keśara
(S) 1. pollen stalk. 2. mane of a horse, lion, etc.
keśaracana
(S) hair ornament
keśawa
(S) long-haired; another name for Wiṣṇu or Kṛṣṇa
kain
cloth, skirt, textile; see ken
kailāsa
(S) name of the mountain where Śiwa sits in meditation
kaih
numeral; much, many; see kweh
ko
you; see kong
kokanada
red lotus
kokila
(S) bird, owl
kong
vocative: Hey, you!

--- 151 ---

kongang
capable, able; can
kocak
to clap in one's hand; to shake
kociwa
disappointed; to shame, to discredit
koṭa
(S) fortress; fortification
koṭi
(S) ten million; one hundred thousand; koṭi-koṭi hundreds of thousands
koṭidhanus
(S) point of an arrow
koṭipiṇḍa
(S) ten million men
koṭīśwara
(S) millionaire
kotuka
(S kautuka) will; to want; to desire
kothuka
(S) refuse, dirt, filth
kon
instruction; command; kon manaka to cause a person to bear a child; akon to command
konta
(S kunta) spear; lance; mangonta to stab with a lance
kontěn
gate, door
kopa
(S) anger; angry
kopīna
(S kaupīna) loincloth
komala
(S) weak; feeble; soft
kombala
(S kambala) wool
kori
door, gate; kinoryyan to get the door opened
kol
embrace; angol to embrace; to encircle
kolāhala
(S) uproar, commotion; confusion; thrown away
kośa
(S) property, possessions; treasure; treasury; see koṣa
kośagṛha
(S) treasury

--- 152 ---

kośala
(S kauśala) welfare, prosperity
koṣa
(S) treasury; property, possessions
kostubha
(S kaustubha) a kind of jewel (in fairy-tales)
koh
(m)angohan to pant, panting; to moan, to lament
kyakya
a tree
kyāti
(S khyāti) name; well known; akyāti famous
krak
see kěrak; akrak ta it was noisy
kratu
(S) offering; sacrifice
krap
race; see kěrap; angrapakěn to make run; mangrap to run
kram
gleam, shine, glitter, akram fine; splendid; beautiful; to glitter, to gleam, to shine
krama
(S) 1. way; manner; matter, thing; rule; behavior; deed; measure; action, deed; habit; akrama with rules, with manners; makrama regular; sakrama everything which ought to be done; reverent; honorable. 2. then, further. 3 marriage; akrama to marry
kramakāla
(S) afternoon
krayawikraya
(S) trade
krawyāda
(S) wild animal
krěcik
kakrěcik rattling, splashing
krětěb
kakrětěb rustling, hissing
krěpuk
pakrěpuk to break
krěbět
waving, beckoning
krěwag
buffalo
kriḍa
(S) game; toy; joke; flattering; coitus, to have sexual intercourse; akriḍā to flatter each other, to make love; makriḍā to flatter each

--- 153 ---

other, to make love; makakriḍā to mock at, to make a fool of
krimi
(S) small worms
kriya
(S) work; deed, action, ceremony
kriyādwaya
(S) pious deed; virtuous deed
kriyādweṣi
(S) the one who does not like proof/evidence
kris
(kěris) kris (dagger); angěris to stab with a kris
krūra
(S) wild; rough; cruel; ikang sarwakrūra all kinds of wild animals
krūrākārā
(S) to look cruel and wild
krūrakarma
(S) to commit a cruel deed
krūrarūpa
(S) to look horrible/ferocious/cruel
krodha
(S) angry; anger
krodhāmala
(S) fire of anger
krodhabahni
(S) fire of anger
krodhāmatra
(S) extent of anger; size of anger
krodhamukha
(S) with an angry face, to have an angry face
krora
(S krūra) see krūra
krorākara
(S) awful, horrible
krośa
(S) 1. cry, call, yell; sakrośa while crying/calling/yelling. 2. sakrośa as far as one's voice can reach
kryang
sound, voice
kryan
head; high official; kryan-kryan high officials; important; see rakryan
klīwa
(S klība) castrated man

--- 154 ---

klīwarūpa
(S) to become a castrated man, to take on the appearance of a castrated man
kleda
(S) bad, rotten
kleśa
(S) disease; stain, blame; disturbance; disaster, calamity; shame, blot, fault; feature; kaleśan disaster, calamity
kwa
(S) 1. where. 2. so, thus, in such a way; such; see kumwa
kwak
a bird
kwan
order, command, instruction; purpose, goal; akwan to command, to order, to instruct
kweh
(kwaih) sum, total, amount; number, numeral; much, many; akweh much, many; to increase; sakakweh all; sakwehkweh all
kṣaṇa
(S) moment, instant; soon; sakṣaṇa soon, directly; in a moment, in an instant
kṣaṇamātra
(S) in a moment
kṣaṇika
(S) soon; very soon
kṣata
(S) wound; wounded
kṣatriya
(S) knight, warrior; second caste; kakṣatriyan palace; place of kṣatriya
kṣatriyakula
(S) descendant of the second caste
kṣatriyagaṇa
(S) a group of warriors
kṣatriyānggana
(S) lover of a warrior
kṣatriyāngśa
(S) descendant of the second caste
kṣatriyajāti
(S) descendant of the second caste
kṣatriyajanma
(S) descendant of the second caste
kṣatriyadharma
(S) task of a warrior
kṣatriyawinaya
(S) rules of life of a warrior

--- 155 ---

kṣamā
(S) patient; forgivin; pardon; akṣama to forgive; kṣamakna forgive (me, him, her)
kṣaya
(S) damage; less; end; destruction, annihilation
kṣayaroga
(S) lingering disease
kṣara
(S) not perpetual, not eternal
kṣiti
(S) earth
kṣitigamya
(S) to walk on earth
kṣitija
(S) son of the god of earth; Bhauma
kṣititala
(S) earth
kṣitipati
(S) king of the world
kṣitipada
(S) area; region; district
kṣitisuta
(S) Bhauma
kṣīra
(S) milk
kṣirarnama
(S) ocean of milk
kṣudra
(S) 1. śudra (the lowest caste); low, mean; small. 2. the lowest caste
kṣudrapaśa
(S) small cattle
kṣuradhāra
(S) to carry a knife
kṣūrarūpa
(S) name of an arrow
kṣema
(S) safe; quiet
kṣodra
(S) honey

G

g
first person pronoun; variant of k
ga
joyful, cheerful; merry, gay

--- 156 ---

gagā
nonirrigated arable field; a kind of rice
gāgā
crow
gagak
crow
gagang
stalk, stem; head, beginning; source
gagat
kagagat covered
gagana
(S) sky; space; anggagana to fly
gaganacara
(S) to walk in space/in the sky; to fly
gaganatala
(S) sky, space
gaganāntarāla
(S) sky, space
gaganamārgga
(S) to fly
gagap
touch; search; anggagap to touch; to grope, to feel for; to guess, to think, to suppose; to calculate; panggagap search, examination; pati gagagagapi to touch in the darkness
gagal
to fail
gagah
anggagah to resist; to protest, to defy, to challenge
gangan
vegetables; pagangan kitchen
ganggā
(S) the river Gangga (Ganges); water
ganggěng
water plant
ganggopama
(S) like the river Gangga
ganggyang
ginanggyang-ganggyang accelerated; see gyā
gangṣa
(S kamṣa) Javanese musical instruments; material of Javanese musical instruments
gangsal
1. five. 2. anggangsal to receive
gangsul
snappish; rough
gaja
(S) elephant

--- 157 ---

gajamīna
(S) a creature that is half fish, half elephant; fish with a trunk (in fairytales)
gajapati
(S) king of elephants
gajāśwa
(S) elephant and horse
gajāśwādi
(S) elephants, horses, etc.
gajāśwaratha
(S) elephant, horse and chariot
gajah
elephant
gajih
1. grease, fat. 2. new. 3. pinigajihan salaried, paid
gajendra
(S) king of elephants
gajendrarūpa
(S) having the appearance of the king of elephants
gañjar
1. gift, present; panggañjar gift, present; gañjaran present, gift, reward. 2. gañjaran to make a sound
gañjir
gañjiran spur (of a fighting cock)
gañjuh
ginañjuh shaken
gaṭi
(S ghaṭi) half an hour
gaṭik
agaṭik to touch one another
gaḍag
trousers, breeches; cloth, skirt, textile
gaḍing
1. ivory; pinakagaḍing used as ivory. 2. yellow. 3. small yellow coconut; yellow dwarf coconut
gaḍung
a tuberous plant (Dioscorea hirsuta)
gaḍuh
temple
gaḍe
pawnshop
gaṇa
(S) half-divine being; a division in the army; group; agaṇa to be in groups
gaṇapati
(S) another name for Ganeśa

--- 158 ---

gaṇaya
(S) to count, to reckon
gaṇasatra
house for receiving priests
gaṇita
(S) counted, reckoned; calculation; tan ginaṇita not counted, not reckoned; tan pagaṇita countless; innumerable
gaṇitrikuṇḍala
(S) bouquet/nosegay of roses; magaṇitrikuṇḍala to wear a bouquet of roses
gaṇendra
(S) another name for Ganeśa/Śiwa
gaṇeśa
(S) god of skill and wisdom, son of Śiwa
gaṇḍa
(S) cheek; jaw
gaṇḍaka
(S) rhinoceros
gaṇḍacalita
(S) jaw movement
gaṇḍi
cudgel magaṇḍi armed with a cudgel
gaṇḍing
Javanese musical instruments
gaṇḍu
(S) pillow
gaṇḍewa
(S gāṇḍiwa) archer's bow
gaṭa
(S) large earthen water barrel
gata
(S) has gone
gatāgata
(S) to come and go; to and fro; by turns, alternate(ly); one behind the other
gatajīwa
(S) to die
gatamatra
(S) has gone just now
gatayauwana
(S) parents; old man
gatarasa
(S) unpleasant; unsavory
gatasara
(S) powerless, impotent, desperate; trifling, worthless
gatěl
itching

--- 159 ---

gati
(S) manner, way; matter; situation; tool; thing; interest; journey, arrival; refugee; tan pagati unimportant, insignificant; sagati all circumstances
gatuk
anggatuk cudgel; hammer
gatgat
agatgat to look for the top; anggatgat nearly; scarcely; tan pagatgat (there is) no hindrance
gatya
to be; there is/are; living
gātra
(S) body; figure; appearance; pattern; agātra-gātra as if painted; magātra with a pattern, based on a pattern; ginātra painted, depicted; tan pagātra without a body, bodiless
gada
(S) 1. utterance, pronunciation; spelling, 2. disease
gadā
(S) cudgel, hammer; agadā armed with a cudgel; magada-gadāna to beat with a cudgel repeatedly
gadādhara
(S) armed with a cudgel; another name for Kṛṣṇa
gadāyuḍha
(S) a fight with cudgels
gadgada
(S) astonished; affected, moved; startled, frightened
ganal
aganal big, large; rough
ganas
speech; aganas fast, quick
gane
rather, to seem; perhaps; maybe; about; possibly
ganta
maybe; possibility; opportunity; gantakna change! replace!
gantang
1. hanging clock. 2. ginantang hung
gantěr
garden
ganti
guardian; deputy; substitute
ganting
earring (worn by women); gantingan earring
gantuka
agantuka to connect/join with one another

--- 160 ---

gantukāma
(S) to want to go
gantung
magantungan to hang everywhere; pagantunganira the place where he was hanged
gantṛ
(S) the person who comes and goes
gandha
(S) smell; perfume; agandha to use perfume; anggandha to smell; magandha to smell
gandhakusuma
(S) odorous flower; name of a verse form
gandhamādana
(S) name of a mountain
gāndhāra
(S) name of a country
gandharwwa
(S) half-divine being
gandharwwapati
(S) king of gandharwwas (q.v.)
gandharwwaraja
(S) see gandharwwapati
gandharwwawiwāha
(S) a gandharwwa marriage (i.e., without any ceremony, based only upon personal agreement between the partners)
gandharwwī
(S) female gandharwwa
gandhālepana
(S) fragrant powder
gandhawāsa
(S) fragrant clothes
gandhatkaṭa
(S) to smell fragrant
ganya
see gane
gap
gumap to cry, to yell; tan pagap impotent, powerless; irretrievable, irrevocable
gapit
gapitan skillful, handy, dexterous; effective, proved
gape
anggape to look for something by feeling for it
gabah
1. reckless; negligent. 2. unhulled rice; paddy (rice) in the husk
gabung
bunch, sheaf, bundle

--- 161 ---

gabyur
gabyuran frightened, startled
gabhira
(S) deep; hard; strong; see gambhīra
gama
(S) way, road; measure; departure; gamā measures which will be taken
gamat
gamatakna will be adjusted
gamana
(S) walking; movement; opportunity; possibility; able, capable
gamanta
opportunity; occasion; see ganta, gamana
gāmara
dancer
gaměl
to play gamělan (q.v.); to seize; agaměl to play gamělan; anggaměl to hold, to seize, to grasp; ginaměl held, seized, grasped; ginamělan forced, dishonored
gambir
wide
gambhīra
(S) deep; loud
gambhīrabhāra
(S) very happy
gamyoṣadhi
(S) effective/proven remedy
gāya
(S) song; melody
gāyaka
(S) singer
gāyatra
(S) song; verse
gāyatrī
(S) name of a verse metre
gayung
half of a coconut shell; cut, thrust, blow
gayur
agayuran to clash with tusks; anggayur to collide
gayor
ivory; canine tooth, tusk (of a boar)
gār
ginār opened
garagati
spin
garanggang
pointed bamboo pole

--- 162 ---

garañjang
gumarañjang to clap one's hands
garaḍag
forced; urged
garap
anggarap to work at; to carry out
garami
(S wanigrāma) to trade, to carry on trade; anggarami to trade, to carry on trade
garabag
1. agarabagarabag in a stir and commotion. 2. ginarabag torn to pieces; destroyed, annihilated
garawal
agarawalan nervously and reverently; hastily, in a hurry
garěgět
enthusiasm, ardor; garěgětěn enthusiastic, ardent
garěm
salt
garigis
drizzle
garit
1. vertical line between the eyebrows. 2. line; scratch; anggarit to scratch
garihul
agarihul not smooth; uneven; rough; rugged
garu
1. brush; ginaru brushed, scratched. 2. aloe wood
garunggang
anggarunggang empty
garuḍadhwaja
(S) another name for Wiṣṇu
garuḍamukha
(S) state seal of the kingdom Airlangga
garuḍaroma
(S) feather of Garuda
garut
magarut to scratch; to claw
garjjita
(S) proud; glad; conceited; agarjjita joyful, cheerful
garddha
(S) desire; anggardha to desire; to want
gardabha
(S) donkey
garbbha
(S) stomach; inside, contents; fruit

--- 163 ---

garbbhajātaḥ
(S) to have come into the womb and been born directly
garbbhabhawana
(S) inside of the palace; inner room
garbbhawasa
(S) pregnancy; lap, womb; period in pregnancy, gestation
garbbhini
(S) pregnant
garamus
anggaramus to claw; see gěrěmus
garyyang
agaryyang dry, dried
garwwa
(S garwa) proud; conceited
garwwita
(S) proud; conceited
gal
strong
gala
1. gala-gala resin; sealing wax. 2. panggalā cry, yell; utterance
galak
snappish, gruff; wild, furious; angry; agalak angry; snappish, gruff, surly; gumalagalak to make angry
galagah
a pond reed (Saccharum spontaneus)
galanggang
arena, (fighting-) ring
galah
stake, pole; spear; anggalah to stab on all sides with a lance
galěng
limit, boundary; small dike; raised path; anggalěngi to limit; to separate; to provide with boundary marks; tan pagalěng unlimited, endless; unbearable
galigap
galigapěn to wake up; to get up
galigraha
(S galagraha) throat disease
galing
1. agaling shaky, labile, unstable; not firm, not solid. 2. a plant (Vitex trifolia L.)
galit
anggalit to chew the cud

--- 164 ---

galita
(S) gone; less; not present, absent
galintung
hilly
galih
1. bone; pith (of wood). 2. heart; mood
galuga
a plant (Broussonetia); ginaluga red-colored
galung
galungan celebration of the new year (esp. on Bali)
galunggang
anggalunggang driven into the ground
galuntang
anggaluntang to stream rapidly; manggaluntang to rustle, to hiss
galuh
1. girl. 2. (S galū) precious stone, jewel
gale
manggale to push off; to avert; to refuse, to reject
galok
anggalok to cry, to yell
galwak
to cry, to yell; see galok
gawa
anggawa to carry, to take with, to bring with
gawākṣa
(S) window
gawang
gumawang clear, bright
gawaya
(S) bull
gawal
improper; indecent
gaway
(gawe) work; action, deed; magaway to do, to make; to work at; to cause
gawok
agawok amazed, astonished
gaśca
quick, fast
gaścat
to exceed, to surpass; to add, to increase
gasir
a cricket
gasul
anggasul to disdain; see gangsul
gasyak
quick, fast; agasyak to live; to move; lively, nimble

--- 165 ---

gahan
named; well known; famous; gahagahan impolite, rude
gahana
(S) deep; close together; sad, sorrowful; dense, leafy
gahwara
deep; difficult; dense; valley, ravine
gěgět
bite; angry
gěgěm
anggěgěmi to control, to govern; to hold fast, to have in one's power, to have in one's grip
gěgěr
rear, back; behind; agěgěr in heaps
gěgěs
anggěgěs to become more depressed
gěgěh
tremendous, enormous; agěgěh firm; solid
gěgö
fist, grip, handful; anggěgö to hold fast, to have in one's grip
gěñcang
guměñcang to rattle, to clank, to jingle
gěñjut
agěñjutan to kick, to push
gěñjor
stiff
gěḍah
glass
gěḍog
a knock
gěṇḍing
Javanese musical instruments, gamělan; music; melody; magěṇḍing to sing (a melody); giněṇḍing-gěṇḍingan to sing melodies by turns
gětak
anggětak to snarl at; to intimidate
gětěm
1. crab. 2. anggětěm to dig up, to plough
gětěr
gumětěr to tremble
gětěl
anggětěl to press, to push; to wipe, to rub
gětěs
manggětěs to break
gětih
plant sap, resin; water; agětih to contain sap
gětu
to urge, to push, to press; to request urgently

--- 166 ---

gětoh
manggětoha though it would fall
gěděbud
to make a "bang"; to fall
gěnah
tool; situation; position; place; giněnahakěn placed, put (upon)
gěněng
agěněngan to hold fast
gěnět
agěnět soft, supple, flexible
gěněp
even (number); complete
gěnuk
large earthen water barrel; cooking pot
gěntěn
giněntěn cut (off)
gěntěr
guměntěr to thunder, to roar; kagěntěran hit by the thunder
gěntur
agěnturan to roar, to boom
gěntus
giněntusakěn pushed; kagěntus to collide
gěndruk
agěndruk fat, thick
gěpang
destroyed; perished
gěpuk
to beat
gěmah
gěmagěmah pleasantly; cosily, with pleasure
gěměk
quail
gěměng
anggěměngi to grasp, to seize
gěměn
gěměgěměn very glad
gěměr
anggěměrgěměr horrible, awful; manggěměr to frighten
gěmö
agěmö close together, dense; covered
gěmut
destroyed; perished; undone; agěmut soft. supple
gěmuh
full; fat, thick; agěmuh fat, thick, full
gěmpang
destroyed; perished

--- 167 ---

gěmpur
destroyed; perished; destruction, storming, assault
gěyuh
sad, sorrowful, depressed; tired, fatigued; agěyuhan shaky; unstable, labile; magěyuhan destroyed, damaged, broken
gěr
noisy
gěrah
(grah) 1. warm; restless, alarmed; agrah restless, alarmed; warm; ill, sick; magrah ill, sick. 2. agrah to howl, to buzz, to roar; to cry, to yell
gěrěběg
noise, rustle; sound, uproar, commotion; guměrěběg to rustle, to hiss, to buzz
gěrěmě
glad, pleasant, nice; to feel well
gěrěměn
glad, pleasant, nice; to feel well
gěrěmus
anggěrěmus to scratch
gěrěh
1. thunder; guměrěh to thunder, to roar; gěrěha like tundher. 2. unfaithful, disloyal
gěring
ill, sick
gěrit
(grit) to jingle, to ring; to sound; gumrit to sound loudly
gěrut
gumrut to gnash one's teeth
gěrgut
will begin something directly
gěrha
(S gṛha) house; pagěrhan wife; sagěrha with one's wife
gělang
bracelet; makagělang to wear a bracelet
gělāna
(S glāna) dejected; sad, distressed; tired, fatigued; thunderclap
gělar
rule; battle-array; agělar to order the troops, to put the troops in a battle-array; spread; gumělar spread out
gělah
refuse, dirt, filth, faeces

--- 168 ---

gělěk
fast, quick; soon; gumělěk to accelerate, to quicken, to speed up
gělěng
angry; anger; agělěng angry
gělěpung
meal, flour, powder
gělěm
(gělöm) to want, to desire, will; agělěm, to want, to desire, will
gělěh
(gělöh) wicked, bad, evil; agělěh wicked, bad, evil; magělěh dirty, filthy; gělěgělěh stain; dirt, filth, refuse
gělis
(glis) fast, quick; aglis fast, quick; ginělis accelerated, quickened; saglis quickly, fast
gělung
hari-knot; gumělung-gělung to do up one's hair
gělö
anggělö to frighten
gěwal
(gwal) ginwal beaten
gěsang
life; to live
gěsěng
(gěsöng) scorched, burnt; flame; agěsěng burnt, scorsched; to flame, to glow; anggěsěngi to burn; magěsěng scorched, burnt
göng
large; sum, total, amount; number; agöng large; ginöng exaggerated, magnified; worked at or attempted seriously; magöng to increase
göm
1. agöma will seize/hold fast. 2. kagöman frightened, startled
gigal
to fall
gigir
1. rear, back, behind. 2. gigirěn afraid
gigil
agigilan to tremble
gigu
agigu to hesitate, doubtful; afraid, anxious; to dislike; kagigwan doubt
ginggang
split, spaced; to shift, to shuffle
gingsir
to shift, to shuffle; to branch off; to turn; deviation

--- 169 ---

gingsul
irregular
giṇa
(S guṇa) good character; capability; insight, tact, understanding
gīta
song; melody; anggīta to sing; anggītākěn to compose a poem
gītakāra
(S) to compose a melody/poem
gītanṛta
(S) song and dance
gītanṛtawāditra
(S) melody, dance and gamělan orchestra
gītarasa
(S) melancholy song
gitěl
pinch, to pinch
gitěs
to destroy; ginitěs destroyed; sagitěs a bit, a little
giněm
guminěm to consult, to confer, to talk together
gintěng
to pinch; to press, to squeeze close together
gintung
gintungan a tree
gimbar
agimbar wide, broad, roomy, extensive
gimbal
tousled (hair); thick, dense
giyak
giyak-giyak to do something and at the same time make much noise
giyěg
agiyěgan to move frequently, to move again and again
girang
glad, joyful, pleasant
giras
not tame; shy
giri
1. (S) mountain; mount. 2. gumiri afraid; startled; kagiri-giri frightening
girigahana
(S) mountain and valley
giriguhā
(S) a cave in a mountain

--- 170 ---

giring
kagiring driven (away)
giringsing
a motif of batik
girijā
(S) another name for Uma
giritulya
(S) like a mountain
girinatha
(S) another name for Śiwa
girinathaputra
(S) son of Śiwa
girīndra
(S) king of mountains (i.e., Śiwa)
girīndratulya
(S) like Śiwa
girīndradayitā
(S) favorite of Śiwa
girindrawangśaja
(S) descendant of Śiwa
giripārśwa
(S) slope of a mountain
girimis
girimisěn to come together, to swarm
giriwara
(S) chosen mountain
giriwaraguhā
(S) cave in a chosen mountain
giriwaraśata
(S) hundreds of chosen mountains
giriwiwara
(S) cave ing a mountain
giriśa
(S) another name for Śiwa
giriśikara
(S) mountaintop
giriśṛngga
(S) mountaintop
girisadṛśa
(S) like a mountain
girisin
gumirisin to tremble; to fear; afraid
girisutā
(S) daughter of the mountain
girih
1. anggirih to languish. 2. gumirih to roar, to thunder
giro
agiro to sound loudly

--- 171 ---

gila
to hate; to fear; afraid, fearful
gilang
gilang-gilang neglected; kugilang-gilang put aside, discarded, considered trifling
gilap
to sparkle, to glitter, to gleam; gumilap to sparkle, to glitter, to gleam
gili
small island
gilig
giligilig perforated (because of moths)
giling
1. giling-giling a fish; peacock. 2. gilingan avehicle, a carriage
gilir
turn; change
gilut
ginilut chewed; gilutěn ought to be chewed
giwang
agiwangan to rock, to swing; gumiwang to tremble
giwal
ring; giniwal hit by a ring
gisi
gisi-gisi gum(s); gigisin to dislike; unpleasant; not amusing, not attractive
giha
(S guhā) cave
gugah
wake him/her/them; anggugah to wake
gugut
to chew; to pick (up)
gugur
to fall
gugula
(S guggulu) an odorous resin used for incense
guguladhūpa
(S) fragrant resin and incense
guguh
to have no more teeth
gung
large; anggung continuous, incessant
guci
water-pitcher; earthen pitcher
gucchaka
bunch; bundle; a chain of pearls; agucchaka to tie up in a bunch/bundle; chain of pearls
gujěng
a roar of laughter; agugujěngan to joke

--- 172 ---

guñěp
maguñěpan to have a chat
guñjing
to shake, to rock, to swing
guñjat
angguñjat to throw (away)
gūḍa
(S gūḍha) hidden, secret; ginūḍa concealed, hidden, kept secret
gūḍakāra
(S gūḍhakāra) to conceal, to hide; anggūḍakāra to accuse; to suspect
gūḍamantra
(S) sacred formulas which are kept secret
gūḍasamaya
(S) secret agreement
guṇa
(S) 1. good character, virtue; skill; merit, service; use, virtuous deed; power; aguṇa clever, skillful, capable; expert; makaguṇa characterized by; tan paguṇa useless. 2. magic, witchcraft, hypnotism; black magic
guṇagaṇa
(S) various good characteristics; various virtuous features; guṇagaṇan to have to be done repeatedly
guṇajñāna
(S) to know the good side of another
guṇadoṣa
virtue and vice; gumuṇadoṣa to weigh the good and the bad sides
guṇabhoga
(S) delicious food
guṇamān
(S) wise, levelheaded; good, fine
guṇawān
(S) wise, levelheaded; good, fine
guṇita
(S guṇitā) merit, service, usefulness, good action; angguṇita to consult, to confer; guṇitan worth discussing; will be discussed
guṇottama
(S) very meritorious, very deserving
guṇḍa
(S) a kind of grass (Sphenoclea zeylanica)
guṇḍala
(S kuṇḍala) manguṇḍala bound to, attached to; patik guṇḍala rule
guṇḍik
concubine; maidsrvant; kaguṇḍikan harem

--- 173 ---

guṇya
(S) meritorious, deserving
gutuk
anggugutuk to try to throw at; gutuk-gutuk thrown things; kagutuk hit by something thrown
gutgūt
gutgūten to gnash one's teeth
guněm
aguněm-guněm to have a chat
gunung
mountain
guntěn
teacher
gunting
ginunting cut (with scissors)
guntur
thunder; explosion; gumuntur to thunder; kagunturan hit by thunder
gupi
agupyan to play music; magupyan to play; ginupi called; discussed
gupit
poem; anggupit to write a poem; panggupit poet's work
gupita
song, melody
gupuntěn
entrance; gate
gupuy
weak; powerless, impotent; confused; agupuy to make haste, in a hurry
gupur
gupu-gupurěn very startled; very afraid
gupura
(S gopura) gate
gupuh
powerless, impotent
gupe
(gupay) limp (powerless), flexible; tired; sad
gupta
(S) hidden, secret; watched, guarded; protected; anggupta to hide, to conceal; ginupta kept secret
gubar
war drum, battle drum
gubah
screen; agugubah screened; panggubah cover
gubug
cottage; small house; sentry box

--- 174 ---

gumuk
small hill; anggumuk-gumuk in heaps
gumbak
a man's forelock
guyang
to bathe
guyu
loud laughter; burst of laughter; guywa-guywan to joke; maguywa-guywana as a joke
guragaḍa
conceited, proud; improper, indecent
gurapay
manggurapay to touch
gurah
sleepless
gurit
scratch; scratched; written
gurinda
tool for sharpening knives; anggurinda to sharpen
gurilap
to gleam, to glitter, to shine; magurilap to glisten
gurih
agurih piquant, spicy; tasty, savory
guru
(S) 1. heavy; long syllable. 2. teacher; agurwa in order to learn from. 3. another name for Śiwa
gurughna
(S) killer of a teacher
gurung
gurung-gurung throat
gurunggung
gurung-gurung throat
gurunggung
gumurunggung to resound, to echo, to howl, to boom, to buzz
gurutatwa
(S) existence of teacher
gurutalpaka
(S gurutalpaga) to dishonor/discredit a teacher's wife
gurudṛwya
(S) teacher's property, teacher's possessions
gurudroha
(S) disdain/humiliation of a teacher
gurudrohaka
(S) disobedience to a teacher
gurun
fat, thick

--- 175 ---

gurundaya
swallow (bird)
gurūpacarana
(S) homage to a teacher, respect for a teacher
gurupatnī
(S) teacher's wife
gurūpadeśa
(S) teacher's lesson, teacher's advice
guruputrī
(S) teacher's daughter; aguruputrī towards/against a teacher's daughter
gurubhakti
(S) to devote oneself to one's teacher; to place oneself at one's teacher's disposal
gurumung
manggurumung to attack from all sides
guruyāga
(S) teacher's fee; pangguruyāga anything used to pay a teacher
gurulangghya
(S) to contradict a teacher
guruśuśrūṣa
(S) loyal/devoted/faithful to a teacher
guruh
thunder; gumuruh like thunder; to thunder, to roar
gula
(S gula [Red. Huruf l dengan titik di bawah]) sugar
gulak
gumulak restless, turbulent; to burn (with indignation)
gulang
1. anggulang-gulang neglected. 2. ginulang studied. 3. gulang-gulanga will be uneasy/worried
gulacak
makagulacak torn
guladrawa
(S) liquid sugar
gulay
curried mutton soup
guling
agulingan to roll and roll, to revolve; agugulingan to repeatedly lie down and get up; gumuling to roll over; to sleep; pagulingan bed
gulinting
crocodile egg
gulimpang
kagulimpang thrown (away)

--- 176 ---

gulū
throat; panggulū second child
gulung
agulungan to roll repeatedly; to revolve
guluntung
lump of flesh
gulum
name of a weapon
gulpha
(S) ankle
gulma
(S) 1. bushes, shrubs. 2. sagulma army division consisting of 9 elephants, 9 chariots, 45 infantrymen and 27 horses
gulgula
a fragrant resin
guwug
1. small house, cottage; see gubug. 2. aguwug to come together, to form small groups
gusi
gusi-gusi gum(s)
guse
edge, rim, bank
gusti
member of the waiśya caste
guhā
(S) cave; mangguhā to make a cave
guhya
(S) hidden, concealed; kept secret
guhyaka
(S) followers of the god Kuwera
guhyanāma
(S) fictitious name; pseudonym
guhyalingga
(S) secret sign/mark/signal
guhyaśāstra
(S) secret book; secret science
gṛha
(S) house
gṛhaja
(S) to be born at home
gṛhādhika
(S) beautiful house, splendid house
gṛhastha
(S) head of the family
gṛhasthāśrama
(S) stage of life as the head of the family
gṛhita
(S) taken; meant

--- 177 ---

ge
age just, precise(ly), right, exact; hastily, in a hurry
geger
stir, noise, uproar; noisy, in commotion, in an uproar
gempor
noise, stir, uproar, commotion
gere
agere to roar, to howl; to hum, to buzz
gerong
anggerong to sing a chorus; great singer
go
cow
gokṣira
(S) cow's milk
gograhaṇa
(S) transportation of cows
gograhaṇacarita
(S) story about the transportation of cows
gong
agong-gongan to play gamělan (q.v.)
gonggang
to shake; wide apart
gocara
(S) something worshipped; resting-place; gumocara to pay homage with sěmbah (q.v); to hear; sagocara respectfully, honorable, polite
gocok
anggocok to push, to thump; to box
got
a fish
gotra
(S) family; sagotra of one family; of the same family
gotrārrya
(S) of high birth, of noble birth
godog
anggodogi to behave stupidly
godharma
(S) animal's behavior
gopa
(S) shepherd, herdsman
gopāngganā
(S) female shepherd
gopanīya
(S) hidden, concealed
goparitrāṇa
(S) aid/help for cattle; protecting of cattle

--- 178 ---

gopāla
(S) shepherd/herdsman of cows
gopālasewaka
(S) to serve as a shepherd of cows
gopalasthāna
(S) meadow to tend cows
gopita
1. (S gopitta) yellow powder; ginopita smeared with yellow powder. 2. hidden, concealed, secret; anggopita to keep secret; gumopita to confer secretly
gopuntěn
gate
gopura
gate
gopraśara
(S) meadow to tend cows
gobajra
(S gowraja) cow house, cowshed
gobrata
(S) type of asceticism where one eats only grass and leaves like cows
gomaya
(S) 1. consisting of cows. 2. cow feaces mixed with water; ginomaya cleaned with cow faeces mixed with water
gomyok
ginomyok covered
goyāna
(S) car drawn by a cow
gora
(S gaura) gold (color): yellow; agora yellow
gorawa
(S gaurawa) honor, respect, reverence, homage; unwilling, reluctant; agorawa respected, honored, honorable; ginorawa respected, honored, honorable
gorasa
(S) cow's milk
gola
(S) child of a widow; child of an unmarried woman
gowinda
(S) another name for Kṛṣṇa
gowṛnda
(S) group of cattle
gowok
hole
goṣṭi
(S goṣṭhi) conference; consultation; discussion; agoṣṭi to confer, to consult, to

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discuss; pagoṣṭyan conference; consultation; discussion
gosamūha
(S) group of cattle
gosali
ironsmith
goswamin
(S) cattle owner; cattle possessor
goh
(S) cattle; cow; see go
goha
(S) hiding place
gohatya
(S) cattle killing; slaughter of a cow
gohantri
(S) cow killer
gohara
(S) cattle theft
goḥrūpa
(S) having the appearance of a cow
gyā
quick, fast; hastily, hurriedly, in a hurry; agyā quickly, fast; hastily, hurriedly; magyāgyā very quick, very fast; hastily, hurriedly
gyang
agyang to give a push
gyanggyang
1. a plant. 2. ginanggyang stimulated
gyat
anggyat to startle; panggyat instrument used for startling/surprising; silih-gyat to snarl at one another; to startle one another
grantha
(S) verse, poem
grāma
(S) village; dwelling-place
grāmasamūha
(S) complex of villages
grāmya
(S) upper course (of a river)
grāmyabhoga
(S) food of inferior quality
graha
(S) 1. star. 2. to grasp, to hold fast; to attain, to reach; kagraha grasped, held fast, seized; attained, reached; salah graha astray; to touch the wrong one
grāha
(S) crocodile

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grāhaka
(S) official; agrahake to receive, to catch
grahagaṇa
(S) group of stars
grahacāra
(S) position of the stars
grahaṇa
(S) 1. eclipse. 2. to grasp, to seize, to hold fast; kagrahaṇa grasped, seized
grahapraweśa
(S) attacked by a crocodile; an attacking crocodile
grahita
(S gṛhīta) to be taken; to think like a human being; panggrahitan notion, conception; salah grahita misunderstanding
grāhya
(S) visible
grěk
ginrěk driven away, dispelled
grěgut
anggrěgut to work hard
grěběg
gathering, grouping; hard/loud sound; gumrěběg buzzing; rustling; noisy, tingling
grěmět
anggrěmět to creep (along); grěmětan to creep everywhere
grěmus
anggrěmus to scratch, to scrape
grīwa
(S) throat
griwāwayawa
(S) throat and body
grih
salted fish
gro
anggro to roar, to howl, to hum
grong
deep
glāna
(gělāna) (S) sad, sorrowful, distressed, depressed; fatigued, tired
glānāśa
(S) desperate; despairing
gwan
unggwan place
gwal
anggwal to beat, to strike

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GH

ghaṭa
(S) 1. large earthen water barrel. 2. well
ghaṭika
(S) moment; time
ghaṭita
(S) time; hour
ghaṇṭā
(S) clock; bell
ghātaka
(S) death; suffering
ghana
(S) cloud
ghanāma
(S) visited by clouds; rainy season
ghanātyaya
(S) autumn
ghāra
(S gṛhā) wife
ghārapatnī
(S gṛhāpatni) legal wife
gharinī
(S gṛhinī) wife
gharmakāla
(S) warm season; dry season
gharmadyuti
(S) sun
ghāṣa
(S gharṣa) a shift, a reshuffling; maghāṣa to shift; to rub, to polish, to wipe
ghūrṇṇa
(S) noise, uproar; noisy, in commotion
ghūrṇṇita
(S) noisy, in commotion; to rustle, rustling; to howl
ghurṇṇitatara
(S) noisier, more boisterous, more commotion, more aproar
ghṛta
(S) liquid butter; thick milk
ghṛtādi
(S) liquid butter; thick milk
ghṛtapūra
(S) butter delicacy
ghṛtahoma
(S) offering with butter
ghor
heavy; hoarse

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ghora
(S) tremendous, enormous; very; awful, horrible
ghoratara
(S) very tremendous/enormous; very awful/horrible
ghorarūpa
(S) to have an enormous appearance; to have an awful/horrible appearance
ghorawākya
(S) awful/horrible words; tremendous noise
ghoṣaṇa
(S) announcement; discussion, consultation; ghumoṣaṇāni to cry, to yell; to call; ghoṣaṇākna announce it! publish it!
ghoṣita
(S) announced; called, summoned
ghrāṇa
(S) nose
ghraṇatarpaṇa
(S) perfume