NG

ng
definite article: the; see ang
ngangā
a bird
ngaran
name; angarani to name, to call, to mention
ngělu
dizzy; headache
ngěsngěs
sad, distressed, depressed
nguḍa
young
ngūni
formerly, in former times; just now; since, from; ngūni-ngūni moreover, above all, besides; then, futher; not to mention
nguniweh
moveover, above all, besides
nguntěn
formerly, in former times
ngel
(nghel) difficult; sad, distressed, sorrowful; anghel difficult; sad, despressed, distressed, sorrowful; anghel-nghelěn will be hindered or hampered; tar panghel without troubles or

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difficulties; not to hamper/hinder
ngeh
see tangeh
ngong
I; see ngwang
ngkā
there; at that time
ngkāna
there; at that time
ngkāne
somewhere there, there (at/in)
ngku
see ku
ngke
here; now
ngkene
here; now
ngkehěn
here; now
ngkwa
arealis form of the first person pronoun
nggānya
probably; perhaps, might be
nggwan
place
ngrěs
pain
nglah
manglah to lie (on one's back)
nglih
(ngělih) anglih tired, fatigued; angělih-ngělih powerless, impotent
ngluh
angluh tired, fatigued; difficult, with difficulty; withered; pale; to decrease, to diminish; kangluh anxious, uneasy
ngwang
1. I; we; see ngong. 2. man, person; someone, somebody
ngwan
mangwan to tend (cattle); see nghwan
ngwab
ngwabakěn to yawn
ngwe
day, by day; těngah ngwe noon, at noon
nghing
but, however; only; expect (for); see anghing
nghulun
I (the humble person); pinakanghulun I (the

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slave); patik sanghulun I (your slave)
nghwan
manghwan to tend (cattle)

C

cakar
añakar to scrape, to scratch
cakikyar
wild hen, wood-hen (Gallus ferugineus)
cakra
(S) disk; discus; wheel; region, area, district
cakrāngga
(S) duck
cakrānggawadhū
(S) female duck
cakrānggī
(S) female duck
cakrabyūha
(S cakrawyūha) a battle-array/formation
cakrabhawa
kacakrabhawa to think of, to think about; guessed, supposed; calculated
cakrarakṣa
(S) keeper of wheels
cakrawāka
(S) a duck (Anas casarca)
cakrawartti
(S cakrawartin) world ruler, master of the world; añakrawartti to rule the world
cakrawṛddhi
(S) compound interest; interest added to capital
cakreśwara
(S) sovereign king; another name for Śiwa or Wiṣṇu
cakṣaṇa
(S) appearance; view, panorama
cakṣu
(S) eye; kacakṣu visible
cakṣurāga
(S) pleasant view; beautiful panorama
cakṣwindriya
(S) eye; instrument for seeing or looking at
cangak
small heron (Ardea)

--- 185 ---

cangka
cumangka-cangka brave, courageous, audacious
cangkak
proud, conceited; brave, courageous
cangkag
cangka-cangkag to hop, to leap repeatedly; to jump again and again
cangkah
cumangkah to take courage, courageous, to dare; cumangka-cangkah conseited; proud
cangking
to carry a light thing with one hand; añangking to carry a light thing in one's hand; cangkingan something light carried in a hand
cangkyak
proud, conceited
cangkrama
(S cangkramā) to go sightseeing to take a walk; pacangkraman place for pleasant walk or sightseeing
cangkling
cangklingakěn to throw
canggigyar
wild hen, wood-hen (Gallus ferugineus)
cangcang
cinangcang fastened, tied up; cangcangan something fastened, tied up
cangcing
jingling, tinkling; cangcingan handy, skillful, dexterous
cacad
defect, stain, shame; cumacad to blame, to disapprove
cacab
macacaban to immerse; to dive; to cross, to go over, to go to the other side
cacar
añacar to eat
cacal
peeled (off)
cacah
to chop, to prick; chopped, pricked
cacala
(S) shaky, unstable, labile; to tremble, trembling
cañcalita
(S) to wave, to fly (as a flag); to tremble
caṭula
(S) to tremble; unstable, labile

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caḍang
pacaḍanga will be ready/prepared
caṇṭaka
cumaṇṭaka brave, courageous, audacious; to dare
caṇṭyal
kacaṇṭyal caught in, taken in; to hang on
caṇḍa
(S) tremendous, enormous; cruel; wild
caṇḍak
añaṇḍak to seize, to hold, to grasp; to catch; kacaṇḍak caught, seized
caṇḍakara
(S) sun
caṇḍani
marble
caṇḍānila
(S) name of an arrow
caṇḍaraśmi
(S) sun
cāṇḍāla
(S) a very low caste; humble, low; mean, contemptible; evil ill, wicked
cāṇḍālakarma
(S caṇḍalakarman) wicked/contemptible deed
cāṇḍālagati
(S) bad/ill/contemptible behavior; crime, criminality, wickedness
cāṇḍālajāti
(S) of low/mean/humble birth
caṇḍi
temple; holy grave: cinaṇḍi to bury, to inter
caṇḍika
(S) another name for Durga; kacaṇḍikan temple complex
caṇḍiki
well; pond
cātaka
(S) an owl
catur
(S) four; añatur the fourth
catura
(S) quick, fast, handy; clever, skillful
caturakṣa
(S) four-eyed person; four-eyed
caturangga
(S) chess; consisting of four members/men
caturanta
(S) four boundaries

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caturapādika
(S) rows/queues of four men
caturaśra
(S) four-sided; quadrilateral
caturāṣrama
(S) four stages of life
caturāṣramī
(S) four stages of life of the three highest castes, i.e., brāhmaṇa, kṣatriya, waiśya
caturāsya
(S) god with the four heads; another name for Brahmā
caturupāya
(S) the four attempts, i.e., sāma, dāna, bheda [Red. Huruf e dengan setrip di atas], ḍaṇḍa
caturthī
(S) the fourth day from the middle of the month
caturdaśi
(S) the fourtheenth day from the middle of the month
caturdik
(S) four directions; four corners
caturdwāra
(S) four doors
caturdwija
(S) four kinds of priests
caturbhaga
(S) four parts
caturbhuja
(S) the four-armed god/person/demon; to have four arms
caturmukha
(S) to have four heads; four-headed
caturwarṇṇa
(S) four castes
caturweda
(S) four vedas
catursūkṣma
(S catussūkṣma) four spies
catuṣpatha
(S) crossroads
catus
(S catur) four
catustaṇḍamantrī
(S) four high officials watching the country's boundaries
catussāgara
(S) four oceans

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catussamudra
(S) four oceans
catra
(S chattra) umbrella, protector
catwari lokapāla
(S) four world-protectors
caduśakti
(S) name of the arrow given to Arjuna by Śiwa
canda
(S chandas) melody; couplet; strope; rhythm
candana
(S) sandalwood
candaśāstra
(S chandaśśāstra) guide to composing poems
candra
(S) moon
candra-kānta
(S) a precious stone/jewel which glitters by moonlight
candragrahaṇa
(S) eclipse of the moon
candrāditya
(S) moon and sun
candramā
(S) moon; god of the moon
candramaṇḍala
(S) moon-circle
candramāsa
(S) moon-year
candrāruṇa
(S) moon and sun
candrawilasita
(S) rising moon; name of a verse form
candrahāsa
(S) sword
candrika
(S) fine, beautiful; moonlight
candrodaya
(S) rising moon
cāpa
(S) bow; arrow
capang
(S) branch
capāru
(S) sirih-box, betel-box
capala
(S) 1. to move uneasily; impatient; fast, quick; reckless; at random, haphazardly.

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2. hammer, cudgel
caping
cap, hat
capit
pinch; pinakacapit used as pincers
cabol
goblin; small teaser
camara
(cāmara) (S) a kind of deer or cow (Bos grunmiens); a fan to drive away flies; añāmara to drive away flies with a camara; mañāmarani to fan, to cool
camari
dog; jackal; wolf
camah
unclean; dirty
caměṭi
whip
cāmīkara
(S) gold
camū
(S) a division in the army consisting of 729 elephants, 729 chariots, 2,107 cavalrymen and 3,648 infantrymen
camūnatha
(S) commander
camoga
tan pacamoga not to succeed at all
campaka
(S) campaka tree or flower (Michelia champaka); añampaka like a campaka flower
campakamālā
(S) chain of campaka flowers; name of a verse form
cāmpagi
aplant
campěh
añampěh to exceed, to surpass
campur
unclean, dirty; kacacampuran blamed, stained
camra
dog
cāyā
(S chāyā) shine, glow, light; shadowy place; shadow; cāyā-cāyā shine, glow, light; acchaya to find a shadowy place; cinayakěn deceived
cara
1. (S ācāra) behavior; agenda, program. 2. mark of rank, rank indication. 3. cara-cara small roads, paths

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cāra
(S) spy; behavior, conduct; pinakacāra appointed spy
caracap
acaracap to drop; to leak, to ooze through
caracab
makacaracab to fly everywhere
cāraka
(S) servant; messenger; emissary
carācara
(S) animal and plants
caraṇa
(S) 1. foot; journey; religious ceremony. 2. ground, base, bottom. 3. (S racaṇā) ornament, decoration, embellishment; cinaraṇa decorated
cāraṇa
(S) heavenly singer
caraṇaka
(S) small foot
caraṇadwaya
(S) two legs; two feet
caraṇareṇu
(S) Your Highness, Your Majesty; dust on your feet
carādhigama
(S) guide/instruction to good behavior, lesson in good behavior
carik
tear; wound; añarik to tear (off); tan pañarik not to wound
carita
(S) road, way; behavior; story; acarita to tell a story; cinaritākěn told
caru
(S) offering; sacrifice; acaru to sacrifice; to hold a religious feast
caruk
añaruk to mix; changed
caruh
mixed
carccā
(S) friction; rubbing
carmma
(S) skin
cala
(S) 1. to move; to tremble; cinacalan rocked, shaken; tan cala immovable; firm, constant, permanent. 2. (S chala) lie; deceit; trick; seeming to be

--- 191 ---

calā
defect, stain, shame; indignity, scorn; fault, vice; acalācalān to hate each other; tan calā spotless, stainless, immaculate; malěbu-lěbu calā to dirty/to soil one another
calakě
a flower; macalakět to bite
calana
(S calanaka) trousers, breeches
calita
(S) to move to and fro; to hop
caliring
to leer (at)
caluk
young tamarind fruit (Tamarinda indica)
caluwak
lamp, light; torch
cawět
loincloth
cawintěn
fretwork, carving, relief; macawintěn decorated with fretwork; see cawiri
cawiri
a batik motif
cawuk
añawuk to scoop water with one's hand; silih cawuk to scratch/scrape each other
cawuh
acawuh impertinent, improper
cěkak
dent, dimple (in chin)
cěkap
skillful, capable, able, clever; courageous, brave
cěkěl
kacěkěl caught
cěkěh
cuměkěh to spring, springy
cěngěn
astonished, amazed; charmed, captivated
cěngěl
neck
cěngil
not to approve something; acěngil to discuss, to dispute; to quarrel
cěngkah
silih-cěngkah to push each other
cěcěk
dot, point

--- 192 ---

cěcěp
to taste; añěcěp to smell
cěṭṭa
hidden, concealed; to understand; to think while smiling; cěṭṭa-cěṭṭa to confer, to consult; añěñěṭa to guess, to suppose, to think
cěpět
quick, fast
cěměr
dirty, soiled; criminal, miscreant; macěměr dirty, soiled, unclean
cěrěcěb
makacěrěcěb perforated; kacěrěcěb perforated
cělak
acělak short; close by, near by
cělěk
eyebrow-black; acělěk to blacken one's eyebrows
cikil
acikicikil to do quickly
cinging
tearful
cicip
anicip to smell; anicipi to taste; anicip-nicipi to taste repeatedly
cincin
ring
ciṭat
cumiṭat to glitter, to shine, to gleam, to flash
ciṇḍil
rat's young
ciṇḍe
a fine flowered fabric; silk
citāgni
(S) cremation fire
citasangskāra
(S) cremation ceremony
citta
(S) ideal; thought; feeling; inner self, internal, heart, back of one;s mind; cinitta thought, felt
cittagāmā
(S) as fast as thought
cittajña
(S) clear-sighted; thought reading, mind reading
cittāwalepa
(S) an obsession to disdain/to humiliate

--- 193 ---

cittopaśama
(S) peace in one's heart
citra
(S) clear, bright; splendid, fine; various; letter; painting; picture; manitra multicolored; cinitra decorated
citrakāra
(S) painter
citradaṇḍa
(S) various punishments; repeated punishments, accumulation of punishments; macitradaṇḍa to parry/ward off a blow
citrapañcāyuddha
(S) five sorts of radiating weapons
citramegha
(S) gleaming cloud
citralikita
(S citralikhita) painted; described
citralekha
(S) painting; picture; name of a verse form
cidra
(S chidra) trick, ruse, lie, deceit; hole; want, shortage; unguarded place; añidra-cinidra to deceive one another; cumidra to deceive; kacidra deceived; taken in the act; visible; silih cidra to deceive each other
cinta
(S cintā) thought; memory; cininta to remember; to think; remembered, thought
cintana
(S) (object of) thinking; unease, worry
cintāmani
(S) jewel that is able to obtain any request
cintāmoha
(S) confused, at wit's end
cintya
(S) to think of/about; thought of/about
cira
(S) long, deep, slow
cirakāla
(S) in former times, formerly
ciramitra
(S) old friend
cirayuh
(S) long life
cirasthita
(S) after having lived for a long time

--- 194 ---

cīrika
(S) written announcement
cirup
red
ciroṣita
(S) has left home for a long time
cilu
kapacilu to float away (with the current); to be carried away (by the flood)
ciwapātra
sword with a wide blade; large knife; aciwapātra armed with a large knife
cīwara
(S) beggar's clothing; acīwara to wear a beggar's coat
ciha
splended! ciha-ciha very glad; boisterous; aciha-ciha proud of; to boast of
cihna
(S) sign, mark; forecast; proof; acihna a good/bad omen that ...; a good/bad sign that ...; cinihna marked, characterized, signed
cukat
cinukat picked (out)
cukit
cinukit picked (out)
cukil
fork
cungkag
añungkagakěn to stop
cungkub
small dining house; cottage
cunggeret
tree cricket; see cenggěrět
cungöng
flower bud
cucuk
1. bill, beak. 2. forerunner; advance guard
cucud
ridiculous
cucup
añucup to suck in, to absorb; to inhale
cucur
a bird
cucul
loose, free; escaped; put off; añuculi to free, to liberate, to let go free; to put off
cuṭul
old

--- 195 ---

cūḍāmani
(S) jewel placed on the forehead as an embellishment
cūḍāratna
(S) jewel placed on the forehead as an embellishment
cuṇi
jewel, precious stone
cuṇḍang
pacuṇḍang defeated
cuṇḍuk
to grasp, to hold, to catch, to seize; to meet; hit by; cumuṇḍuk to hit; kacuṇḍuk hit, struck
cūta
(S) low, mean, humble; fault, defect, shame, blot
cutaka
shame, stain, blot, defect
cūjanma
(S) of low birth
cuni
jewel, precious stone
cuntěn
cumuntěn to meet
cupu
small bottle; small box; cinupwan put in a small bottle/box
cum
acum pale
cumba
children
cumbana
kiss, embrace, coitus; acumbana to kiss
cumbanādi
(S) embrace, kiss, etc.
cumbanarasa
(S) the sensation of embrace and kiss
cumbita
(S) embraced, kissed
cumbu
flattery; cumbu-cumbu to flatter, to flirt; manumbu-numbu to flatter, to flirt; to joke
cumbwana
(S cumbana) kiss
curawāda
(S) lie, deceit
curik
knife; acurik to commit suicide with a knife

--- 196 ---

curiga
(S churikā) knife; kris; mañuriga to stab with a knife or kris
curing
small bell
curaṇṇa
destroyed
cula
(S cūḍā) hair of the fontanel
culamik
kaculamik to like to joke
cenggěrět
tree cricket
ceṭě
(S) nurse; midwife
ceṭikā
(S) nurse, midwife
cetana
(S cetanā) consciousness; knowledge
cetanātana
conscious soul
centěn
wild pig
ceṣṭa
(S) movement, hint, gesture; sign, signal; attempt, endeavor; plan; behavior
ceṣṭākāra
(S) hint, gesture; sign, signal; address
ceṣṭita
(S) to have moved; movement
ceh
call
caitya
(S) mausoleum; temple; holy place
caitramāsa
(S) the month Caitra
coṇḍong
slant, slanted
cod
a bird; starling
codya
(S) might be addressed; might be criticized; cumodya to disdain, to humiliate; pañodya anger, wrath; address; warning; criticism
codyawacana
(S) reprimand; warning; criticism
cor
forged/false oath; perjury; cinoran to swear, to administer the oath to; kacoran revoked, annulled, declared invalid; corana swear!

--- 197 ---

cora
(S) robber, thief
corak
(S) robber, thief
core
(S caurya) theft
coli
sword; discuss
colong
añolong to steal
crěng
acrěng steadfast and immovable
crol
bad, wicked
cwalikā
(S colikā) Cola woman
cweṭwak
cumweṭwak to stream, to flow

J

ja
1. intensive particle added to the imperative. 2. (S) birth, born
jaka
parajaka youth, young man; unmarried man; marajakaha in order to serve
jag
fast, quick; see jěg
jaga
aware (of); careful; on one's guard
jagat
(S) world; people
jagatkāraṇa
(S) origin of the world
jagatkraṭa
(S) world peace
jagatkraya
(S) three worlds
jagattri
(S) three worlds
jagatpālaka
(S) protector of the world
jagatpramāṇa
(S) world ruler
jagatpramudita
(S) gladness/joy of the people; name of a verse form

--- 198 ---

jagadguru
(S) teacher of the world; another name for Śiwa
jagadhita
(S) welfare of the people; world safety
jagadnātha
(S jagannātha) world-king; another nam for Śiwa
jagadsākṣaṇa
(S) world-keeper and world-caretaker; government
jagal
slaughter
jagatlit
neglect, idleness
jagiger
wild hen, wood-hen
jagung
maize, Indian corn
jagjag
ajagjaga to scratch, to scrape
jāgra
(S jāgṛ) to keep, to take care; to wake up, to get up; majāgra to wake up, to get up
jāgrata
(S jāgrattara) more careful, more aware (of); more on one's guard; very careful
jaghana
(S) back; anus; pinkajaghana used as a rear guard
jaghanyaja
(S) born as the last child; youngest child
jangan
vegetables; majangan to use vegetables
jangěl
ajangěl to step (forward)
jangkung
a heron
jangga
a plant (Dioscorea hirsuta)
janggama
(S) living being
janggala
(S) wood, forest, jungle; majanggala to go into the jungle
janggawari
name of a kind of material
janggit
a flower

--- 199 ---

janggir
black
janggut
chin; janggutan bearded
jangjang
ajangjang in rows, in queues
jaja
1. (S) army. 2. breast
jajar
ajajar in rows; ajajajajar in rows
jajah
añjajah to wander about; jajahan subordinate; colonized country, submissive country
jañjan
long; slow; far
jaṭa
(S) plaited hairs; ajaṭa to wear plaited hair
jāṭi
essense, existence, being, nature
jaṭāyu
(S) name of the giant bird that fought against Rawana to liberate Sintā
jaṭara
(S jaṭhara) stomach, intestines
jaḍa
(S) stupid, ignorant; jaḍa-jaḍa negligent; to humiliate; to disregard
jaḍi
(earthen) cooking pot
jātaka
(S) stories about the Buddha's former lives
jatakakarmmādi
(S) birth ceremony
jātarūpa
(S) gold
jāti
(S) birth; rank; feature; character; descent; existence, being, nature; origin; ajati to have the character of; sajati real occurrence; reality
jātipūrṇṇa
(S) not invalid
jātismara
(S) to remember one's former births
jatu
(S) lacquer; sealing wax
jatū
(S) bat (animal)
jatukaṛmma
husband

--- 200 ---

jatugṛha
(S) house make of lacquer
jatuweśma
(S) house made of lacquer
jatmika
(S ādhyātmaka) inner, internal; still, silent; careful
jātyandha
(S) blind from birth
jana
(S) man
janakatanaya
(S) daughter of king Janaka
janakātmajā
(S) daughter of king Janaka (i.e., Sita)
janakaputrī
(S) see janakātmajā
janakasutā
(S) see janakātmajā
janānurāga
(S) loved by people
janānurāgādi
(S) loved by people
janapada
(S) inland; region, area, district; general, common; mass
jānapada
(S) inferior; subordinate
janapadī
(S) inferior; subordinate
janapriya
(S) loved by people
janārcca
(S janārccā) homage of the people
janārddanamūrti
(S) disguised as Wiṣṇu
janārddanālaya
(S) residence of Wiṣṇu
janaloka
(S) world
janur
young coconut leaf
janottama
(S) important person; excellent person
jantaka
see jātaka: story about the Buddha's birth
jantra
(S) wheel
jantracakra
(S) rotating wheel; sieve

--- 201 ---

janma
(S janman) birth; man; born again; caste; incarnation; angjanma to incarnate
janmāntara
(S) another birth; next life
janmapramāna
(S) sequence of births
janmottama
(S) (of) high birth; nobleman
janmotpatti
(S) origin of birth; cause of birth
japa
(S) sacred formula; prayer; ajapa to pray; to utter sacred formulas
japamantra
(S) sacred formula used in prayer
japayāga
(S) prayer's formula
japyahama
(S) prayer and offerings
jamang
crown; ajamang crowned, to wear a crown
jāmadagni
(S) son of Jamadagni
jamani
(S jawani) a plant
jamanika
(S jawanikā) screen; angjanmanika like a screen, screen-like
jamala
añjamalani to disdain, to humiliate; den jamalani beaten
jamah
mangjamah to force, to dishonor; jajamahan concubine
jamuga
consequence; result
jamur
mushroom
jamjam
quiet, still, silent
jampana
palnwuin, litter
jampi
remedy, medicine
jamba
angjambākěn to throw; jambākěn thrown (away)
jambak
angjambakakěn to grasp, to hold, to seize, to catch; kajambak to have one's hair pulled

--- 202 ---

jambat
slow, long
jambět
majambět drooping, broken (stalk)
jambu
(S) a tree (Jambosa Rmph.)
jambuka
(S) jackal
jāmbūnada
(S) gold
jambul
crest; forelock (of a man); plume
jambe
areca nut
jaya
(S) victory
jayaninitta
(S) indication of victory; sign of victory
jayapattra
(S) certificate of victory; written certificate of being victorious
jayamanggalā
celebration of victory
jayaśatru
(S) to defeat an enemy; superior to an enemy
jayaswabhāwa
(S) to have the qualities necessary for always being victorious
jar
ajarajaran to chat, to have a chat
jarā
(S) old age
jarag
expressly, intentionally, willfully, on purpose
jaran
horse
jarah
angjarah-jarah to rob; kajarah caught, seized
jaring
net
jariji
finger
jaruju
alang-alang grass (a kind of tall grass)
jarupih
keel (of a ship)
jarṇṇih
clear, pure

--- 203 ---

jala
1. (S) water; jalakěn caught in the rain. 2. (S jāla) net; mañjala to fish with a net
jalak
starling
jalakalka
(S) mud
jalakrěḍa
(S) to play in the water
jalāgama
(S) to do asceticism by standing/sitting in the water
jalāgamana
(S) to immerse/soak in the water
jalagraha
stonemason, stonecutter; añjalagraha to become a stonemason or stonecutter
jalāṇḍaka
(S) fish egg
jalada
(S) cloud
jaladakāla
(S) rainy season
jaladawṛnda
(S) cloud
jaladaśabda
(S) cloud's voice/sound; thunder
jaladasamāgama
(S) gathering clouds
jaladhara
(S) cloud
jaladharamāla
(S) bouquet of clouds; name of a verse form
jaladhimantri
(S) sea watchman; harbor master
jaladhumaja
(S) consisting of water
jalanātha
(S) king of the sea; another name for the god Waruna
jalanidhi
(S) sea
jalantara
majalantara well known, famous
jalarang
red squirrel
jalāwagāha
(S) to dive into the water

--- 204 ---

jalawāsa
(S) dwelling-place in the water
jalawāha
(S) to carry water
jalasṇāna
(S) to bathe with water
jalasthāna
(S) water supply; lake
jalāhāra
(S) to consume only water; water carrier
jalahastin
crocodile
jalir
prostitute
jalu
man; husband; jalu-jalu man; husband
jaladdagati
(S) to go down into the water-flood; name of a verse form
jawa
1. (S yawa) millet. 2. the island of Java; angajawa to go to Java; mangjawākna will translate it into Javanese
jawat
1. angjawat to address indirectly; to insinuate. 2. mangjawat to carry; to bring; to use
jawěh
rain, see jawuk
jawil
mangjawil to touch; jamawil to give a hint
jawuk
rain; jinawukan awarded
jah
therefore
jahangět
according to
jahat
kajahat hit by bad luck
jahit
angjahit to tyrannize, to mistreat; jinahit sewed, sewn
jahnawi
(S) another name for Gangga
jahnī
(S) another name for Gangga
jahya
(jahe) (S) ginger
jěg
suddenly, all of a sudden

--- 205 ---

jěngat
juměngat to get up, to stand up
jěngěr
amazed, astonished
jěngok
angjěngok to look with outstretched neck
jěngkang
añjěngkangakěn to push someone in such a way that he falls on his back; kajěngkang to fall on one's back
jějěk
jějěkan inferior, subordinate
jějěp
añjějěp to creep along
jějěr
ajějěr to stop, to pause
jěnar
1. a flower (Murraya L.) 2. yellow; jiněnaran yellowed. 3. ajěnar quiet, calm
jěněk
absorbed, occupied; glad; ajěněk absorbed (in), occupied
jěněng
añjěněng to stand; to carry out; juměněnga will reign, will rule; pañjěněng government
jěnu
powder; ajěnu to use powder
jěplak
añjěplakakěn to open
jěbad
musk, civet; jiněbad perfumed with musk, civet
jěběng
pencil, brush
jěmah
later (on); in future
jěmur
confused; mixed; ajěmur confused; mixed
jěrah
(jrah) much; spread; ajrah spread over; añjrah spread everywhere
jěrěm
see jrěm
jěring
see jring
jěrih
(jrih) afraid, fearful; jějěrih coward; tañjrih fearless, unafraid
jěro
see jro

--- 206 ---

jělag
añjělag open(ed); suddenly
jělěg
mañjělěg to stand
jěwah
to speak much
jöng
foot, leg; square
jingkat
añjingkat startled
jingga
red
jingjang
pañjingjang horse
jingjing
añjingjing slender, slim
jitākṣara
(S) kajitāṣaran trick, ruse, invention, splendid idea; mind, spirit
jitajala
(S) to defeat water
jitasabhā
(S sabhājita) honored, respected
jitendriya
(S) who bridles his passions
jina
(S) Buddha
jinatwa
(S) degree of attaining the state of Buddhahood
jinātmaka
(S) incarnation of Buddha
jinaputra
(S) son of Buddha
jinābhiṣeka
(S) ending of Buddhahood; to become Buddha for the last time
jinamūrtti
(S) incarnation of Buddha
jinawimba
(S) picture of Buddha; image of Buddha
jinasmṛti
(S) meditation on Buddha
jinah
money
jiněm
bedroom, sleeping room
jineśwari
(S) Buddha's wife

--- 207 ---

jīmūta
(S) name of a verse form; thunder
jīrika
(S jhrīrika) cricket
jiring
angjiringi to build up, to set up, to form, to establish
jīrṇṇa
(S) 1. weak; invalid; destroyed; old; tan jīrṇṇa eternal, perpetual. 2. fresh; glad; angjīrṇṇa fresh, glad; añjīrṇṇani to satiate the stomach
jīrṇṇodhāra
(S) one who repairs something that has been destroyed
jīwa
(S) soul; life; jīwān animated; inspired
jīwakāla
(S) life; sajīwakāla during one's life
jīwakṣaya
(S) dead; to lose the soul
jīwaghātaka
(S) killer of living beings
jīwajīwa
(S) a bird
jīwātma
(S jīwātman) beloved
jīwadāna
(S) gift/present the people who are still alive
jīwana
(S) life
jīwānugama
(S) to follow the surviving people
jīwamātra
(S) only soul
jīwasangkrānti
(S) transition to another life
jiwit
ajiwit-jiwitan to pinch one another
jīwita
(S) life
jisnu
(S) another name for Arjuna
jihmaga
(S) snake
jihmayuddha
(S) to fight unfairly
jihwā
(S) tongue

--- 208 ---

jihwāgra
(S) tongue-tip
jihwāmūlīya
(S) guttural
jukung
ship; pajukung boatman, skipper, shipmaster
jukut
vegetables, side dishes
jukur
mañjukur stuck in the throat
juga
only, merely; too, also; like; continuous, incessant
jugug
ajugug to bark
jugul
stupid, silly
jugjug
to come; angjugjug to go directly to
jung
foot
jungut
bathing place
jungkěl
añjungkěl to fall upside down; kajungkěl to fall upside down
jujug
see jugjug
juti
1. disguise; añjuti to disguise oneself; to change one's appearance. 2. criminal, wicked, evil; false, unfair; ajuti to be unfair
jūti
(S) quick, fast
judi
gambling
junti
a game
jumput
jumumput to take; to grasp, to seize, to hold (in one's hand)
jurang
ravine, valley, gorge; añjurang to dig up
jurit
pajurit army
juru
head, foreman, leader; expert; angjuru to become a leader/expert; juru gusali smith; juru judi gambler; juru jalir brothel-keeper; exploiter of prostitutes; juru tambangan ferryman; juru barata

--- 209 ---

stage actor; juru mas goldsmith
juruh
liquid coconut sugar; anjuruh to flow, to drip
julay
ajulay to know very well; see jule
julig
false, sly, cunning
julingah
añjulingah glad; cheerful; excited, animated, enthusiastic
juluk
1. neck. 2. juluk-juluk flag; banner. 3. jujuluk title
julung
unlucky child
julung-julung
to be one with, to be united
jule
ajule to know very well
jengkel
annoyed, vexed; lame, paralyzed
jong
1. boat, ship. 2. umbrella; ajong to use an umbrella; to hide one's face
jongkong
jumongkong; to squat
jona
what is said and what is answered
joli
litter, palanquin
jñāna
(S) science; knowledge; meaning; thought; consciousness; ajñāna to think; majñāna clever, skillful, capable
jñākawaśa
(S) power of science
jñānawiśeṣa
(S) high science, high knowledge
jñānasandhi
(S) high science, high knowledge
jñānī
(S) clever; wise
jñānekatwa
(S) only aimed at consciousness
jñāpaka
(S) to inform; to let know; to teach
jyut
pajyut light, gleam, shine; lamp

--- 210 ---

jyeṣṭa
(S yeṣṭha) oldest; name of a month
jyoti
(S jyotis) light, gleam, shine, ray
jyotiṣa
(S) astronomy
jyotiṣatantra
(S) book on astronomy
jyotsnā
(S jyutsna) the bright light middle of the month
jrah
much; spread out; angjrah spread out
jrěm
in a destroyed condition; ajrěm destroyed
jring
a tree (Lagerstroemia L.)
jruk
species of citrus fruit
jrum
1. ruse, trick, invention, splendid idea; solution. 2. añjrum to lie; to lie down, to fall down
jro
depth, deep; ajěro deep
jwāla
(S) gleam, shine; flame, fire
jwalana
(S) fire; god of fire
jwalita
(S) to shine, to glitter, to glisten; to flame, to blaze, to burn
jwah
in future

JH

jhag
all of a sudden, suddenly
jhaṭiti
(S) quick, fast; suddenly, all of a sudden
jharjharīkṛta
(S) damaged; destroyed
jharjharita
(S) destroyed
jhaṣa
(S) fish

--- 211 ---

Ñ

ñatan
of course; probably
ñamu
añamu-ñamu to feel
ñamut
ñamut-ñamut very far
ñěñěr
fine, splendid; lovely, sweet, nice; añěñěr fine, splendid; lovely, sweet, nice
ñěp-ñěp
proper, decent, fitting
ñělěd
bent; bowed
ñip-ñip
quiet, still, calm, silent

ṭika
letter; alphabet; aṭika-ṭikan to write
ṭungka
(S khaṭungka) wicked, criminal; mean, low
ṭěkṭěk
ěkṭěkan beat; blow
ṭěṭěk
woodpecker (bird)
ṭog
only

ḍakět
masiḍakětan close by, close to, nearby, near to; to bound on
ḍake
aḍake shallow, not profound
ḍang
1. honorific prefix; ḍang hyang the reverent. 2. paḍangan kitchen
ḍangan
light (not heavy)
ḍangir
ḍinangkir weeded, cleaned

--- 212 ---

ḍangḍang
crow
ḍangṣṭra
(S damstrā) canine
ḍaḍa
breast
ḍaḍangan
instrument used in smoking meat
ḍaḍat
to tear; ḍaḍati torn (off)
ḍaḍap
1. a tree (Erythrina indica). 2. oblong shield; aḍaḍap armed with an oblong shield
ḍaḍal
destroyed; run through
ḍaḍung
string, cord
ḍaḍut
aḍaḍut strong
ḍaṇṭa
aḍaṇṭa-ḍaṇṭa to parade; in rows, in queues
ḍaṇḍa
1. (S ḍaṇḍa) hammer, cudgel. 2. fine, punishment. 3. force
ḍaṇḍanīti
(S dandanīti) guide to jurisprudence
ḍatěng
(ḍatang) to come; arrival; ḍatěngan guest
ḍatu
king
ḍapöt
asuḍapötan to touch (one another)
ḍapunta
honorific address
ḍapur
kitchen; rama ḍapur village master, village headman
ḍam
(ḍām) maḍam nearly overripe; rotten-ripe
ḍamārgga
highway, main road
ḍampa
litter, palanquin
ḍayang
lady-in-waiting; waiting woman; female priest; female animal
ḍayoh
kaḍayohan to receive a guest
ḍara
1. pigeon. 2. ḍara-ḍara precipitate, rash, hasty

--- 213 ---

ḍarak
aḍarak-ḍarak in rows, lined up, drawn up
ḍarat
aḍarat to walk; paṇḍarat bridle, reins
ḍalang
puppeteer in the shadow-theather
ḍalam
(ḍalěm) stomach, intestines
ḍawa
kaḍawa a fish
ḍawak
self
ḍawuh
1. to fall. 2. hour, watch, clock. 3. ḍawuhan dyke
ḍasar
bottom
ḍasih
aḍasih dear, darling, beloved; kaḍasih dear, darling, beloved; honored, respected
ḍasḍas
aḍasḍas to leer, to pry
ḍah
fie! bah!
ḍaharijja
prosperous
ḍahěm
maḍahěm to clear one's throat
ḍahina
day; by day; wangunḍahina dawn
ḍahung
aṇḍahung to roar, to howl, to whine
ḍahut
aṇḍahut to draw, to pull
ḍěku
aḍěku to kneel
ḍěngěn
wild animal
ḍěngěr
amiḍěngěrakěn to hear, to listen
ḍěngö
(rěngö) to hear, to listen
ḍěḍět
solid, massive, compact, packed; pitch dark; aḍěḍět compact, massive, packed; to oppress, to push
ḍěḍěm
maḍěḍěm ear-deafening sound
ḍěḍěr
ḍiněḍěr sowed (everywhere), scattered, strewn

--- 214 ---

ḍěḍěs
aḍěḍěs 1. to approach. 2. silih ḍěḍěs to jostle one another
ḍěṇḍa
a fine
ḍěpa
(ḍěpā) 1. fathom (measurement). 2. aḍěpa to bend, to bow
ḍěmit
mysteriousness, mystery; aḍěmit small; little; trivial; worthless, valueless; maḍěmit concealed, hidden; small; fine
ḍěmpěl
aḍěmpěl close together, packed
ḍěh
(döh) Hey; Bah; Fie
ḍiḍik
saḍiḍik a little, a bit
ḍiri
angḍiri to stand; to govern, to reign; silih ḍiri substitute; deputy; successor; makeshift
ḍiwas
kaḍiwas a sea fish
ḍū
ah! O dear!
ḍuk
ḍinuk stabbed
ḍuka(n)
concubine
ḍukut
grass
ḍukuh
small village
ḍungkul
not pointed, not sharp, dull, blunt; unhorned
ḍuḍat
torn; wounded; silih-ḍuḍat to wound/hurt each other
ḍuḍuk
1. digging up; delving; stabbing; angḍuḍuk to dig up, to delve; to stab. 2. to sit; piniḍuḍuk married off; pamiḍuḍukan bridal room
ḍuḍut
ḍuḍutan destroyed; broken into pieces
ḍumpak
aṇḍumpak to kick
ḍuyung
seacow, manatee (Halicore dugong)

--- 215 ---

ḍura
a group of people
ḍuri
thorn
ḍuryyan
a thorned fruit, the durian
ḍulang
wooden basin/cask
ḍuh
ah! Oh dear!
ḍuhak
torn (off)
ḍeng
dried and spiced meat
ḍeṇḍeng
paḍeṇḍeng sound of musical instruments
ḍeḍel
broken (away), loose
ḍeměs
aḍeměs beautiful, nice
ḍo
Oh! Oh dear!
ḍomas
eight hundred
ḍyam
still, quiet

T

t
second person pronoun; also used for the imperative
ta
1. suffix denoting intensity; topic marker. 2. second person pronoun, used in the imperative
not
tak
will not be ... (past participle) ... by me; I don't ...; see tag
takari(n)
though; isn't it?
tākarih
indeed not
takasan
that will do; it is nothing; never mind; just let ... (it be)
takěp
matakěp to become one, to fuse; to collide (against)

--- 216 ---

takěr
atakěr to measure; measured
takělěk
takělěkan armpit
taki
tumaki-taki to attempt, to endeavor; to try; to train oneself
takir
basin made of banana leaf
takis
atakis to avert, to parry, to ward off, to beat off; patakis a weapon to avert; panakis a weapon to parry, to ward off
takih
see takir
takut
affraid; frightened; katakut what is feared; katatakut frightening; to frighten, to intimidate; awful, horrible
takup
matakup to cover, to shut
takurang
embrace; satakurang as long as/as far as one can embrace; fathom
takul
tumakul to bend, to bow, to stoop; katakulan embraced
takon
to ask; see takwan
tākoli
very clever; unequalled, matchless
takolya
I don't have pity (on ...)
takwan
to ask; patakwan question
takṣaka
(S) snake
tag
I don't ...; see tak
tagih
anagih to press for payment, to dun; tumagihakěn to remind of, to warn
tagu
tinagwatagwakěn consoled/entertained with what is available
tang
small basin
tangā
tangā-tangā be careful! attention!; considered, regarded as; to notice, to watch

--- 217 ---

tangan
hand; anangan kalih to receive with both hands; mānanganangan slaughtered; tinangan beaten with the hand; patangan assistant, helper
tangi
see tanghi
tangis
lamentation, wailing, cry
tange
(tangay) wide
tangeh
far (from)
tangkar
breast-bone
tangkěp
matangkěp to fight
tangkěb
manangkěb to catch (with a net)
tangkěs
concise, brief, shortened
tangkil
1. atangkil to have a stem, with a stem. 2. anangkil to appear before
tangkulak
quiver for arrows
tangga
atatangga to be neighbors, to have as a neighbor
tanggap
to receive, to take
tanggama
1. to receive. 2. katanggama astonished; suddenly, all of a sudden
tanggal
1. date (calendrical). 2. atanggal to stand up, to get up
tanggalang
tumanggalang to resist, to fight against
tanggěl
ananggěl to resist, to oppose, to contradict, to fight; tumanggěl to stop, to thwart, to hinder, to check
tanggěh
warning, reprimand; see tangguh
tanggö
tumanggö to put into, to bring in
tanggöng
atanggöng prepared to fight
tanggung
burden, load; strength

--- 218 ---

tanggul
atanggul resisted; warded off, parried, stopped
tanggalun
a fruit (Protium javanicum Burm.)
tangguh
address, remark; warning; atangguh to warn
tanggon
tan patanggon affected, moved
tanggwa
atanggwa strong, solid, firm; reliable; loyal
tanggwan
arrow; tatanggwan arrow
tangngeh
far (from)
tangtang
regarding, concerning; anangtang to threaten; defying, challenging; manangtang to defy, to challenge; panangtang challenger; challenge
tangmolah
to live, to stay; see tamolah, tarmolah
tangluha
1. a fruit. 2. loose, free
tanghi
to get up, to wake up; atanghi to get up, to wake up
tanghulun
see sanghulun
tajěm
sharp
taji
1. artificial spur (of a fighting cock). 2. tinaji cut; chopped
tajing
head ornament
taña
to ask; question
tañcěb
tinañcěbakěn stuck (into); planted (in)
tañjak
anañjak to jump
tañjahat
to succeed; to hit
tañjung
tañjung- flower (Mimusops elengi)
taṭa
(S) boundary; edge, rim
taṭāka
(S) lake; well

--- 219 ---

tāṭakākya
(S) named Taṭaka
taṭit
(S taḍit) lightning; a flash of lightning
tāḍakāra
diligent, industrious; orderly, correct, disciplined
taḍana
punishment; reprimand
taḍah
food; anaḍah to eat; to invite; manaḍah to receive; to catch; to eat
taḍaharṣa
a bird
taḍahasih
a bird
taṇḍa
1. flag, banner; taṇḍa-taṇḍa banners. 2. foreman, commander; official; treasurer. 3. sign, mark; feature
taṇḍak
ataṇḍak to dance
taṇḍāgra
point/tip of a banner
taṇḍang
to proceed, to carry out; see tandang
taṇḍěg
hindrance, obstacle
taṇḍěm
tumaṇḍěm prepared to attack
taṇḍěs
finished, cleaned; ataṇḍěs clean; fallow
taṇḍing
equal, match; counterpart; opponent, opposing party, adversary; partner; taṇḍingan comparison; proportion; parallel, resemblance; match, competition
taṇḍula
(S) hulled rice grain
tat
you don't ...; you are not ...
tata
father
tatā
orderly, correct; atatā orderly; in a fixed place; tinatā put in order
tātat
intensive form of tat (q.v.)
tatan
no, not; see tan

--- 220 ---

tatap
anatap to beat, to collide
tatayi
(S ātatāyin) evil, bad, wicked; to threaten
tātar
see tatan
tatar
anatara will spread out/unfold/explain
tatal
tatal-tatal broken; cut off; fragment (of glass), splinter; tatal-tatalan splinters
tatas
broken; anatasi to break; to chase, to pursue, to drive away, to expel, to evict
tatah
1. chisel. 2. anatah to penetrate, to break through
tatigurwī
(S) name of a verse form
tating
to hang (intr.); anatingi to hang (trans.); to carry in one's hands
tatu
wound; anatoni to wound
tatur
gold
tātkarin
(S) to carry out the same work, to do the same thing
tatkāla
(S) at that time; tatkāla ni pamūjā nira when he was doing his prayers
tattěra
(S) edge
tatpara
(S) 1. absorbed (in). 2. abroad
tatawa
(tatwa) (S tattwa) truth; existence, nature; history; story; atatwa to tell a story
tatwajña
(S tattwajña) to know the truth; atatwajña very experienced
tatwādyāmika
(S tattwādhyātmaka) the most sublime element
tatwawit
(S) to know the truth
tatwopadeśa
(S) knowledge of existence

--- 221 ---

tatwopadeśāgama
(S) official/approved books on the knowledge of existence
tatśeṣa
(S) remainder, rest
tathā
(S) then
tathāgata
(S) another name for Buddha
tathāgatapratiwimba: (S) image/statue of Buddha
tathāgatī
(S) female Buddha
tathāpi
(S) but; tathāpinya nevertheless
tathya
(S) right, just, true; rightness, justice, truth
tad
see tat
tadamantara
(S) shortly after
tadanu
(S) then
tadanukṛti
(S) in accordance with that; consequently
tadardhika
(S) half of it
tadin
separated
tāde
sure(ly), certain(ly), undoubted(ly)
tadwat
(S) also, too
tan
not, no
tanag
atanag dispute, quarrel, wrangle; stubborn
tanapa
never mind; not to care
tanaya
(S) son; child; inhabitant
tanah
earth, world
taněk
mananěk to cook (rice); pataněkan kitchen, cooking place, cook-house
taněm
plant; mananěm-naněm to plant; to plant repeatedly

--- 222 ---

taněh
kataněhan pinched; oppressed, suppressed; hit
tani
1. earth; atatanen to live from agriculture. 2. patani hall; stairs; couch
tanu
(S) body; trunk; brig (of a ship); slender, slim; fine; patanun parts of the body
tanumadhyā
(S) having a small waist; name of a verse form
tanūnapāt
(S) another name for Agni
tan ora
there is no ...; not to be
tan oli
it must be, it cannot be altered, dead certain, undoubted
tan ngeh
far (from); see tangeh
tantu
1. place. 2. (S tantū) thread, string, cord
tantun
question; to ask
tāntya
story
tantra
sacred formula; prayer; rule; base, principle; habit, tradition
tantragata
expert in sacred formulas
tantri
string, cord; guide, guidance
tandang
attitude; beginning of movement; to proceed; tumandang to proceed; to begin to move; to work; to attack
tanduk
matanduk to do, to carry out
tandur
matandur to grow; to plant; tinandur planted; tanduran plant
tanmātra
(S) sense element
tanmolah
to stay, to live; see tamolah
tanwakṣepa
(S) to leave the body (spirit)
tanwang
cry; yell; call

--- 223 ---

tanwī
(S) name of a verse meter
tap
1. suddenly; all of a sudden. 2. atap in heaps; matap in rows; close together; packed; matap-atap in layers, in rows, terraced; tinap put in order
tapa
(S tapas) asceticism; hermit; priest; atapa to practice asceticism
tapak
free; anapak to enter, to step on; to keep, to stop
tapabrata
(S) pledge/vow to practice asceticism
tapaṛṣi
(S) priest-hermit
tapas
1. (S) asceticism. 2. a stain on the body
tāpasa
(S) male ascetic
tāpasagaṇa
(S) a group of hermits/priests
tāpasabrata
(S) tāpasawrata) vow/pledge of a hermit
tāpasaweṣa
(S) dressed as a hermit
tāpasī
(S) female ascetic
tāpasījana
(S) inhabitant of a hermitage
tapaswarūpadhara
(S) to use the appearance of a hermit
tapaswī
(S tapaswin) hermit
tapěl
statue, image; mask; manapěl to stick to; tumapěl to stick to; patapělan mask-game
tapi
female ascetic
tapikanyā
young female ascetic
tapině
female ascetic
tapis
1. manapis to decrease, to lessen, to diminish, 2. cloth, skirt; tinapis dressed in a skirt
tapih
skirt; anapihi to cover with a skirt; matapih to wear a skirt

--- 224 ---

tapu
a head ornament
tapuk
1. atapuk to perform in wayang- style; anapuk to act as a wayang- figure. 2. atapukan to gather; to consult. 3. anapuk to beat
tapodhara
(S) priest
tapowana
(S) hermitage
tapowṛddhah
(S) to grow old while practicing asceticism
tapwa
not yet; not; see tapwan
ta pwa
but (i.e., ta + pwa)
tapwan
not yet, not; without; although not
tabang
tabang-tabang a drum
taběh
beat; o'clock; anaběh to beat the gamělan; tabě-taběhan musical (percussion) instruments, gamělan
tabuk
anabuk alike, the same, similar; a tie; quits; anabuka to beat; to hit, to let someone beat
tam
not, no
tama
1. clever, skillful; expert; katama skillful, expert. 2. to enter; to penetrate; tumama to enter, to penetrate
tamak
not me; I don't ...
tamag
not me; I don't ...
tamat
not you; you don't ...
tamatak
not me; I don't ...
tamatad
not you; you don't ...
tamatan
not he; he doesn't ...
tamatar
not he; he doesn't ...
tamad
not you; you don't ...

--- 225 ---

taman
1. garden. 2. not (denying particle)
tamapi
(S kathamapi) whatsoever
tamar
not, no
tāmara
percussion instrument; see gāmara
tamāla
not little; much; see tamalah
tamalah
not little; much; continuous, incessant
tamas
cauldron
tāmasa
(S) dark; afraid; anxious, uneasy; katāmasan darkness
tamasākyā
(S tamasākhyā) named Tamasā
tāmasīmaya
(S) made of darkness; to cause darkness
tamah
(S tamas) darkness; passion; greedy; desire, craving
tami
ananami to entertain; see tamuy
tamī
(S) night
tamisra
(S) darkness; dark
tamuy
guest; panamuy entertainment
tamoga
(S) to walk in the darkness
tamomaya
(S) to consist of darkness; that which is is the darkness
tamolah
to stay; to live; consistent, continuous, incessant; permanent; see tarmolah
tāmoli
1. matchless, unequalled. 2. permanent, stable; to stay, to remain; see tamolah
tāmolin
unhesitating; sure, certain
tamtam
gladly; with pleasure; to want; anamtami to like
tampa
1. tumampana receive it!

--- 226 ---

2. tumampa to descend a mountain
tampak
track, trace; makapanampak to lean on, to rest on; to perch on
tampar
anampar shaken; tan panampar without tie, without band; not bound to
tampah
a large measure
tampěk
beat, to beat
tampět
panampětan remedy/device to stop bleeding
tampik
anampik to parry, toward off, to avert
tamping
edge, rim, side
tampil
anampil to jump upon; to appear before; manapil to bring, to take; to seize, to keep
tampu
katampwan to get dust in one's eye
tampur
manampur startled
tampuh
to fall; atampuh to meet; anampuhi to throw at; tumampuh to attack; to beat, to hammer
tampuhawang
captain (of a ship); see puhawang
tampo
a delicacy
tampyak
tampyak-tampyak to clap one's hands, to applaud
tampyal
1. piece by piece; pieces; a hand's breadth. 2. slap; stroke, blow; manampyal to beat, to strike; silih tampyal to beat/strike one another
tamba
(tambā) remedy, medicine; distraction, relaxation; tambanana will be cured/healed
tambak
dike; wall; matambak to block/bar the way; manambakakěn to use as a dike
tambakur
cauldron; basin; plate
tambaga
copper; tumambaga copper-like

--- 227 ---

tambang
1. string; cord; reins, bridle. 2. anambang to leave. 3. manambangi to ferry over, to take across; tambangan ferry-boat
tamban
atamban slowly; long
tambay
(tambe) first, at the beginning; beginning; new; in the future; afterwards; anambay to try; to test; manambay having just come; tambayan quickly; first, beginning; for the first time; formerly; sakatambay the next day; the next morning; sakatambesuk the next morning; dawn
tambayang
anambayang to float in the air
tambas
matambas clear, transparent
tamběng
1. silly, stupid. 2. makatamběng to border on, to have as its rim/edge
tamběh
addition; atamběh to increase, to grow
tāmbi
the edge of a board; anāmbi to hide/live between the edges of boards
tambing
(tāmbing) edge, rim, side; manambing-nambing to slant; to slope
tambirang
tumambirang middle-aged
tambiring
anambiring to throw (at)
tāmbis
nearly; scarcely; not yet
tambul
(tāmbul) side dishes; tāmbutāmbul various side dishes
tambe
first; beginning; see tambay, tamwayan
tambwang
gleam, shine; to rise; tumambwang to gleam, to shine, to sparkle
tambhāra
atambara light, not heavy
tamyang
1. shield. 2. a kind of grass
tāmrapraśāsti
(S) copper inscription
tamwakur
plate; basin; see tambakur

--- 228 ---

tamwayan
beginning; formerly; see tambe, tambay
taya
not; not to be; no more; anayākěn to destroy; kinatayan free from
tayung
tumayung to swing, to dangle; to hang loosely
tayub
anayub to drink
tayūra
(S keyūra) bracelet
tar
not, no
tara
more (than)
tārā
(S) 1. star. 2. wife of a dhanibodhisattwa
tāraka
(S) 1. beloved; apple of the eye; eyeball. 2. star
tarakṣa
(S) jackal; tiger
tārāgraha
(S) group of stars
tarang
tinarang-tarang penetrated
tāranggaṇa
(S tārāgaṇa) group of stars
taranggul
kataranggul nailed down (to)
tarangtang
tarangtangěn penetrable; clear, transparent
taraju
scales; balance; tarajwana ought to be considered; ought to be taken into consideration
tarañjana
1. magic, witchcraft, hypotism. 2. anarañjana to dance
taratag
verandah; shed, lean to; tent
taratap
ataratap to beat (like a heart); makataratap confused
taratay
ataratayan learning to walk; in rows, in queues
tarate
lotus flower

--- 229 ---

tarapatha
(S) heaven
tarab
taraban border; borderland
taramaya
to consist of stars
taramtam
ataramtam in rows
tarambuja
(S) watermelon; pumpkin
tarayan
sound of trumpet/trombone
tārāyana
(S) name of a holy tree
tarawang
penetrable; transparent; anarawang clear-sighted, clear-eyed; manarawang clear
tarawarṣa
a plant; see tarahudan
tarah
tarahan robber; katarahan robbed
tarahudan
see tarawarṣa
tarětěp
tarětěpan attic, garret
tari
tariněn ought to be invited; ought to be presented/offered to
tarik
to draw; to pull; atarik continuously, incessantly; panarik device for drawing/pulling
taring
1. storehouse. 2. tusk (of an elephant). 3. tataring blacksmith
taritis
drops; makataritis to drop; dotted
tarip
katarip cut
tarib
wall
tarima
anarima to receive; anarimāni to give as a wife
tariwal
katariwal forgotten, gone
taru
(S) tree
taruka
complex of houses; small village; anaruka to choose a permanent home; live permanently

--- 230 ---

tarung
fight, battle; quarrel; atarung to fight; to collide; atarunga will fight
taruṇa
(S) young, young man; tumaruṇa young; prabhu taruṇa crown prince, royal prince
taruṇī
(S) girl
tarub
village; matarub to set up a tent; to form a village
taruwung
anaruwung to peel; to cut into pieces; to cut fine
taruh
tide, flood; overflow, inundation; anaruh to rival; to compete with
taroñjī
a musical instrument
tarkka
(S) deliberation; suspicion, distrust; anarkka to accuse, to charge
tarkkādi
(S) philosophy and so on (and other sciences)
tarjjana
(S) threat, intimidation; disdain, humiliation; manarjjana to threaten; to intimidate; to attack
tarjjanīrakṣa
(S) protection for the forefinger
tarpa
not to use; without
tarpahīngan
endless; unlimited; boundless
tarppaṇa
(S) object of sexual desire; victim of someone's passion; tumarppaṇakna will be the object of sexual desire; tan panarppaṇa unsatisfied
tarmolah
permanent; immovable; to stay, to remain; see tamolah
tarmoli
matchless, unequalled, incomparable
tal
a palm whose leaves are used to write on; satal as large as a tal- tree
tāla
(S) a musical instrument

--- 231 ---

talaga
(S taḍaga) lake; pond; well
talang
1. bamboo pipe; tinalangan to be led or channelled to. 2. matalang empty; tumalangakěn to replace; patalangan interest
talangkup
to lie face down; atalangkup to make lie face down, to place upside down; matalangkup to clap one's hands, to applaud
talatah
clear, obvious; slowly
talad
stained, shamed, discredited
talandang
manalandangi to work very hard; see tandang
talapak
talapakan sole of the foot; see talampak
talamastaka
a fruit
talampak
sole of the foot; talampakan dust of your feet
talawung
tumawalungan voice/sound from afar
tālawṛtta
(S) fan made of coconut leaves
talawya
(S) sharp palatal stop
talěr
talěra look for it!
talěs
a tuber (Colocasia antiquorum Schott)
talěh
1. atalěh drunken. 2. atalěh-talěh jammed, get stuck, wedged
tali
1. string, cord; hoop, band; thread; atali-tali to wrap round, to twine round, to wind round; matali-tali to fight with a piece of cord; makatali to continue; katalyan bound; caught in a snare, fallen into a trap. 2. a flower
talika
(S kākatālīyam) suddenly, all of a sudden; atalitalika to appear suddenly
talinga
ear; makatalinga to have ears; tinalingan heard, learned; panalinga side
taliṇḍang
mataliṇḍang to wrap up; to wind round

--- 232 ---

talibukung
analibukungi used as a rear guard
talu
beat, to beat; defeated; silih-talu to defeat one another
taluk
talukan to incite, to instigate
taluki
gauze
taluktak
miller, milling works; clanging noisemaker; analuktak clanging, clashing; to clang, to clash
talutug
tinalutug locked
talutur
atalutur to follow; to obey
talutuh
sticky plant sap, resin; stain
talun
garden
taluntang
manaluntang to fall on one's back; to fall down
talpa
(S) couch; seat
talpaka
(S talpaga) forced, raped, kidnapped, dishonored; analpaka to force, to dishonor
tawa
1. to melt. 2. neutralizer; atawa to neutralize. 3. a plant
tawang
1. firmament, sky, space; tawang-tawang to fly; anawang to fly. 2. manawang to surround, to enclose
tāwat
(S) as long as, during; then
tawan
(tawān) 1. tax official, tax collector. 2. captive; atatawan continuous, incessant; anawan to capture, to arrest; manawan to conquer, to rob; makatawan to capture, to arrest
tawěng
atawěng-tawěng covered; tumawěngi to cover
tawö
tumawö to bail water; see tawū
tawing
screen, curtain; edge, rim; atawing screened; atawing-tawing to cover (with a screen); anawing to cover one's eyes with one's hand; katawingan covered

--- 233 ---

tawū
atatawū to look for a fish by draining the water; anawū to bail water; see tawö
tawur
1. victim. 2. religious thanksgiving meal; patawuran place of a religious thanksgiving meal
tawurag
katawurag spread over (everywhere); scattered; to flee; to run helter-skelter; to chase one another; to compete with each other
tawwang
cry, yell; anawwang to cry, to yell
tawwan
bee; tawwa-tawwan bees
tas
matasa will take it from the Fire
tasak
ripe, ripened, cooked; finished; atasak cooked; ripe
tasön
quick, fast
tasi
anasi to beg; panasi request
tasik
ocean; makatasik situated on the shore of an ocean; anak-tasik lake
taskara
(S) robber; highwayman
tasmāat
(S) then; therefore
tasmād
(S) then; therefore
tah
also, too
taha
(tahā) 1. meaning; suspicion; guess; tan panahā brave, courageous, audacious. 2. tahā not, no; see taham
tahap
a drink
taham
not, no
tāhas
utensils made of copper
tahěn
1. tree; firewood; atahěn woodcutter; artisan; tinahěn to be given firewood; to get firewood. 2. proof against; to stand; atahěn to hold out, to stand firm; anahěn to support, to carry on one's back; tan patahěn irresistible, unbearable

--- 234 ---

tahi
dirt, filth, refuse; faeces
tahil
a measure of weight; anahili to weight
tahu
to know; common, usual; expert; experienced; tahu-tahu very experienced
tahun
year
tahur
makatahura as a payment for, paying: tahura wil sacrifice oneself; see tawur
tahurag
katahurag gone, away,disappeared
tahulan
bone; point of an arrow
těas
see twas
těka
to come; til, until; aněka to attack; tuměka to come, to arrive; tiněkan attacked; ambushed; katěka to come, to arrive; katěka-těka heard by, learned by; katěkan to come, to arrive; hit, struck, attacked
těkap
1. by; from; for; by means of; těkap ing because; katěkapan hit, struck, těkapan with, by means of; by; event; case; thing. 2. atěkap to sing
těkěk
aněkěk to strangle
těkět
aněkět to inform; to warn; maněkět to advise; to order, to command; pitěkět advice, warning, reprimand
těkěn
stick, staff; board, plate; atěkěn to use a stick; to lean on/against; tiněkěn seized, occupied
těkěs
atěkěs to inhale. 2. cap, head cloth, headdress of a mask-dancer
těkěm
tuměkěm silent; still; to hold fast, to have in one's hand; těkěmakěn pressed down, suppressed
těkö
maněkwa will buy, to want to buy; tan patěkwan not for sale; unobtainable
těki
a kind of grass (cyprus)

--- 235 ---

těku
aněku-něku just arrived, just come
těkuk
tiněkuk folded
těkung
tuměkung to bow; to bend; bent
těkwan
again; and; moreover; even
těgal
dry arable land
těgěg
confused; absent-minded; perplexed; disconcerted
těgěl
1. to be able to bring oneself to, to be able to find it in one's heart to ... 2. wax
těgěs
tiněgěs cut; tiněgěsan cut into pieces, cut fine
těgö
atěgö firm, solid, strong
těguh
solid, firm; firmness, steadiness, perseverance, decisiveness; kumatěguhakěn to hold on firmly to, to stand by firmly
těgor
atěgor to fell, chop down
těngā
těngā-těngā to look up; see těnghā
těngange
noon
těngara
sign, signal, semaphore
těngah
mid, middle; aněngah to the middle; amatěngah to go to the middle; patěngah half; patěngahan inside
těngět
atěngět to refuse, to resist, to disprove; to disapprove; avaricious
těngěn
1. right (side); aněngěn to the right; to consider most important, to stress, to emphasize; těngěnan right side. 2. těngě-těngěn honesty, righteousness, uprightness
těngěr
(těngör) matěngran characterized, marked; tiněngěr marked, labeled, characterized; looked at fixedly; paněngör token, mark, characteristic, label; těngěran flag; sign; token, mark, label

--- 236 ---

těngö
atěngö to refuse to say something; see těngět
těngu
red flea, chicken louse
těnggěk
neck, throat; pinakatěnggěk used as a neck or throat
těnggěng
kamitěnggěng dumbfounded, charmed, bewitched; kamatěnggěngěn dumbfounded, charmed, captivated
těnggö
atěnggö stiff, tight, hard
těnghā
to look up; tuměnghā to look up
těñuh
1. to flow. 2. destroyed
těḍa
1. food, meal. 2. request; aněḍa to beg, to ask, to request
těḍak
aněḍak to equip with; tiněḍak attacked
těḍas
wound, wounded
těḍun
to go down, to descend; slant, slope; těḍunan slant, slope; rapids
těḍuh
1. quiet; patient; atěḍuh quiet, calm. 2. aněḍuh to beg, to request
těnḍas
1. head; paněṇḍas foreman, pioneer, vangguard. 2. tuměṇḍas in the direction of; to go to
těnḍěk
atěnḍěk bent; to jostle each other
tětěk
woodcutter; anětěk to cut
tětěg
1. beat, blow; tětěgěn ought to be beaten. 2. anětěg to want to know soon/directly
tětěp
firm, fixed, permanent, lasting, constant, definite; tinětěpakěn fixed, defined, established, confirmed; deepened
tětěr
tinětěr hit repeatedly
tětěl
close together, packed; atětěl to jostle each other; anětěl to press, to push

--- 237 ---

tětěs
turned out, proved; to come out of the egg; anětěs to come out of the egg; to break
tětěh
anětěh to regret; katětěh pushed aside; squeezed
tětö
melody, song; poem, verse
těnah
wood, forest, jungle
těněng
atěněng round
těnung
witchcraft, black magic, hypnotism
těnun
aněnun to weave
těpa
tiněpa compared with; measured according to
těpak
beaten with the hand; aněpak to beat with the hand
těpat
atěpat just, precise; to fulfil (a promise); to coincide with, exactly the same; see těpět
těpas
1. eating place, stall; workshop; place to stay, place to pass the night; matěpas there were stalls. 2. katěpas something made public; secrets being revealed
těpěng
(těpöng) tuměpěng to hold, to grasp, to seize; tan paněpöng unbearable; taman patěpěngan bound boundless, unlimited; countless, innumerable; taman paněpěnga continuously, incessantly
těpět
just, right, precisely; atěpět, just, right; permanent, definite, constant; aněpět in the right direction; to go directly to
těpi
edge, rim, side; boundary, border; matěpi-těpi to border on; maněpi-něpi repeatedly, again and again; těpisiring neighbor
těpis
aněpis to fish with a kind of net
těpung
atěpung to meet; to come together
těpus
tiněpus measured; tětěpusan distance
těba
aněba to attack; to trespass, to transgress

--- 238 ---

těbas
aněbas to cut, to hew
těbah
aněbah to beat
těběng
1. cover; skin; incessant; to desire, to crave; těběng-těběng middling, moderate. 2. name of weapon
těběs
see těbas
těbu
sugarcane
těbus
aněbus to ransom, to buy off, to buy in
těmah
birth, genesis; incarnation; atěma-těmahan to change into; aněmahakěn to result in, to come to, to end in; matěmah to become, to incarnate; matěmahan to change into, to become
těměn
righteous, upright, honest, good, straight, just
těmu
1. meeting; to be able; to come to; aněmu to meet, to experience; to suffer; to get; atěmu-tangan to marry; patěmu-tangan marriage, wedding. 2. turmeric (Curcuma sp.)
těmpak
orderly, regular
těmpah
square-measure
těmpuh
to go through, to run against, to crash into, to collide with; aněmpuh to crash into, to collide with; to attack; matěmpuh to attack; maněmpuh in masses, in a disorderly mass; tuměmpuh ri to fall into
těmploh
a boat, prau
těmbang
beat; aněmbang to beat; to chastise, to whip, to scourge
těmbing
edge, rim, side
těmbung
atěmbung to beat; silih těmbung to beat one another
těmbe
1. beginning; the next day; těmbesuk the next day; těmbeyan beginning, commencement, to begin.

--- 239 ---

2. in the future, later on; see tambe
těrag
katěrag run into, to run into, violated; trampled down
těrap
tiněrapakěn turned on, put on, installed, placed, mounted, applied, inserted
těrěs
(trěs) katrěsan afraid of, to fear
těrěh
calm, still; to seetle down, to drop (of the wind): atěrěh quiet, calm
těrik
a swallow (bird)
těrus
(trus) penetrating; going through
tělā
chink; crevice, aperture; atělā to crack, to burst; full of cracks, full of holes
tělas
already; finished; ready; after; atělasan to end, to finish; matělasan to end
tělah
1. anělah to joke, 2. anělah to call, to mention; panělah name
tělěng
1. depth, pit (in a river or sea). 2. name of a plant (Tělěng-chitorea ternatea)
tělěb
packed, close together; intimate; deep; atělěb much; close together, compact
tělěs
wet, humid, moist, new; anlěsi to wet
tělu
three; angatělwani to work together with two persons; thode three work at; saka telu three by three
těluk
bent, bowed, turning, curved
tělung
tumělung to bow, to incline, to hang down
těluh
aněluh to hypnotize, to bewitch
těwas
result, consequence; atěwasa will result in, will end in; tan patěwas fruitless, ineffectual, futile, vain
těwěk
1. intermediary; contemporary; atěwěk since,

--- 240 ---

after; satěwěk during. 2. paněwěka in order to satisfy. 3. see twěk
těwěr
(těwör) maněwěr to chop fine; to notch
těhak
aněhak to stab
těhěr
then, afterwards, later on; moreover; further; continuous, incessant
töb
close together, compact; thick; atöb thick; dense, leafy
ti
seven
tika
that, those, the
tikang
that, those, the
tikanang
that is it (more emphatic than tikang)
tikěl
cut off; broken; destroyed, damaged; anikěl to break; to bend; to bow; anikěli to frown, to knit one's brow; tikělakna will multiply; panikěl fold, pleat, turn up (e.g., of trousers)
tikěs
manikěs-nikěs to hide
tiki
(t + iki) this, these
tikin
this, these
tikihěn
this, these
tiku
that, those
tikung
that, those
tikus
1. rat, mouse; anikus to steal. 2. tikus-tikusan a bird
tike
this, these
tiko
that, those
tikta
(S) 1. bitter. 2. fragrant, odorous
tiktamālūra
another name for Majapahit

--- 241 ---

tikṣṇa
(S) sharp; full, firm, solid; burning (hot); extremely
tiga
1. three. 2. patiga floor; pinatiga given a floor
tigan
sirih leaf, sirih plant
tigamata
the three-eyed (god); another name for Śiwa
tigas
aninigasi to kill; pinanigasakěn renewed
tigita
(S) sharp, pointed
tigma
(S) warm
tigmakara
(S) sun
tingas
tingasan pointed; see tinghas
tingkah
behavior, conduct, way of acting, doings; situation; way; habit; rule; atingkah orderly, regularly; aningkah to regulate, to put in order, to arrange; pratingkah regulation, order, rule; thing, matter
tingkik
tingkik-tingkik a bird
tinggar
atinggar clearly visible; clear; glad, cheerful
tinggal
atinggal to leave
tinggalung
a large squirrel
tinggil
tinggilakěn lifted high
tinggiling
ant-eater
tinggilis
aninggilis to stand alone; maninggilis firm, solid
tingting
1. aningting to jingle, jingling. 2. maningting a bird
tinghal
to look, to scrutinize; view, look; tuminghal to look at; tinghali look!
tinghas
1. aninghas to cut. 2. to stop (of rain)

--- 242 ---

tija
hit, struck
tiñjo
to visit; to observe, to survey; aniñjo to look, to observe, to survey; to visit
tiḍa
tiniḍa drawn hard, pulled hard
tiḍěm
to doze, to take a nap; to grow hazy/foggy; to became silent
tiṇḍa
tiniṇḍa disdained, humiliated; paniṇḍa disdain, humiliation
tiṇḍěs
katiṇḍěs suppressed, oppressed
tiṇḍih
load, burden; atiṇḍih squeezed, oppressed; continuous, incessant; matiṇḍih to suppress, to oppress
tiṇḍu
atiṇḍu-tiṇḍu to make a commotion/an uproar
titah
a battle-array; rule; decision; order, command; atitah with rules, according to the rules; manitah to order, to command
titik
orderly, regular, disciplinary; tinitikakěn marked, characterized; used as a mark; patitik a spy
titig
hit, struck
titip
atitip 1. close together, compact; packed, jostling one another. 2. to entrust, to confide; to stake, to risk; to deposit; titipan goods entrusted, deposit
titir
1. repeatedly, again and again; commonly, a great deal; perhaps, probably; anitir to beat repeatedly. 2. alarm; alarum
titil
anitil to worl at repeatedly; to carry out again and again
titis
1. drop; dot; stain, sparkle; tumitis to drip, to drop, to trickle. 2. patitis hair on the forehead, forelock. 3. anitisi to penetrate, to enter; tumitisa will incarnate. 4. matitis to aim (at); patitis just, right, precise; to hit

--- 243 ---

titih
victory; atitih together; in heaps, piled up; anitihi to drive in a carriage, to ride on horseback
tithi
(S) date, day, month
tithī
guest; katithī received as a guest
tinda
tininda scolded, to get a scolding
tindak
to walk, to proceed, to go; tinindakan trampled down, trod underfoot
tindik
anindika to make a hole in the earlobe
tip
atip close together, packed; thick; jostling one another; see titip
tipas
tinipasan kept, preserved, deposited
tipis
anipis thin; a little, abit
tipu
manipu to deceive, to make a fool of someone
tibā
to fall; tibā-tibā the night is falling; patibajampi medical expenses
tībra
(S tīwra) very; extreme; sharp; hard
timah
1. tin. 2. atitimahan to bet, to stake
timi
(S) a large sea fish
timinggila
(S) whale
timira
(S) dark; darkness
timiraripu
(S) owl
timur
east; putih timur dawn
timtim
timtiměn ought to be put into an earthen pot
timpang
limp, crippled
timpal
struck, hit; tinimpalakěn thrown away; pushed aside; katimpal cut off; torn off
timpuh
matimpuh to sit

--- 244 ---

timprut
manimprut to pinch
timbang
animbang to resemble, to equal; to compete with; manimbangi to give a person tit for tat, to pay (back) a person in his own coin
timbal
animbal by turn, one behind another; in return; katimbalan received, accepted, welcomed
timbil
a sore on the eye
timbun
heap; atimbun in heaps
tīra
(S) edge, side; see tirah
tiraskāra
(S) disdain, humiliation; maniraskāra to disdain, to humiliate
tirah
(S tīra) edge, rim, side; boundary
tiritis
makatiritis dotted
tirip
tax official, tac collector
tiris
coconut; tumirisakěn to drop, to fell, to overthrow; tirisan coconut tree
tiru
aniru to imitate, to copy
tīrtha
(S) holy bathing-place; holy river; holy water; matīrtha to go on a pilgrimage (to); to visit holy places
tīrthayātrā
(S) pilgrimage
tīrthasewana
(S) pilgrimage to holy bathing-places; atīrthasewana to do one's prayers at a holy place
tiryak
(S) animal
tirtyagyoni
(S tairyagyoni) to be born from an animal
tila
sesame; sesame oil; tinila to rub with sesame oil; sprinkled with sesame oil
tilaka
(S) adornment; school insignia; characteristic sign, signal
tilakaṇa
(S) sesame seed

--- 245 ---

tilañjang
loincloth; matilañjang to wear a loincloth
tilaṇḍaga
a fruit
tilapuṣpa
mattress; mat; bed
tilam
pinakatilam used as a bed
tilambu
(S) water mixed with sesame oil
tilar
atilar to leave; to go
tilas
side
tilěm
dark night, moonless night; night of the new moon; sacrificial ceremony for a dead person; tumilěm to give offerings to a dead person
tilik
1. an adornment. 2. atilik to look with outstreched neck; to visit, to call on
tiligir
tiligiran a bird
tiling
to pass a peak/a top; anilingakěn to incline to; tumiling to leer at; to blink one's eyes; katiling intended
tilil
1. a creeping plant. 2. a water bird
tilottama
(S) nymph born out of the quintessence of sesame oil
tilodaka
(S) water mixed with sesame oil
tiwā
titiwā offerings for a dead person; atitiwā to give offerings for a dead person; tumiwā to bury a corpse
tiwar
atiwar to leave; pinatiwar left
tiwas
dead, killed; to fail
tiṣṭa
breast
tīs
fresh, cold; anīsi to cool; makatīs fresh, cold
tisan
coconut
tistis
quiet, still; lonely, lonesome; cool; calm;

--- 246 ---

atistis to become cool/lonely/quiet/silent
tihang
1. pole. 2. atihang to ride on; to aim at, to direct to
tihalang
to cross
tihuk
crack; tumihuk to break, to burst
tu
(S) but, nevertheless
chain; anū bound; inlaid (with gold), encrusted (with jewels); tinū twisted; panū device to tie up, to fasten
tuak
palm wine; see twak, tok
tuk
(S) children
tukang
a monkey
tukar
quarrel; atukar to quarrel; to fight; amitukar to cause a quarrel; mitukarakěn to incite, to instigate
tukěr
anukěr to turn round, to revolve, to overthrow; to throw doen/fling down with a jerk or crash
tukěl
ply, fold; see tikěl; matukěl-tukěl to have a grudge against
tuku
patuku money for purchasing; patuku śawa compensation
tukup
atukup to use/wear a blanket; to oppress, to suppress
tukul
anukulakna will bend, will bow; see tungkul
tugět
tugětan spitfire, hothead; tugětakěna will be mourned/deplored/bewailed
tugěl
broken, cut off; manugěla will cut off, will break
tugu
(memorial) column; pole; tinugwan fenced in, enclosed
tugur
atugur continuosly, incessantly; to hold on,

--- 247 ---

to stand firm, to persist, to defend oneself
tungkak
manungkak to follow
tungkas
pitungkas order; command
tungkěb
tungkěban catch! seize!
tungkul
1. manungkul to bow, to bend, to stoop; to hang; patungkul sign of surrender; see tukul. 2. katungkulan watched, controlled; beneath. 3. katungkul absorbed in
tunggā
(S) high; important; noble; peak, point
tunggak
1. to penetrate. 2. tree trunk, tree stump
tunggang
to ascend; to ride on, to be above; anunggangi to ride on; to drive (in a carriage)
tunggayap
anunggayapi to hang up, to hook onto; atunggayapan to be hanging everywhere
tunggal
one; to agree; gathered; united, at one with; tungga-tunggal alone; matunggalan every, each; one by one
tunggěng
permanent; strong, solid, firm; manunggěnga fearless; will not be afraid; will be solid/firm
tunggir
back, rear, behind
tunggilis
manunggilis to stand; to brag, to boast
tunggu
atunggu to wait, to watch, to serve; panunggwan servitude, bondage, slavery
tunggul
banners; anunggul splendid; fine, good
tungtang
hazy, foggy; vague, indistinct; katungtangan attempt, endeavor
tungtung
point, peak; nipple; matungtung to end; pointed; limited; to border on; manungtung to be upon; katungtungan to the top/peak; panungtung peak, point, top
tunglai
(tunglay) the first day of paringkělan (the six-day week, of which the other days are:

--- 248 ---

aryang, warukung, paningron, (u) was and mawulu
tungha
top, peak, point
tunghap
katunghapan beloved, darling, dear
tucca
(S tuccha) empty; mean; humble; trifle; low; tinuccha disdained, humiliated
tucchakāya
(S) to have a withered body; to have a languishing body
tucchajāti
(S) of low birth
tucchātman
(S) low-hearted, mean-hearted
tucchaya
(S) to empty; to cause poverty
tujah
stretched, pulled out of, drawn out of (the sheath); anujah to beat, to stab
tuju
anuju to point at, to steer for, to aim at, to head for; to hit
tujuh
anujuh-nujuh not to see sharply
tuñang
matuñang to investigate
tuñjung
lotus flower
tuḍung
trumpet, trombone
tuṇḍa
1.fold; pile, heap, set; in heaps, in layers, one under the other. 2. (S) beak, bill
tuṇḍāghāta
(S) to attack with the beak/bill
tuṇḍěs
to oppress, to suppress
tuṇḍu
1. back, rear, behind; see tuṇḍuk. 2. crest, forelock, tuft; see tuṇḍun
tuṇḍuk
back, rear, behind
tuṇḍung
to drive away; to push aside; atuṇḍung to jostle one another; to be driven away
tuṇḍun
tuṇḍunan crest, forelock, tuft

--- 249 ---

tūt
to follow, to go with; as long as, during; atūt peaceful, united, unanimous; patūt agreement; unanimity
tutu
1. calm; quiet. 2. anutu to pound rice
tutuk
mouth
tutug
perfect, complete; final; anutug until, so that; until the end
tutūt
willing to, ready to, prepared to; able; to follow; anutūti to chase, to pursue
tutup
tinutup closed; katutupan shut, closed; see tutub
tutub
cover; panutub rear guard
tutur
1. remembrance, memory; thought; advice; guidance; tradition, habit; atutur to come round, to sober up (from drunkenness); pitutur advice; remembrance, memory; pinituturan warned, reminded. 2. atutur to follow, to obey; tumutur to follow
tutul
anutul to touch
tutuh
beat, stroke, blow; anutuh to cut into pieces; manutuh to beat, to strike
tud
banana flower
tuding
indication, hit; threat; anudingi to indicate with one's forefinger; to threaten
tuduh
1. fate. 2. command, order; hint; manuduh to indicate
tuna
(S tunna) destroyed; to collide with, to strike against; less; to decrease, to diminish; atuna less; to decrease, to diminish; brief; tinuna-nuna broken (words), interrupted again and again
tunajñāna
(S) stupid, silly; without knowledge
tunabuddhi
(S) characterless, unprincipled; wicked
tunaraccana
(S) unable to describe, inderscribable, beyond description

--- 250 ---

tunaśakti
(S) weak
tunah
atunah spread, scattered; patunahan stable, cow shed
tunu
flame, fire; burnt; atunu to burn; burnt; tunwan cremation
tuntěn
tumuntěn soon; further, then; see tuluy
tuntun
guidance; atuntun to guide, to lead, to conduct
tunduk
penetration; katunduk penetrated; stabbed
tūb
anūb to deceive; to attack; manūb to urge; to pursue, to chase; tūban rapid
tubab
katubab pounded; to collide with, to strike against
tubung
tubungěn stammerer
tuma
louse
tumang
1. box; trunk. 2. atumang in heaps; in layers; tumangan fire
tumpa
atumpa-tumpa terraced, storeyed; in layers
tumpak
anumpak to ride (on horseback, in a carriage); to occupy
tumpang
tumumpang to be on something; to sit/lie on
tumpal
edge, rim, side; panumpalan will end
tumpěk
tumumpěk upside down
tumpěng
conically formed cooked rice
tumpěr
firewood; anumpěr to flame, to blaze
tumpi
a cake, a delicacy
tumpihangin
a hollow cake (Modern Jav. opak-angin)
tumpu
anumpu to rob; manumpu to net, to catch with a net

--- 251 ---

tumpur
broken; destroyed, damaged; tutumpur burning, combustion
tumpyatak
square box
tumbak
anumbak to spear, to stab with a lance
tumbas
manumbas to buy
tumbuk
tinumbuk crashed, rammed; pushed (aside)
tumbwas
see tumbas
tuyuh
tuyuhan earthen pot; earthen water barrel
tur
and; again; and, further; tumura will speak
tūr
knee; timūr placed under the knee; beaten with the knee; silih tūr to hit each other with the knee
tura
1. (S) quick, fast; prepared. 2. strong; mighty, powerful; hard; rich; much, many
turaga
(S) horse; paturagan horse stable; see turangga and turanggana
turagagati
(S) 1. to walk like a horse. 2. name of a melodic rhythm
turagādi
(S) horse and so on; horse, etc.
turangga
(S) 1. horse. 2. aturangga edged, bordered
turanggagātra
(S) dark brown
turanggana
(S) horse
turas
tinuras followed; chased, pursued
turah
rest, remainder; aturah be left, be left over, to remain
turi
a tree
turida
love; infatuation; anurida rāga to guard; tinuridan mourned, deplored, bewailed
turū
to sleep; anurunurū to lullaby; anurwani

--- 252 ---

to sleep upon
turung
not yet; tuturung rest, remainder
turut
to pass, to go buy; as long as, during; kapiturut followed, obeyed; see tūt
turun
to descend, to go down; panurun incarnation
turumbul
anurumbul to attack
turuh
something that drops/drips; katuruhan to be dripped upon
tūryya
(S) a musical instrument
tulā
weight; (pair of) scales
tulak
push; anulak to push; patulak expulsion; pursuit
tulang
atulang to fix, to define, to establish, to confirm, to decide
tulangga
body
tulajěg
makatulajěg to protrude everywhere
tulad
example; anulad to imitate, to take as an example; to equal
tulayah
katulayah defeated
tulāyā
to become equal, be quits
tular
atular-tular to move every time/again and again/repeatedly; anular to infect, infectious; to imitate; like, as; tumular to blossom; to spread, to widen, to extend; to look like, to resemble
tulalay
1. to gleam. 2. trunk (of elephant); mouth; tanpānulalay without coiling
tulah
cursed, hit by a curse; punished because of not keeping a promise
tuli
1. a fish. 2. deaf; apituli to pretend deafness, to pretend not to hear; tuli-tuli

--- 253 ---

to pretend deafness; kapituli deaf, dull, deafened. 3. manuli-nuli directly one after the other; see tuluy. 4. katulyan struck/hit by a weapon; see katuluyan. 5. (S) tūli-panuli pencil
tuliring
a sea fish
tulis
book; letter; painting; atulis to paint or describe as something which looks like; atulis-tulis to paint
tulung
help, aid, assistance; anulung to help, to assist, to aid
tulup
blowpipe; anulup to shoot a person with a blowpipe
tulumpak
tumulumpak to mount; see tumpak
tuluy
to penetrate; to soak; to ooze through; advanced; anuluy to continue; tumuluy soon, directly; quickly; then; straight; katuluyan penetrated
tulus
right; really; righteous, upright; anulus in fact, in reality; manulus to penetrate, to soak; perfect; pure, sacred, immaculate; to continue the journey; tulusakna to be finished
tulya
like, as; to look like, to resemble
tulyaguṇa
(S) as clever as; equally good; of the same quality
tulyatwa
(S) similarity with
tulyabhāgya
(S) to have the same fate
tulyalakṣaṇa
(S) to have the same features or characteristics
tuwawa
goods entrusted, deposit; message; saved, kept, preserved
tuwi
1. too, also; and; again; even; though; but; see tuwin. 2. tuwi-tuwi obedient, loyal. 3. (S) much, many; mighty, powerful

--- 254 ---

tuwin
even; indeed, really; too, also; though
tuwir
tuwiran sea animal
tuwu
katuwon incidental(ly); casual(ly); see tuhu
tuwuk
manuwuki to satisfy oneself
tuwung
musical instrument
tuwuh
growth; expensive, not cheap; atuwuh to grow, to live; anuwuhakěn to cause, to bring about, to make; tumuwuh to grow, to develop; tuwuhan place of growth
tuṣāra
(S) cool; dew; vapor, fog
tuṣakara
(S) moon
tuṣakirṇa
(S) moon
tuṣapatana
(S) snowfall
tuṣarasmi
(S) moon
tuṣita
(S) heaven; dwelling place of Buddha
tuṣṭa
(S) glad; satisfied; relieved
tuṣṭacitta
(S) glad; satisfied; relieved
tuṣṭi
(S) satisfied; glad
tūs
1. descendant; tustus incarnation; descendant. 2. water, sticky plant sap; tustus to flow, to drip; katusan sprinkled; influenced
tuha
(tuhā) old; clever; expert; tuha juḍi gambler; tuha dagang merchant, retail trader; tuha buru hunter; tuha rawa fisherman; rāma tuha father-in-law; atuha old; oldest; wwang-atuha father; tinuha head(man), chief; tutuhan ancestor
tuhagaṇa
continuous(ly); orderly, regular; loyal, devoted; reverent; tuhagaṇan be protected
tuhan
master, leader, foreman; atuhan towards one's master

--- 255 ---

tuhu
1. indeed, really; reality; apituhu loyal, devoted; amituhu to carry out; to agree, to approve; tuhwa if it might be really so. 2. tutuhu a night bird
tuhuk
kris (dagger); knife; javelin; anuhuk to stab
tṛṇa
(S) grass
tṛṇatulya
(S) like grass
tṛṇānta
(S) point of a blade of grass
tṛṇawṛkṣa
(S) grass and trees
tṛṇasāra
(S) lawn, grass-plot, greensward
tṛṇodaka
(S) grass and water
tṛpta
(S) satisfied
tṛpti
(S) satisfied; glad; relieved
tṛṣṇa
(S) desire; passion; love; stuck to; to love
te
1. (S) you. 2. no, not
teka
that, those
tekang
that, those
tekān
that is the person who ..., that is the thing/matter which ...
tekana
that, those
tekakěn
that, those
teki
this, these
teking
this, these
tekin
this, these
tekihěn
this, these
tekung
this, these
teg
to jingle, jingling

--- 256 ---

tega
(S tyāga) priest, hermit; see tyāga
tengkek
tětengkek a bird
tengteng
to jingle, jingling
teja
(S tejas) shine, glow, light, radiance; to lighten, to shine; makateja to shine
tejapakṣa
(S) name of a group of priests
tejodwaya
(S) moon and sun
tejomaya
(S) to gleam, to sparkle, to shine, to lighten, to radiate; strong
tethila
(S taithila) a yoga, a type of meditation
tela
atelatela clearly visible
taila
(S) sesame oil; see tila
tok
palm wine; see tuak, twak
tokal
fish trap; poison
toktok
toktokan a kind of flower
tog
until the end; tinog interrogated; cross-examined
toṭaka
(S) moaning, lamentation, wailing
totor
manotor to peel, to scalp
totoh
tinotohakěn risked, staked; see toh (2)
ton
to see; panon face; view; look; eye; tinon be looked at
tomara
short javelin; spear, lance; silih tomara to stab each other with javelins
tomtom
tomtoman a bird
tombok
atombokan to box, to hit one another with the fists
toya
water

--- 257 ---

toyadhi
(S) sea
toyanata
(S) cloud
toyamārgga
(S) stream, current; to walk on the surface of the water
toyāhāra
(S) to live in the water
tor
ator 1. to surround, to go round; to serve. 2. to store up; to receive. 3. tinor turned round, overthrown
toraṇa
(S) gate
torasi(h)
righteous, upright; good, right; satorasi righteously, uprightly, honestly
toli(h)
to look round, to look at; anolih to look at; to mind, to care for, to notice; taman (tan) pamolih not to care for, not to mind; brave, courageous
towi
even; though; moreover; see towin, tuwi
towin
though; indeed; see towi, tuwi
towekṣa
(S anwekṣa) investigation; to look round, to look at
toh
1. come! please! hey! 2. atoh to stake, to bet, to risk; matotohan to bet, to stake
tyakta
(S) to leave
tyāga
(S) to leave; to forget; priest, hermit
tyāgapakṣa
(S) a kind of priest
tyāgī
(S tyāgin) a priest
tyalah
katyalahan hit, struck
trasungay
well; spring
trāsa
afraid of, to fear
trěng
beloved, dear, darling; inside, inner part

--- 258 ---

trěp
trěpan 1. a group of officials. 2. defeated
trěbis
a difficult climbing road; difficult to be approached/to be attained
tri
(S) 1. three. 2. atri to cry/yell loudly. 3. a fish
trikañcu
a tree (Bauhinia tomentosa)
trikāya
(S) the three powers, i.e., kāya, wāk, citta
trikāyaśuddhi
(S) purified by the three powers
trikāyika
(S) possessor of the three powers
trikāla
(S) the three times, i.e., the past, present and future; morning, noon and afternoon
trikalajña
(S) to know the three times
trikoṇa
(S) triangular
trikoṇākāra
(S) triangular
trigañca
(S) quick, fast, rapid; atrigañca to flow rapidly
trigartapati
(S) king of Trigarta
triguṇa
(S) the three elements: sattara, rajah, tamaḥ
trīṇi
(S) three; katrīṇi three; the third
tridaśa
(S) thirteen; thirteen gods
tridaśalaya
(S) place of the thirteen gods
tridiwa
(S) the third heaven
tridhātu
(S) a tricolored chain
trinayang
(S) the three-eyed god (Śiwa)
trinetra
(S) the three-eyed god (Śiwa)
tripakṣa
(S) the third religious school/trend; consisting of three parts

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tripatha
(S) the three ways, the three worlds (heaven, earth and the underworld)
tripurāntakāgni
(S) Śiwa'a fire
tripurapura
(S) kingdom of Tripura; city of Tripura
tripurāri
(S) to enter Tripura (Śiwa)
tripuruṣa
(S) the three gods: Brahma, Wiṣṇu, Śiwa
tripuruṣapati
(S) king of the three heroes
tripradhāna
(S) the three vices: lobha, moha, mūrkka
tripramāṇa
(S) three (kinds of) measures
tribhāga
(S) one third
tribhuwana
(S) the three worlds
tribhuwanapati
(S) king of the three worls
tribhuwanarājya
(S) sovereignty over the three worlds
tribhuwaneśwara
(S) king of the three worlds
trimala
(S) the three sins: artha, kāma, śabda
triyak
(S tiryyak) animal, beast; see tiryak
trirājyadahana
(S) burner of the three worlds (Śiwa)
trirājyāntaka
(S) destroyer of the three worlds (Śiwa)
trirūpa
(S) the three figures/forms/appearances
triloka
(S) the three worlds
trilokaśaraṇa
(S) protector of the three worlds
trilokya
(S trailokya) see triloka
trilocana
(S) the three-eyed god (Śiwa)
triwangśa
(S) the three highest castes (brāhmana, kṣatriya, vaisya); see triwarṇṇa

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triwanda
katriwandan overpowered, conquered, defeated
triwarga
(S) the three noble arts: dharma, kama, ārtha
triwarṇṇa
(S) the three highest castes
triwikrama
(S) incarnation of Wiṣṇu
triwikramapitā
(S) the father of Rama (an incarnation of Wiṣṇu), i.e., Daśaratha
triwiṣṭapa
(S) heaven
triśakti
(S) the three magic powers
triśika
(S triśikha) trident
triśūla
(S) see triśika
triśūlapati
(S) the god Śiwa
trisandhyā
(S) morning, noon, afternoon; anrisandhya to do one's prayers three times
trisamaya
(S) a group of three
trisamwatsara
(S) three years
trisura
(S) the three gods
trut
trumpet, trombone
trutuh
to drizzle
truh
drop, drip; dew; fog; katruhan hit by drops
traitā
(S) silver age; the second age
traitāyuga
(S) the second age
trailokya
(S) the three worlds
trailokyamaṇḍala
(S) circle of the three worlds
trailokyarājya
(S) sovereignty over the three worlds
tryakṣara
(S) the three holy syllables (hang, hung and mang, inplace of "om")

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tryagni
(S) the three fires
tryantakaraṇa
(S) the three causes of death
tryambaka
(S) another name for Śiwa
tlěguk
katlěguk swallowed
tlěpug
makatlěpug to fall
tlěbuk
makatlěbuk to fall
tlěs
just stolen
tlěsik
tinělěsik destroyed
tlih
crop, gizzard
twa
1. (S) you. 2. mother's elder brother
twak
palm wine; see tuak, tok
twang
1. reverence, homage; solemnity; katwang honored, respected. 2. you; ah you!
twab
eructation, belching; atwab to eructate, belch
twaritagati
(S) to walk quickly; name of a verse meter
twas
1. heart; feeling; thought. 2. hard; atwas hard
twěk
(těwěk) knife; large knife; javelin, spear; matěwěk to stab with a knife; paněwěk stabbing instrument

TH

thāni
(tani) wet rice field; agriculture; inhabitant; soil, earth, ground; village; katanen dry arable land; agriculture; pathani laid out/sectioned fields; anak tani farmer; inhabitant; dusun tani inland
thāniwiṣaya
inland, interior

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