ṭika
letter; alphabet; aṭika-ṭikan to write
ṭungka
(S khaṭungka) wicked, criminal; mean, low
ṭěkṭěk
ěkṭěkan beat; blow
ṭěṭěk
woodpecker (bird)
ṭog
only

ḍakět
masiḍakětan close by, close to, nearby, near to; to bound on
ḍake
aḍake shallow, not profound
ḍang
1. honorific prefix; ḍang hyang the reverent. 2. paḍangan kitchen
ḍangan
light (not heavy)
ḍangir
ḍinangkir weeded, cleaned

--- 212 ---

ḍangḍang
crow
ḍangṣṭra
(S damstrā) canine
ḍaḍa
breast
ḍaḍangan
instrument used in smoking meat
ḍaḍat
to tear; ḍaḍati torn (off)
ḍaḍap
1. a tree (Erythrina indica). 2. oblong shield; aḍaḍap armed with an oblong shield
ḍaḍal
destroyed; run through
ḍaḍung
string, cord
ḍaḍut
aḍaḍut strong
ḍaṇṭa
aḍaṇṭa-ḍaṇṭa to parade; in rows, in queues
ḍaṇḍa
1. (S ḍaṇḍa) hammer, cudgel. 2. fine, punishment. 3. force
ḍaṇḍanīti
(S dandanīti) guide to jurisprudence
ḍatěng
(ḍatang) to come; arrival; ḍatěngan guest
ḍatu
king
ḍapöt
asuḍapötan to touch (one another)
ḍapunta
honorific address
ḍapur
kitchen; rama ḍapur village master, village headman
ḍam
(ḍām) maḍam nearly overripe; rotten-ripe
ḍamārgga
highway, main road
ḍampa
litter, palanquin
ḍayang
lady-in-waiting; waiting woman; female priest; female animal
ḍayoh
kaḍayohan to receive a guest
ḍara
1. pigeon. 2. ḍara-ḍara precipitate, rash, hasty

--- 213 ---

ḍarak
aḍarak-ḍarak in rows, lined up, drawn up
ḍarat
aḍarat to walk; paṇḍarat bridle, reins
ḍalang
puppeteer in the shadow-theather
ḍalam
(ḍalěm) stomach, intestines
ḍawa
kaḍawa a fish
ḍawak
self
ḍawuh
1. to fall. 2. hour, watch, clock. 3. ḍawuhan dyke
ḍasar
bottom
ḍasih
aḍasih dear, darling, beloved; kaḍasih dear, darling, beloved; honored, respected
ḍasḍas
aḍasḍas to leer, to pry
ḍah
fie! bah!
ḍaharijja
prosperous
ḍahěm
maḍahěm to clear one's throat
ḍahina
day; by day; wangunḍahina dawn
ḍahung
aṇḍahung to roar, to howl, to whine
ḍahut
aṇḍahut to draw, to pull
ḍěku
aḍěku to kneel
ḍěngěn
wild animal
ḍěngěr
amiḍěngěrakěn to hear, to listen
ḍěngö
(rěngö) to hear, to listen
ḍěḍět
solid, massive, compact, packed; pitch dark; aḍěḍět compact, massive, packed; to oppress, to push
ḍěḍěm
maḍěḍěm ear-deafening sound
ḍěḍěr
ḍiněḍěr sowed (everywhere), scattered, strewn

--- 214 ---

ḍěḍěs
aḍěḍěs 1. to approach. 2. silih ḍěḍěs to jostle one another
ḍěṇḍa
a fine
ḍěpa
(ḍěpā) 1. fathom (measurement). 2. aḍěpa to bend, to bow
ḍěmit
mysteriousness, mystery; aḍěmit small; little; trivial; worthless, valueless; maḍěmit concealed, hidden; small; fine
ḍěmpěl
aḍěmpěl close together, packed
ḍěh
(döh) Hey; Bah; Fie
ḍiḍik
saḍiḍik a little, a bit
ḍiri
angḍiri to stand; to govern, to reign; silih ḍiri substitute; deputy; successor; makeshift
ḍiwas
kaḍiwas a sea fish
ḍū
ah! O dear!
ḍuk
ḍinuk stabbed
ḍuka(n)
concubine
ḍukut
grass
ḍukuh
small village
ḍungkul
not pointed, not sharp, dull, blunt; unhorned
ḍuḍat
torn; wounded; silih-ḍuḍat to wound/hurt each other
ḍuḍuk
1. digging up; delving; stabbing; angḍuḍuk to dig up, to delve; to stab. 2. to sit; piniḍuḍuk married off; pamiḍuḍukan bridal room
ḍuḍut
ḍuḍutan destroyed; broken into pieces
ḍumpak
aṇḍumpak to kick
ḍuyung
seacow, manatee (Halicore dugong)

--- 215 ---

ḍura
a group of people
ḍuri
thorn
ḍuryyan
a thorned fruit, the durian
ḍulang
wooden basin/cask
ḍuh
ah! Oh dear!
ḍuhak
torn (off)
ḍeng
dried and spiced meat
ḍeṇḍeng
paḍeṇḍeng sound of musical instruments
ḍeḍel
broken (away), loose
ḍeměs
aḍeměs beautiful, nice
ḍo
Oh! Oh dear!
ḍomas
eight hundred
ḍyam
still, quiet

T

t
second person pronoun; also used for the imperative
ta
1. suffix denoting intensity; topic marker. 2. second person pronoun, used in the imperative
not
tak
will not be ... (past participle) ... by me; I don't ...; see tag
takari(n)
though; isn't it?
tākarih
indeed not
takasan
that will do; it is nothing; never mind; just let ... (it be)
takěp
matakěp to become one, to fuse; to collide (against)

--- 216 ---

takěr
atakěr to measure; measured
takělěk
takělěkan armpit
taki
tumaki-taki to attempt, to endeavor; to try; to train oneself
takir
basin made of banana leaf
takis
atakis to avert, to parry, to ward off, to beat off; patakis a weapon to avert; panakis a weapon to parry, to ward off
takih
see takir
takut
affraid; frightened; katakut what is feared; katatakut frightening; to frighten, to intimidate; awful, horrible
takup
matakup to cover, to shut
takurang
embrace; satakurang as long as/as far as one can embrace; fathom
takul
tumakul to bend, to bow, to stoop; katakulan embraced
takon
to ask; see takwan
tākoli
very clever; unequalled, matchless
takolya
I don't have pity (on ...)
takwan
to ask; patakwan question
takṣaka
(S) snake
tag
I don't ...; see tak
tagih
anagih to press for payment, to dun; tumagihakěn to remind of, to warn
tagu
tinagwatagwakěn consoled/entertained with what is available
tang
small basin
tangā
tangā-tangā be careful! attention!; considered, regarded as; to notice, to watch

--- 217 ---

tangan
hand; anangan kalih to receive with both hands; mānanganangan slaughtered; tinangan beaten with the hand; patangan assistant, helper
tangi
see tanghi
tangis
lamentation, wailing, cry
tange
(tangay) wide
tangeh
far (from)
tangkar
breast-bone
tangkěp
matangkěp to fight
tangkěb
manangkěb to catch (with a net)
tangkěs
concise, brief, shortened
tangkil
1. atangkil to have a stem, with a stem. 2. anangkil to appear before
tangkulak
quiver for arrows
tangga
atatangga to be neighbors, to have as a neighbor
tanggap
to receive, to take
tanggama
1. to receive. 2. katanggama astonished; suddenly, all of a sudden
tanggal
1. date (calendrical). 2. atanggal to stand up, to get up
tanggalang
tumanggalang to resist, to fight against
tanggěl
ananggěl to resist, to oppose, to contradict, to fight; tumanggěl to stop, to thwart, to hinder, to check
tanggěh
warning, reprimand; see tangguh
tanggö
tumanggö to put into, to bring in
tanggöng
atanggöng prepared to fight
tanggung
burden, load; strength

--- 218 ---

tanggul
atanggul resisted; warded off, parried, stopped
tanggalun
a fruit (Protium javanicum Burm.)
tangguh
address, remark; warning; atangguh to warn
tanggon
tan patanggon affected, moved
tanggwa
atanggwa strong, solid, firm; reliable; loyal
tanggwan
arrow; tatanggwan arrow
tangngeh
far (from)
tangtang
regarding, concerning; anangtang to threaten; defying, challenging; manangtang to defy, to challenge; panangtang challenger; challenge
tangmolah
to live, to stay; see tamolah, tarmolah
tangluha
1. a fruit. 2. loose, free
tanghi
to get up, to wake up; atanghi to get up, to wake up
tanghulun
see sanghulun
tajěm
sharp
taji
1. artificial spur (of a fighting cock). 2. tinaji cut; chopped
tajing
head ornament
taña
to ask; question
tañcěb
tinañcěbakěn stuck (into); planted (in)
tañjak
anañjak to jump
tañjahat
to succeed; to hit
tañjung
tañjung- flower (Mimusops elengi)
taṭa
(S) boundary; edge, rim
taṭāka
(S) lake; well

--- 219 ---

tāṭakākya
(S) named Taṭaka
taṭit
(S taḍit) lightning; a flash of lightning
tāḍakāra
diligent, industrious; orderly, correct, disciplined
taḍana
punishment; reprimand
taḍah
food; anaḍah to eat; to invite; manaḍah to receive; to catch; to eat
taḍaharṣa
a bird
taḍahasih
a bird
taṇḍa
1. flag, banner; taṇḍa-taṇḍa banners. 2. foreman, commander; official; treasurer. 3. sign, mark; feature
taṇḍak
ataṇḍak to dance
taṇḍāgra
point/tip of a banner
taṇḍang
to proceed, to carry out; see tandang
taṇḍěg
hindrance, obstacle
taṇḍěm
tumaṇḍěm prepared to attack
taṇḍěs
finished, cleaned; ataṇḍěs clean; fallow
taṇḍing
equal, match; counterpart; opponent, opposing party, adversary; partner; taṇḍingan comparison; proportion; parallel, resemblance; match, competition
taṇḍula
(S) hulled rice grain
tat
you don't ...; you are not ...
tata
father
tatā
orderly, correct; atatā orderly; in a fixed place; tinatā put in order
tātat
intensive form of tat (q.v.)
tatan
no, not; see tan

--- 220 ---

tatap
anatap to beat, to collide
tatayi
(S ātatāyin) evil, bad, wicked; to threaten
tātar
see tatan
tatar
anatara will spread out/unfold/explain
tatal
tatal-tatal broken; cut off; fragment (of glass), splinter; tatal-tatalan splinters
tatas
broken; anatasi to break; to chase, to pursue, to drive away, to expel, to evict
tatah
1. chisel. 2. anatah to penetrate, to break through
tatigurwī
(S) name of a verse form
tating
to hang (intr.); anatingi to hang (trans.); to carry in one's hands
tatu
wound; anatoni to wound
tatur
gold
tātkarin
(S) to carry out the same work, to do the same thing
tatkāla
(S) at that time; tatkāla ni pamūjā nira when he was doing his prayers
tattěra
(S) edge
tatpara
(S) 1. absorbed (in). 2. abroad
tatawa
(tatwa) (S tattwa) truth; existence, nature; history; story; atatwa to tell a story
tatwajña
(S tattwajña) to know the truth; atatwajña very experienced
tatwādyāmika
(S tattwādhyātmaka) the most sublime element
tatwawit
(S) to know the truth
tatwopadeśa
(S) knowledge of existence

--- 221 ---

tatwopadeśāgama
(S) official/approved books on the knowledge of existence
tatśeṣa
(S) remainder, rest
tathā
(S) then
tathāgata
(S) another name for Buddha
tathāgatapratiwimba
(S) image/statue of Buddha
tathāgatī
(S) female Buddha
tathāpi
(S) but; tathāpinya nevertheless
tathya
(S) right, just, true; rightness, justice, truth
tad
see tat
tadamantara
(S) shortly after
tadanu
(S) then
tadanukṛti
(S) in accordance with that; consequently
tadardhika
(S) half of it
tadin
separated
tāde
sure(ly), certain(ly), undoubted(ly)
tadwat
(S) also, too
tan
not, no
tanag
atanag dispute, quarrel, wrangle; stubborn
tanapa
never mind; not to care
tanaya
(S) son; child; inhabitant
tanah
earth, world
taněk
mananěk to cook (rice); pataněkan kitchen, cooking place, cook-house
taněm
plant; mananěm-naněm to plant; to plant repeatedly

--- 222 ---

taněh
kataněhan pinched; oppressed, suppressed; hit
tani
1. earth; atatanen to live from agriculture. 2. patani hall; stairs; couch
tanu
(S) body; trunk; brig (of a ship); slender, slim; fine; patanun parts of the body
tanumadhyā
(S) having a small waist; name of a verse form
tanūnapāt
(S) another name for Agni
tan ora
there is no ...; not to be
tan oli
it must be, it cannot be altered, dead certain, undoubted
tan ngeh
far (from); see tangeh
tantu
1. place. 2. (S tantū) thread, string, cord
tantun
question; to ask
tāntya
story
tantra
sacred formula; prayer; rule; base, principle; habit, tradition
tantragata
expert in sacred formulas
tantri
string, cord; guide, guidance
tandang
attitude; beginning of movement; to proceed; tumandang to proceed; to begin to move; to work; to attack
tanduk
matanduk to do, to carry out
tandur
matandur to grow; to plant; tinandur planted; tanduran plant
tanmātra
(S) sense element
tanmolah
to stay, to live; see tamolah
tanwakṣepa
(S) to leave the body (spirit)
tanwang
cry; yell; call

--- 223 ---

tanwī
(S) name of a verse meter
tap
1. suddenly; all of a sudden. 2. atap in heaps; matap in rows; close together; packed; matap-atap in layers, in rows, terraced; tinap put in order
tapa
(S tapas) asceticism; hermit; priest; atapa to practice asceticism
tapak
free; anapak to enter, to step on; to keep, to stop
tapabrata
(S) pledge/vow to practice asceticism
tapaṛṣi
(S) priest-hermit
tapas
1. (S) asceticism. 2. a stain on the body
tāpasa
(S) male ascetic
tāpasagaṇa
(S) a group of hermits/priests
tāpasabrata
(S) tāpasawrata) vow/pledge of a hermit
tāpasaweṣa
(S) dressed as a hermit
tāpasī
(S) female ascetic
tāpasījana
(S) inhabitant of a hermitage
tapaswarūpadhara
(S) to use the appearance of a hermit
tapaswī
(S tapaswin) hermit
tapěl
statue, image; mask; manapěl to stick to; tumapěl to stick to; patapělan mask-game
tapi
female ascetic
tapikanyā
young female ascetic
tapině
female ascetic
tapis
1. manapis to decrease, to lessen, to diminish, 2. cloth, skirt; tinapis dressed in a skirt
tapih
skirt; anapihi to cover with a skirt; matapih to wear a skirt

--- 224 ---

tapu
a head ornament
tapuk
1. atapuk to perform in wayang- style; anapuk to act as a wayang- figure. 2. atapukan to gather; to consult. 3. anapuk to beat
tapodhara
(S) priest
tapowana
(S) hermitage
tapowṛddhah
(S) to grow old while practicing asceticism
tapwa
not yet; not; see tapwan
ta pwa
but (i.e., ta + pwa)
tapwan
not yet, not; without; although not
tabang
tabang-tabang a drum
taběh
beat; o'clock; anaběh to beat the gamělan; tabě-taběhan musical (percussion) instruments, gamělan
tabuk
anabuk alike, the same, similar; a tie; quits; anabuka to beat; to hit, to let someone beat
tam
not, no
tama
1. clever, skillful; expert; katama skillful, expert. 2. to enter; to penetrate; tumama to enter, to penetrate
tamak
not me; I don't ...
tamag
not me; I don't ...
tamat
not you; you don't ...
tamatak
not me; I don't ...
tamatad
not you; you don't ...
tamatan
not he; he doesn't ...
tamatar
not he; he doesn't ...
tamad
not you; you don't ...

--- 225 ---

taman
1. garden. 2. not (denying particle)
tamapi
(S kathamapi) whatsoever
tamar
not, no
tāmara
percussion instrument; see gāmara
tamāla
not little; much; see tamalah
tamalah
not little; much; continuous, incessant
tamas
cauldron
tāmasa
(S) dark; afraid; anxious, uneasy; katāmasan darkness
tamasākyā
(S tamasākhyā) named Tamasā
tāmasīmaya
(S) made of darkness; to cause darkness
tamah
(S tamas) darkness; passion; greedy; desire, craving
tami
ananami to entertain; see tamuy
tamī
(S) night
tamisra
(S) darkness; dark
tamuy
guest; panamuy entertainment
tamoga
(S) to walk in the darkness
tamomaya
(S) to consist of darkness; that which is is the darkness
tamolah
to stay; to live; consistent, continuous, incessant; permanent; see tarmolah
tāmoli
1. matchless, unequalled. 2. permanent, stable; to stay, to remain; see tamolah
tāmolin
unhesitating; sure, certain
tamtam
gladly; with pleasure; to want; anamtami to like
tampa
1. tumampana receive it!

--- 226 ---

2. tumampa to descend a mountain
tampak
track, trace; makapanampak to lean on, to rest on; to perch on
tampar
anampar shaken; tan panampar without tie, without band; not bound to
tampah
a large measure
tampěk
beat, to beat
tampět
panampětan remedy/device to stop bleeding
tampik
anampik to parry, toward off, to avert
tamping
edge, rim, side
tampil
anampil to jump upon; to appear before; manapil to bring, to take; to seize, to keep
tampu
katampwan to get dust in one's eye
tampur
manampur startled
tampuh
to fall; atampuh to meet; anampuhi to throw at; tumampuh to attack; to beat, to hammer
tampuhawang
captain (of a ship); see puhawang
tampo
a delicacy
tampyak
tampyak-tampyak to clap one's hands, to applaud
tampyal
1. piece by piece; pieces; a hand's breadth. 2. slap; stroke, blow; manampyal to beat, to strike; silih tampyal to beat/strike one another
tamba
(tambā) remedy, medicine; distraction, relaxation; tambanana will be cured/healed
tambak
dike; wall; matambak to block/bar the way; manambakakěn to use as a dike
tambakur
cauldron; basin; plate
tambaga
copper; tumambaga copper-like

--- 227 ---

tambang
1. string; cord; reins, bridle. 2. anambang to leave. 3. manambangi to ferry over, to take across; tambangan ferry-boat
tamban
atamban slowly; long
tambay
(tambe) first, at the beginning; beginning; new; in the future; afterwards; anambay to try; to test; manambay having just come; tambayan quickly; first, beginning; for the first time; formerly; sakatambay the next day; the next morning; sakatambesuk the next morning; dawn
tambayang
anambayang to float in the air
tambas
matambas clear, transparent
tamběng
1. silly, stupid. 2. makatamběng to border on, to have as its rim/edge
tamběh
addition; atamběh to increase, to grow
tāmbi
the edge of a board; anāmbi to hide/live between the edges of boards
tambing
(tāmbing) edge, rim, side; manambing-nambing to slant; to slope
tambirang
tumambirang middle-aged
tambiring
anambiring to throw (at)
tāmbis
nearly; scarcely; not yet
tambul
(tāmbul) side dishes; tāmbutāmbul various side dishes
tambe
first; beginning; see tambay, tamwayan
tambwang
gleam, shine; to rise; tumambwang to gleam, to shine, to sparkle
tambhāra
atambara light, not heavy
tamyang
1. shield. 2. a kind of grass
tāmrapraśāsti
(S) copper inscription
tamwakur
plate; basin; see tambakur

--- 228 ---

tamwayan
beginning; formerly; see tambe, tambay
taya
not; not to be; no more; anayākěn to destroy; kinatayan free from
tayung
tumayung to swing, to dangle; to hang loosely
tayub
anayub to drink
tayūra
(S keyūra) bracelet
tar
not, no
tara
more (than)
tārā
(S) 1. star. 2. wife of a dhanibodhisattwa
tāraka
(S) 1. beloved; apple of the eye; eyeball. 2. star
tarakṣa
(S) jackal; tiger
tārāgraha
(S) group of stars
tarang
tinarang-tarang penetrated
tāranggaṇa
(S tārāgaṇa) group of stars
taranggul
kataranggul nailed down (to)
tarangtang
tarangtangěn penetrable; clear, transparent
taraju
scales; balance; tarajwana ought to be considered; ought to be taken into consideration
tarañjana
1. magic, witchcraft, hypotism. 2. anarañjana to dance
taratag
verandah; shed, lean to; tent
taratap
ataratap to beat (like a heart); makataratap confused
taratay
ataratayan learning to walk; in rows, in queues
tarate
lotus flower

--- 229 ---

tarapatha
(S) heaven
tarab
taraban border; borderland
taramaya
to consist of stars
taramtam
ataramtam in rows
tarambuja
(S) watermelon; pumpkin
tarayan
sound of trumpet/trombone
tārāyana
(S) name of a holy tree
tarawang
penetrable; transparent; anarawang clear-sighted, clear-eyed; manarawang clear
tarawarṣa
a plant; see tarahudan
tarah
tarahan robber; katarahan robbed
tarahudan
see tarawarṣa
tarětěp
tarětěpan attic, garret
tari
tariněn ought to be invited; ought to be presented/offered to
tarik
to draw; to pull; atarik continuously, incessantly; panarik device for drawing/pulling
taring
1. storehouse. 2. tusk (of an elephant). 3. tataring blacksmith
taritis
drops; makataritis to drop; dotted
tarip
katarip cut
tarib
wall
tarima
anarima to receive; anarimāni to give as a wife
tariwal
katariwal forgotten, gone
taru
(S) tree
taruka
complex of houses; small village; anaruka to choose a permanent home; live permanently

--- 230 ---

tarung
fight, battle; quarrel; atarung to fight; to collide; atarunga will fight
taruṇa
(S) young, young man; tumaruṇa young; prabhu taruṇa crown prince, royal prince
taruṇī
(S) girl
tarub
village; matarub to set up a tent; to form a village
taruwung
anaruwung to peel; to cut into pieces; to cut fine
taruh
tide, flood; overflow, inundation; anaruh to rival; to compete with
taroñjī
a musical instrument
tarkka
(S) deliberation; suspicion, distrust; anarkka to accuse, to charge
tarkkādi
(S) philosophy and so on (and other sciences)
tarjjana
(S) threat, intimidation; disdain, humiliation; manarjjana to threaten; to intimidate; to attack
tarjjanīrakṣa
(S) protection for the forefinger
tarpa
not to use; without
tarpahīngan
endless; unlimited; boundless
tarppaṇa
(S) object of sexual desire; victim of someone's passion; tumarppaṇakna will be the object of sexual desire; tan panarppaṇa unsatisfied
tarmolah
permanent; immovable; to stay, to remain; see tamolah
tarmoli
matchless, unequalled, incomparable
tal
a palm whose leaves are used to write on; satal as large as a tal- tree
tāla
(S) a musical instrument

--- 231 ---

talaga
(S taḍaga) lake; pond; well
talang
1. bamboo pipe; tinalangan to be led or channelled to. 2. matalang empty; tumalangakěn to replace; patalangan interest
talangkup
to lie face down; atalangkup to make lie face down, to place upside down; matalangkup to clap one's hands, to applaud
talatah
clear, obvious; slowly
talad
stained, shamed, discredited
talandang
manalandangi to work very hard; see tandang
talapak
talapakan sole of the foot; see talampak
talamastaka
a fruit
talampak
sole of the foot; talampakan dust of your feet
talawung
tumawalungan voice/sound from afar
tālawṛtta
(S) fan made of coconut leaves
talawya
(S) sharp palatal stop
talěr
talěra look for it!
talěs
a tuber (Colocasia antiquorum Schott)
talěh
1. atalěh drunken. 2. atalěh-talěh jammed, get stuck, wedged
tali
1. string, cord; hoop, band; thread; atali-tali to wrap round, to twine round, to wind round; matali-tali to fight with a piece of cord; makatali to continue; katalyan bound; caught in a snare, fallen into a trap. 2. a flower
talika
(S kākatālīyam) suddenly, all of a sudden; atalitalika to appear suddenly
talinga
ear; makatalinga to have ears; tinalingan heard, learned; panalinga side
taliṇḍang
mataliṇḍang to wrap up; to wind round

--- 232 ---

talibukung
analibukungi used as a rear guard
talu
beat, to beat; defeated; silih-talu to defeat one another
taluk
talukan to incite, to instigate
taluki
gauze
taluktak
miller, milling works; clanging noisemaker; analuktak clanging, clashing; to clang, to clash
talutug
tinalutug locked
talutur
atalutur to follow; to obey
talutuh
sticky plant sap, resin; stain
talun
garden
taluntang
manaluntang to fall on one's back; to fall down
talpa
(S) couch; seat
talpaka
(S talpaga) forced, raped, kidnapped, dishonored; analpaka to force, to dishonor
tawa
1. to melt. 2. neutralizer; atawa to neutralize. 3. a plant
tawang
1. firmament, sky, space; tawang-tawang to fly; anawang to fly. 2. manawang to surround, to enclose
tāwat
(S) as long as, during; then
tawan
(tawān) 1. tax official, tax collector. 2. captive; atatawan continuous, incessant; anawan to capture, to arrest; manawan to conquer, to rob; makatawan to capture, to arrest
tawěng
atawěng-tawěng covered; tumawěngi to cover
tawö
tumawö to bail water; see tawū
tawing
screen, curtain; edge, rim; atawing screened; atawing-tawing to cover (with a screen); anawing to cover one's eyes with one's hand; katawingan covered

--- 233 ---

tawū
atatawū to look for a fish by draining the water; anawū to bail water; see tawö
tawur
1. victim. 2. religious thanksgiving meal; patawuran place of a religious thanksgiving meal
tawurag
katawurag spread over (everywhere); scattered; to flee; to run helter-skelter; to chase one another; to compete with each other
tawwang
cry, yell; anawwang to cry, to yell
tawwan
bee; tawwa-tawwan bees
tas
matasa will take it from the Fire
tasak
ripe, ripened, cooked; finished; atasak cooked; ripe
tasön
quick, fast
tasi
anasi to beg; panasi request
tasik
ocean; makatasik situated on the shore of an ocean; anak-tasik lake
taskara
(S) robber; highwayman
tasmāat
(S) then; therefore
tasmād
(S) then; therefore
tah
also, too
taha
(tahā) 1. meaning; suspicion; guess; tan panahā brave, courageous, audacious. 2. tahā not, no; see taham
tahap
a drink
taham
not, no
tāhas
utensils made of copper
tahěn
1. tree; firewood; atahěn woodcutter; artisan; tinahěn to be given firewood; to get firewood. 2. proof against; to stand; atahěn to hold out, to stand firm; anahěn to support, to carry on one's back; tan patahěn irresistible, unbearable

--- 234 ---

tahi
dirt, filth, refuse; faeces
tahil
a measure of weight; anahili to weight
tahu
to know; common, usual; expert; experienced; tahu-tahu very experienced
tahun
year
tahur
makatahura as a payment for, paying: tahura wil sacrifice oneself; see tawur
tahurag
katahurag gone, away,disappeared
tahulan
bone; point of an arrow
těas
see twas
těka
to come; til, until; aněka to attack; tuměka to come, to arrive; tiněkan attacked; ambushed; katěka to come, to arrive; katěka-těka heard by, learned by; katěkan to come, to arrive; hit, struck, attacked
těkap
1. by; from; for; by means of; těkap ing because; katěkapan hit, struck, těkapan with, by means of; by; event; case; thing. 2. atěkap to sing
těkěk
aněkěk to strangle
těkět
aněkět to inform; to warn; maněkět to advise; to order, to command; pitěkět advice, warning, reprimand
těkěn
stick, staff; board, plate; atěkěn to use a stick; to lean on/against; tiněkěn seized, occupied
těkěs
atěkěs to inhale. 2. cap, head cloth, headdress of a mask-dancer
těkěm
tuměkěm silent; still; to hold fast, to have in one's hand; těkěmakěn pressed down, suppressed
těkö
maněkwa will buy, to want to buy; tan patěkwan not for sale; unobtainable
těki
a kind of grass (cyprus)

--- 235 ---

těku
aněku-něku just arrived, just come
těkuk
tiněkuk folded
těkung
tuměkung to bow; to bend; bent
těkwan
again; and; moreover; even
těgal
dry arable land
těgěg
confused; absent-minded; perplexed; disconcerted
těgěl
1. to be able to bring oneself to, to be able to find it in one's heart to ... 2. wax
těgěs
tiněgěs cut; tiněgěsan cut into pieces, cut fine
těgö
atěgö firm, solid, strong
těguh
solid, firm; firmness, steadiness, perseverance, decisiveness; kumatěguhakěn to hold on firmly to, to stand by firmly
těgor
atěgor to fell, chop down
těngā
těngā-těngā to look up; see těnghā
těngange
noon
těngara
sign, signal, semaphore
těngah
mid, middle; aněngah to the middle; amatěngah to go to the middle; patěngah half; patěngahan inside
těngět
atěngět to refuse, to resist, to disprove; to disapprove; avaricious
těngěn
1. right (side); aněngěn to the right; to consider most important, to stress, to emphasize; těngěnan right side. 2. těngě-těngěn honesty, righteousness, uprightness
těngěr
(těngör) matěngran characterized, marked; tiněngěr marked, labeled, characterized; looked at fixedly; paněngör token, mark, characteristic, label; těngěran flag; sign; token, mark, label

--- 236 ---

těngö
atěngö to refuse to say something; see těngět
těngu
red flea, chicken louse
těnggěk
neck, throat; pinakatěnggěk used as a neck or throat
těnggěng
kamitěnggěng dumbfounded, charmed, bewitched; kamatěnggěngěn dumbfounded, charmed, captivated
těnggö
atěnggö stiff, tight, hard
těnghā
to look up; tuměnghā to look up
těñuh
1. to flow. 2. destroyed
těḍa
1. food, meal. 2. request; aněḍa to beg, to ask, to request
těḍak
aněḍak to equip with; tiněḍak attacked
těḍas
wound, wounded
těḍun
to go down, to descend; slant, slope; těḍunan slant, slope; rapids
těḍuh
1. quiet; patient; atěḍuh quiet, calm. 2. aněḍuh to beg, to request
těnḍas
1. head; paněṇḍas foreman, pioneer, vangguard. 2. tuměṇḍas in the direction of; to go to
těnḍěk
atěnḍěk bent; to jostle each other
tětěk
woodcutter; anětěk to cut
tětěg
1. beat, blow; tětěgěn ought to be beaten. 2. anětěg to want to know soon/directly
tětěp
firm, fixed, permanent, lasting, constant, definite; tinětěpakěn fixed, defined, established, confirmed; deepened
tětěr
tinětěr hit repeatedly
tětěl
close together, packed; atětěl to jostle each other; anětěl to press, to push

--- 237 ---

tětěs
turned out, proved; to come out of the egg; anětěs to come out of the egg; to break
tětěh
anětěh to regret; katětěh pushed aside; squeezed
tětö
melody, song; poem, verse
těnah
wood, forest, jungle
těněng
atěněng round
těnung
witchcraft, black magic, hypnotism
těnun
aněnun to weave
těpa
tiněpa compared with; measured according to
těpak
beaten with the hand; aněpak to beat with the hand
těpat
atěpat just, precise; to fulfil (a promise); to coincide with, exactly the same; see těpět
těpas
1. eating place, stall; workshop; place to stay, place to pass the night; matěpas there were stalls. 2. katěpas something made public; secrets being revealed
těpěng
(těpöng) tuměpěng to hold, to grasp, to seize; tan paněpöng unbearable; taman patěpěngan bound boundless, unlimited; countless, innumerable; taman paněpěnga continuously, incessantly
těpět
just, right, precisely; atěpět, just, right; permanent, definite, constant; aněpět in the right direction; to go directly to
těpi
edge, rim, side; boundary, border; matěpi-těpi to border on; maněpi-něpi repeatedly, again and again; těpisiring neighbor
těpis
aněpis to fish with a kind of net
těpung
atěpung to meet; to come together
těpus
tiněpus measured; tětěpusan distance
těba
aněba to attack; to trespass, to transgress

--- 238 ---

těbas
aněbas to cut, to hew
těbah
aněbah to beat
těběng
1. cover; skin; incessant; to desire, to crave; těběng-těběng middling, moderate. 2. name of weapon
těběs
see těbas
těbu
sugarcane
těbus
aněbus to ransom, to buy off, to buy in
těmah
birth, genesis; incarnation; atěma-těmahan to change into; aněmahakěn to result in, to come to, to end in; matěmah to become, to incarnate; matěmahan to change into, to become
těměn
righteous, upright, honest, good, straight, just
těmu
1. meeting; to be able; to come to; aněmu to meet, to experience; to suffer; to get; atěmu-tangan to marry; patěmu-tangan marriage, wedding. 2. turmeric (Curcuma sp.)
těmpak
orderly, regular
těmpah
square-measure
těmpuh
to go through, to run against, to crash into, to collide with; aněmpuh to crash into, to collide with; to attack; matěmpuh to attack; maněmpuh in masses, in a disorderly mass; tuměmpuh ri to fall into
těmploh
a boat, prau
těmbang
beat; aněmbang to beat; to chastise, to whip, to scourge
těmbing
edge, rim, side
těmbung
atěmbung to beat; silih těmbung to beat one another
těmbe
1. beginning; the next day; těmbesuk the next day; těmbeyan beginning, commencement, to begin.

--- 239 ---

2. in the future, later on; see tambe
těrag
katěrag run into, to run into, violated; trampled down
těrap
tiněrapakěn turned on, put on, installed, placed, mounted, applied, inserted
těrěs
(trěs) katrěsan afraid of, to fear
těrěh
calm, still; to seetle down, to drop (of the wind): atěrěh quiet, calm
těrik
a swallow (bird)
těrus
(trus) penetrating; going through
tělā
chink; crevice, aperture; atělā to crack, to burst; full of cracks, full of holes
tělas
already; finished; ready; after; atělasan to end, to finish; matělasan to end
tělah
1. anělah to joke, 2. anělah to call, to mention; panělah name
tělěng
1. depth, pit (in a river or sea). 2. name of a plant (Tělěng-chitorea ternatea)
tělěb
packed, close together; intimate; deep; atělěb much; close together, compact
tělěs
wet, humid, moist, new; anlěsi to wet
tělu
three; angatělwani to work together with two persons; thode three work at; saka telu three by three
těluk
bent, bowed, turning, curved
tělung
tumělung to bow, to incline, to hang down
těluh
aněluh to hypnotize, to bewitch
těwas
result, consequence; atěwasa will result in, will end in; tan patěwas fruitless, ineffectual, futile, vain
těwěk
1. intermediary; contemporary; atěwěk since,

--- 240 ---

after; satěwěk during. 2. paněwěka in order to satisfy. 3. see twěk
těwěr
(těwör) maněwěr to chop fine; to notch
těhak
aněhak to stab
těhěr
then, afterwards, later on; moreover; further; continuous, incessant
töb
close together, compact; thick; atöb thick; dense, leafy
ti
seven
tika
that, those, the
tikang
that, those, the
tikanang
that is it (more emphatic than tikang)
tikěl
cut off; broken; destroyed, damaged; anikěl to break; to bend; to bow; anikěli to frown, to knit one's brow; tikělakna will multiply; panikěl fold, pleat, turn up (e.g., of trousers)
tikěs
manikěs-nikěs to hide
tiki
(t + iki) this, these
tikin
this, these
tikihěn
this, these
tiku
that, those
tikung
that, those
tikus
1. rat, mouse; anikus to steal. 2. tikus-tikusan a bird
tike
this, these
tiko
that, those
tikta
(S) 1. bitter. 2. fragrant, odorous
tiktamālūra
another name for Majapahit

--- 241 ---

tikṣṇa
(S) sharp; full, firm, solid; burning (hot); extremely
tiga
1. three. 2. patiga floor; pinatiga given a floor
tigan
sirih leaf, sirih plant
tigamata
the three-eyed (god); another name for Śiwa
tigas
aninigasi to kill; pinanigasakěn renewed
tigita
(S) sharp, pointed
tigma
(S) warm
tigmakara
(S) sun
tingas
tingasan pointed; see tinghas
tingkah
behavior, conduct, way of acting, doings; situation; way; habit; rule; atingkah orderly, regularly; aningkah to regulate, to put in order, to arrange; pratingkah regulation, order, rule; thing, matter
tingkik
tingkik-tingkik a bird
tinggar
atinggar clearly visible; clear; glad, cheerful
tinggal
atinggal to leave
tinggalung
a large squirrel
tinggil
tinggilakěn lifted high
tinggiling
ant-eater
tinggilis
aninggilis to stand alone; maninggilis firm, solid
tingting
1. aningting to jingle, jingling. 2. maningting a bird
tinghal
to look, to scrutinize; view, look; tuminghal to look at; tinghali look!
tinghas
1. aninghas to cut. 2. to stop (of rain)

--- 242 ---

tija
hit, struck
tiñjo
to visit; to observe, to survey; aniñjo to look, to observe, to survey; to visit
tiḍa
tiniḍa drawn hard, pulled hard
tiḍěm
to doze, to take a nap; to grow hazy/foggy; to became silent
tiṇḍa
tiniṇḍa disdained, humiliated; paniṇḍa disdain, humiliation
tiṇḍěs
katiṇḍěs suppressed, oppressed
tiṇḍih
load, burden; atiṇḍih squeezed, oppressed; continuous, incessant; matiṇḍih to suppress, to oppress
tiṇḍu
atiṇḍu-tiṇḍu to make a commotion/an uproar
titah
a battle-array; rule; decision; order, command; atitah with rules, according to the rules; manitah to order, to command
titik
orderly, regular, disciplinary; tinitikakěn marked, characterized; used as a mark; patitik a spy
titig
hit, struck
titip
atitip 1. close together, compact; packed, jostling one another. 2. to entrust, to confide; to stake, to risk; to deposit; titipan goods entrusted, deposit
titir
1. repeatedly, again and again; commonly, a great deal; perhaps, probably; anitir to beat repeatedly. 2. alarm; alarum
titil
anitil to worl at repeatedly; to carry out again and again
titis
1. drop; dot; stain, sparkle; tumitis to drip, to drop, to trickle. 2. patitis hair on the forehead, forelock. 3. anitisi to penetrate, to enter; tumitisa will incarnate. 4. matitis to aim (at); patitis just, right, precise; to hit

--- 243 ---

titih
victory; atitih together; in heaps, piled up; anitihi to drive in a carriage, to ride on horseback
tithi
(S) date, day, month
tithī
guest; katithī received as a guest
tinda
tininda scolded, to get a scolding
tindak
to walk, to proceed, to go; tinindakan trampled down, trod underfoot
tindik
anindika to make a hole in the earlobe
tip
atip close together, packed; thick; jostling one another; see titip
tipas
tinipasan kept, preserved, deposited
tipis
anipis thin; a little, abit
tipu
manipu to deceive, to make a fool of someone
tibā
to fall; tibā-tibā the night is falling; patibajampi medical expenses
tībra
(S tīwra) very; extreme; sharp; hard
timah
1. tin. 2. atitimahan to bet, to stake
timi
(S) a large sea fish
timinggila
(S) whale
timira
(S) dark; darkness
timiraripu
(S) owl
timur
east; putih timur dawn
timtim
timtiměn ought to be put into an earthen pot
timpang
limp, crippled
timpal
struck, hit; tinimpalakěn thrown away; pushed aside; katimpal cut off; torn off
timpuh
matimpuh to sit

--- 244 ---

timprut
manimprut to pinch
timbang
animbang to resemble, to equal; to compete with; manimbangi to give a person tit for tat, to pay (back) a person in his own coin
timbal
animbal by turn, one behind another; in return; katimbalan received, accepted, welcomed
timbil
a sore on the eye
timbun
heap; atimbun in heaps
tīra
(S) edge, side; see tirah
tiraskāra
(S) disdain, humiliation; maniraskāra to disdain, to humiliate
tirah
(S tīra) edge, rim, side; boundary
tiritis
makatiritis dotted
tirip
tax official, tac collector
tiris
coconut; tumirisakěn to drop, to fell, to overthrow; tirisan coconut tree
tiru
aniru to imitate, to copy
tīrtha
(S) holy bathing-place; holy river; holy water; matīrtha to go on a pilgrimage (to); to visit holy places
tīrthayātrā
(S) pilgrimage
tīrthasewana
(S) pilgrimage to holy bathing-places; atīrthasewana to do one's prayers at a holy place
tiryak
(S) animal
tirtyagyoni
(S tairyagyoni) to be born from an animal
tila
sesame; sesame oil; tinila to rub with sesame oil; sprinkled with sesame oil
tilaka
(S) adornment; school insignia; characteristic sign, signal
tilakaṇa
(S) sesame seed

--- 245 ---

tilañjang
loincloth; matilañjang to wear a loincloth
tilaṇḍaga
a fruit
tilapuṣpa
mattress; mat; bed
tilam
pinakatilam used as a bed
tilambu
(S) water mixed with sesame oil
tilar
atilar to leave; to go
tilas
side
tilěm
dark night, moonless night; night of the new moon; sacrificial ceremony for a dead person; tumilěm to give offerings to a dead person
tilik
1. an adornment. 2. atilik to look with outstreched neck; to visit, to call on
tiligir
tiligiran a bird
tiling
to pass a peak/a top; anilingakěn to incline to; tumiling to leer at; to blink one's eyes; katiling intended
tilil
1. a creeping plant. 2. a water bird
tilottama
(S) nymph born out of the quintessence of sesame oil
tilodaka
(S) water mixed with sesame oil
tiwā
titiwā offerings for a dead person; atitiwā to give offerings for a dead person; tumiwā to bury a corpse
tiwar
atiwar to leave; pinatiwar left
tiwas
dead, killed; to fail
tiṣṭa
breast
tīs
fresh, cold; anīsi to cool; makatīs fresh, cold
tisan
coconut
tistis
quiet, still; lonely, lonesome; cool; calm;

--- 246 ---

atistis to become cool/lonely/quiet/silent
tihang
1. pole. 2. atihang to ride on; to aim at, to direct to
tihalang
to cross
tihuk
crack; tumihuk to break, to burst
tu
(S) but, nevertheless
chain; anū bound; inlaid (with gold), encrusted (with jewels); tinū twisted; panū device to tie up, to fasten
tuak
palm wine; see twak, tok
tuk
(S) children
tukang
a monkey
tukar
quarrel; atukar to quarrel; to fight; amitukar to cause a quarrel; mitukarakěn to incite, to instigate
tukěr
anukěr to turn round, to revolve, to overthrow; to throw doen/fling down with a jerk or crash
tukěl
ply, fold; see tikěl; matukěl-tukěl to have a grudge against
tuku
patuku money for purchasing; patuku śawa compensation
tukup
atukup to use/wear a blanket; to oppress, to suppress
tukul
anukulakna will bend, will bow; see tungkul
tugět
tugětan spitfire, hothead; tugětakěna will be mourned/deplored/bewailed
tugěl
broken, cut off; manugěla will cut off, will break
tugu
(memorial) column; pole; tinugwan fenced in, enclosed
tugur
atugur continuosly, incessantly; to hold on,

--- 247 ---

to stand firm, to persist, to defend oneself
tungkak
manungkak to follow
tungkas
pitungkas order; command
tungkěb
tungkěban catch! seize!
tungkul
1. manungkul to bow, to bend, to stoop; to hang; patungkul sign of surrender; see tukul. 2. katungkulan watched, controlled; beneath. 3. katungkul absorbed in
tunggā
(S) high; important; noble; peak, point
tunggak
1. to penetrate. 2. tree trunk, tree stump
tunggang
to ascend; to ride on, to be above; anunggangi to ride on; to drive (in a carriage)
tunggayap
anunggayapi to hang up, to hook onto; atunggayapan to be hanging everywhere
tunggal
one; to agree; gathered; united, at one with; tungga-tunggal alone; matunggalan every, each; one by one
tunggěng
permanent; strong, solid, firm; manunggěnga fearless; will not be afraid; will be solid/firm
tunggir
back, rear, behind
tunggilis
manunggilis to stand; to brag, to boast
tunggu
atunggu to wait, to watch, to serve; panunggwan servitude, bondage, slavery
tunggul
banners; anunggul splendid; fine, good
tungtang
hazy, foggy; vague, indistinct; katungtangan attempt, endeavor
tungtung
point, peak; nipple; matungtung to end; pointed; limited; to border on; manungtung to be upon; katungtungan to the top/peak; panungtung peak, point, top
tunglai
(tunglay) the first day of paringkělan (the six-day week, of which the other days are:

--- 248 ---

aryang, warukung, paningron, (u) was and mawulu
tungha
top, peak, point
tunghap
katunghapan beloved, darling, dear
tucca
(S tuccha) empty; mean; humble; trifle; low; tinuccha disdained, humiliated
tucchakāya
(S) to have a withered body; to have a languishing body
tucchajāti
(S) of low birth
tucchātman
(S) low-hearted, mean-hearted
tucchaya
(S) to empty; to cause poverty
tujah
stretched, pulled out of, drawn out of (the sheath); anujah to beat, to stab
tuju
anuju to point at, to steer for, to aim at, to head for; to hit
tujuh
anujuh-nujuh not to see sharply
tuñang
matuñang to investigate
tuñjung
lotus flower
tuḍung
trumpet, trombone
tuṇḍa
1.fold; pile, heap, set; in heaps, in layers, one under the other. 2. (S) beak, bill
tuṇḍāghāta
(S) to attack with the beak/bill
tuṇḍěs
to oppress, to suppress
tuṇḍu
1. back, rear, behind; see tuṇḍuk. 2. crest, forelock, tuft; see tuṇḍun
tuṇḍuk
back, rear, behind
tuṇḍung
to drive away; to push aside; atuṇḍung to jostle one another; to be driven away
tuṇḍun
tuṇḍunan crest, forelock, tuft

--- 249 ---

tūt
to follow, to go with; as long as, during; atūt peaceful, united, unanimous; patūt agreement; unanimity
tutu
1. calm; quiet. 2. anutu to pound rice
tutuk
mouth
tutug
perfect, complete; final; anutug until, so that; until the end
tutūt
willing to, ready to, prepared to; able; to follow; anutūti to chase, to pursue
tutup
tinutup closed; katutupan shut, closed; see tutub
tutub
cover; panutub rear guard
tutur
1. remembrance, memory; thought; advice; guidance; tradition, habit; atutur to come round, to sober up (from drunkenness); pitutur advice; remembrance, memory; pinituturan warned, reminded. 2. atutur to follow, to obey; tumutur to follow
tutul
anutul to touch
tutuh
beat, stroke, blow; anutuh to cut into pieces; manutuh to beat, to strike
tud
banana flower
tuding
indication, hit; threat; anudingi to indicate with one's forefinger; to threaten
tuduh
1. fate. 2. command, order; hint; manuduh to indicate
tuna
(S tunna) destroyed; to collide with, to strike against; less; to decrease, to diminish; atuna less; to decrease, to diminish; brief; tinuna-nuna broken (words), interrupted again and again
tunajñāna
(S) stupid, silly; without knowledge
tunabuddhi
(S) characterless, unprincipled; wicked
tunaraccana
(S) unable to describe, inderscribable, beyond description

--- 250 ---

tunaśakti
(S) weak
tunah
atunah spread, scattered; patunahan stable, cow shed
tunu
flame, fire; burnt; atunu to burn; burnt; tunwan cremation
tuntěn
tumuntěn soon; further, then; see tuluy
tuntun
guidance; atuntun to guide, to lead, to conduct
tunduk
penetration; katunduk penetrated; stabbed
tūb
anūb to deceive; to attack; manūb to urge; to pursue, to chase; tūban rapid
tubab
katubab pounded; to collide with, to strike against
tubung
tubungěn stammerer
tuma
louse
tumang
1. box; trunk. 2. atumang in heaps; in layers; tumangan fire
tumpa
atumpa-tumpa terraced, storeyed; in layers
tumpak
anumpak to ride (on horseback, in a carriage); to occupy
tumpang
tumumpang to be on something; to sit/lie on
tumpal
edge, rim, side; panumpalan will end
tumpěk
tumumpěk upside down
tumpěng
conically formed cooked rice
tumpěr
firewood; anumpěr to flame, to blaze
tumpi
a cake, a delicacy
tumpihangin
a hollow cake (Modern Jav. opak-angin)
tumpu
anumpu to rob; manumpu to net, to catch with a net

--- 251 ---

tumpur
broken; destroyed, damaged; tutumpur burning, combustion
tumpyatak
square box
tumbak
anumbak to spear, to stab with a lance
tumbas
manumbas to buy
tumbuk
tinumbuk crashed, rammed; pushed (aside)
tumbwas
see tumbas
tuyuh
tuyuhan earthen pot; earthen water barrel
tur
and; again; and, further; tumura will speak
tūr
knee; timūr placed under the knee; beaten with the knee; silih tūr to hit each other with the knee
tura
1. (S) quick, fast; prepared. 2. strong; mighty, powerful; hard; rich; much, many
turaga
(S) horse; paturagan horse stable; see turangga and turanggana
turagagati
(S) 1. to walk like a horse. 2. name of a melodic rhythm
turagādi
(S) horse and so on; horse, etc.
turangga
(S) 1. horse. 2. aturangga edged, bordered
turanggagātra
(S) dark brown
turanggana
(S) horse
turas
tinuras followed; chased, pursued
turah
rest, remainder; aturah be left, be left over, to remain
turi
a tree
turida
love; infatuation; anurida rāga to guard; tinuridan mourned, deplored, bewailed
turū
to sleep; anurunurū to lullaby; anurwani

--- 252 ---

to sleep upon
turung
not yet; tuturung rest, remainder
turut
to pass, to go buy; as long as, during; kapiturut followed, obeyed; see tūt
turun
to descend, to go down; panurun incarnation
turumbul
anurumbul to attack
turuh
something that drops/drips; katuruhan to be dripped upon
tūryya
(S) a musical instrument
tulā
weight; (pair of) scales
tulak
push; anulak to push; patulak expulsion; pursuit
tulang
atulang to fix, to define, to establish, to confirm, to decide
tulangga
body
tulajěg
makatulajěg to protrude everywhere
tulad
example; anulad to imitate, to take as an example; to equal
tulayah
katulayah defeated
tulāyā
to become equal, be quits
tular
atular-tular to move every time/again and again/repeatedly; anular to infect, infectious; to imitate; like, as; tumular to blossom; to spread, to widen, to extend; to look like, to resemble
tulalay
1. to gleam. 2. trunk (of elephant); mouth; tanpānulalay without coiling
tulah
cursed, hit by a curse; punished because of not keeping a promise
tuli
1. a fish. 2. deaf; apituli to pretend deafness, to pretend not to hear; tuli-tuli

--- 253 ---

to pretend deafness; kapituli deaf, dull, deafened. 3. manuli-nuli directly one after the other; see tuluy. 4. katulyan struck/hit by a weapon; see katuluyan. 5. (S) tūli-panuli pencil
tuliring
a sea fish
tulis
book; letter; painting; atulis to paint or describe as something which looks like; atulis-tulis to paint
tulung
help, aid, assistance; anulung to help, to assist, to aid
tulup
blowpipe; anulup to shoot a person with a blowpipe
tulumpak
tumulumpak to mount; see tumpak
tuluy
to penetrate; to soak; to ooze through; advanced; anuluy to continue; tumuluy soon, directly; quickly; then; straight; katuluyan penetrated
tulus
right; really; righteous, upright; anulus in fact, in reality; manulus to penetrate, to soak; perfect; pure, sacred, immaculate; to continue the journey; tulusakna to be finished
tulya
like, as; to look like, to resemble
tulyaguṇa
(S) as clever as; equally good; of the same quality
tulyatwa
(S) similarity with
tulyabhāgya
(S) to have the same fate
tulyalakṣaṇa
(S) to have the same features or characteristics
tuwawa
goods entrusted, deposit; message; saved, kept, preserved
tuwi
1. too, also; and; again; even; though; but; see tuwin. 2. tuwi-tuwi obedient, loyal. 3. (S) much, many; mighty, powerful

--- 254 ---

tuwin
even; indeed, really; too, also; though
tuwir
tuwiran sea animal
tuwu
katuwon incidental(ly); casual(ly); see tuhu
tuwuk
manuwuki to satisfy oneself
tuwung
musical instrument
tuwuh
growth; expensive, not cheap; atuwuh to grow, to live; anuwuhakěn to cause, to bring about, to make; tumuwuh to grow, to develop; tuwuhan place of growth
tuṣāra
(S) cool; dew; vapor, fog
tuṣakara
(S) moon
tuṣakirṇa
(S) moon
tuṣapatana
(S) snowfall
tuṣarasmi
(S) moon
tuṣita
(S) heaven; dwelling place of Buddha
tuṣṭa
(S) glad; satisfied; relieved
tuṣṭacitta
(S) glad; satisfied; relieved
tuṣṭi
(S) satisfied; glad
tūs
1. descendant; tustus incarnation; descendant. 2. water, sticky plant sap; tustus to flow, to drip; katusan sprinkled; influenced
tuha
(tuhā) old; clever; expert; tuha juḍi gambler; tuha dagang merchant, retail trader; tuha buru hunter; tuha rawa fisherman; rāma tuha father-in-law; atuha old; oldest; wwang-atuha father; tinuha head(man), chief; tutuhan ancestor
tuhagaṇa
continuous(ly); orderly, regular; loyal, devoted; reverent; tuhagaṇan be protected
tuhan
master, leader, foreman; atuhan towards one's master

--- 255 ---

tuhu
1. indeed, really; reality; apituhu loyal, devoted; amituhu to carry out; to agree, to approve; tuhwa if it might be really so. 2. tutuhu a night bird
tuhuk
kris (dagger); knife; javelin; anuhuk to stab
tṛṇa
(S) grass
tṛṇatulya
(S) like grass
tṛṇānta
(S) point of a blade of grass
tṛṇawṛkṣa
(S) grass and trees
tṛṇasāra
(S) lawn, grass-plot, greensward
tṛṇodaka
(S) grass and water
tṛpta
(S) satisfied
tṛpti
(S) satisfied; glad; relieved
tṛṣṇa
(S) desire; passion; love; stuck to; to love
te
1. (S) you. 2. no, not
teka
that, those
tekang
that, those
tekān
that is the person who ..., that is the thing/matter which ...
tekana
that, those
tekakěn
that, those
teki
this, these
teking
this, these
tekin
this, these
tekihěn
this, these
tekung
this, these
teg
to jingle, jingling

--- 256 ---

tega
(S tyāga) priest, hermit; see tyāga
tengkek
tětengkek a bird
tengteng
to jingle, jingling
teja
(S tejas) shine, glow, light, radiance; to lighten, to shine; makateja to shine
tejapakṣa
(S) name of a group of priests
tejodwaya
(S) moon and sun
tejomaya
(S) to gleam, to sparkle, to shine, to lighten, to radiate; strong
tethila
(S taithila) a yoga, a type of meditation
tela
atelatela clearly visible
taila
(S) sesame oil; see tila
tok
palm wine; see tuak, twak
tokal
fish trap; poison
toktok
toktokan a kind of flower
tog
until the end; tinog interrogated; cross-examined
toṭaka
(S) moaning, lamentation, wailing
totor
manotor to peel, to scalp
totoh
tinotohakěn risked, staked; see toh (2)
ton
to see; panon face; view; look; eye; tinon be looked at
tomara
short javelin; spear, lance; silih tomara to stab each other with javelins
tomtom
tomtoman a bird
tombok
atombokan to box, to hit one another with the fists
toya
water

--- 257 ---

toyadhi
(S) sea
toyanata
(S) cloud
toyamārgga
(S) stream, current; to walk on the surface of the water
toyāhāra
(S) to live in the water
tor
ator 1. to surround, to go round; to serve. 2. to store up; to receive. 3. tinor turned round, overthrown
toraṇa
(S) gate
torasi(h)
righteous, upright; good, right; satorasi righteously, uprightly, honestly
toli(h)
to look round, to look at; anolih to look at; to mind, to care for, to notice; taman (tan) pamolih not to care for, not to mind; brave, courageous
towi
even; though; moreover; see towin, tuwi
towin
though; indeed; see towi, tuwi
towekṣa
(S anwekṣa) investigation; to look round, to look at
toh
1. come! please! hey! 2. atoh to stake, to bet, to risk; matotohan to bet, to stake
tyakta
(S) to leave
tyāga
(S) to leave; to forget; priest, hermit
tyāgapakṣa
(S) a kind of priest
tyāgī
(S tyāgin) a priest
tyalah
katyalahan hit, struck
trasungay
well; spring
trāsa
afraid of, to fear
trěng
beloved, dear, darling; inside, inner part

--- 258 ---

trěp
trěpan 1. a group of officials. 2. defeated
trěbis
a difficult climbing road; difficult to be approached/to be attained
tri
(S) 1. three. 2. atri to cry/yell loudly. 3. a fish
trikañcu
a tree (Bauhinia tomentosa)
trikāya
(S) the three powers, i.e., kāya, wāk, citta
trikāyaśuddhi
(S) purified by the three powers
trikāyika
(S) possessor of the three powers
trikāla
(S) the three times, i.e., the past, present and future; morning, noon and afternoon
trikalajña
(S) to know the three times
trikoṇa
(S) triangular
trikoṇākāra
(S) triangular
trigañca
(S) quick, fast, rapid; atrigañca to flow rapidly
trigartapati
(S) king of Trigarta
triguṇa
(S) the three elements: sattara, rajah, tamaḥ
trīṇi
(S) three; katrīṇi three; the third
tridaśa
(S) thirteen; thirteen gods
tridaśalaya
(S) place of the thirteen gods
tridiwa
(S) the third heaven
tridhātu
(S) a tricolored chain
trinayang
(S) the three-eyed god (Śiwa)
trinetra
(S) the three-eyed god (Śiwa)
tripakṣa
(S) the third religious school/trend; consisting of three parts

--- 259 ---

tripatha
(S) the three ways, the three worlds (heaven, earth and the underworld)
tripurāntakāgni
(S) Śiwa'a fire
tripurapura
(S) kingdom of Tripura; city of Tripura
tripurāri
(S) to enter Tripura (Śiwa)
tripuruṣa
(S) the three gods: Brahma, Wiṣṇu, Śiwa
tripuruṣapati
(S) king of the three heroes
tripradhāna
(S) the three vices: lobha, moha, mūrkka
tripramāṇa
(S) three (kinds of) measures
tribhāga
(S) one third
tribhuwana
(S) the three worlds
tribhuwanapati
(S) king of the three worls
tribhuwanarājya
(S) sovereignty over the three worlds
tribhuwaneśwara
(S) king of the three worlds
trimala
(S) the three sins: artha, kāma, śabda
triyak
(S tiryyak) animal, beast; see tiryak
trirājyadahana
(S) burner of the three worlds (Śiwa)
trirājyāntaka
(S) destroyer of the three worlds (Śiwa)
trirūpa
(S) the three figures/forms/appearances
triloka
(S) the three worlds
trilokaśaraṇa
(S) protector of the three worlds
trilokya
(S trailokya) see triloka
trilocana
(S) the three-eyed god (Śiwa)
triwangśa
(S) the three highest castes (brāhmana, kṣatriya, vaisya); see triwarṇṇa

--- 260 ---

triwanda
katriwandan overpowered, conquered, defeated
triwarga
(S) the three noble arts: dharma, kama, ārtha
triwarṇṇa
(S) the three highest castes
triwikrama
(S) incarnation of Wiṣṇu
triwikramapitā
(S) the father of Rama (an incarnation of Wiṣṇu), i.e., Daśaratha
triwiṣṭapa
(S) heaven
triśakti
(S) the three magic powers
triśika
(S triśikha) trident
triśūla
(S) see triśika
triśūlapati
(S) the god Śiwa
trisandhyā
(S) morning, noon, afternoon; anrisandhya to do one's prayers three times
trisamaya
(S) a group of three
trisamwatsara
(S) three years
trisura
(S) the three gods
trut
trumpet, trombone
trutuh
to drizzle
truh
drop, drip; dew; fog; katruhan hit by drops
traitā
(S) silver age; the second age
traitāyuga
(S) the second age
trailokya
(S) the three worlds
trailokyamaṇḍala
(S) circle of the three worlds
trailokyarājya
(S) sovereignty over the three worlds
tryakṣara
(S) the three holy syllables (hang, hung and mang, inplace of "om")

--- 261 ---

tryagni
(S) the three fires
tryantakaraṇa
(S) the three causes of death
tryambaka
(S) another name for Śiwa
tlěguk
katlěguk swallowed
tlěpug
makatlěpug to fall
tlěbuk
makatlěbuk to fall
tlěs
just stolen
tlěsik
tinělěsik destroyed
tlih
crop, gizzard
twa
1. (S) you. 2. mother's elder brother
twak
palm wine; see tuak, tok
twang
1. reverence, homage; solemnity; katwang honored, respected. 2. you; ah you!
twab
eructation, belching; atwab to eructate, belch
twaritagati
(S) to walk quickly; name of a verse meter
twas
1. heart; feeling; thought. 2. hard; atwas hard
twěk
(těwěk) knife; large knife; javelin, spear; matěwěk to stab with a knife; paněwěk stabbing instrument

TH

thāni
(tani) wet rice field; agriculture; inhabitant; soil, earth, ground; village; katanen dry arable land; agriculture; pathani laid out/sectioned fields; anak tani farmer; inhabitant; dusun tani inland
thāniwiṣaya
inland, interior

--- 262 ---

D

d
second person pronoun; see t
dak
and I, then I
dakṣa
(S) clever, capable; experienced
dakṣiṇa
(S) 1. south. 2. fee; salary (of a priest)
dakṣiṇāngguṣṭa
(S) right thumb
dakṣiṇālaya
(S) dwelling-place; name of a part of heaven
dakṣiṇeru
(S) right thigh
daga
andaga to contradict, to protest; to disobey, disobedient; to rebel, to rise against
dagang
adagang to trade, to sell
dagan
foot of bed
dagěl
daglakna ought of be thrown away
daging
meat
dagdha
(S) burnt; angdagdha to burn
dagdhikāra
(S) burning, combustion
dāgha
to desire
dang
earthen pot; padangan kitchen
dangan
adangan light (not heavy); easy
danganan
upper course, head, beginning; stem, handle, stalk
dangu
stem, handle, stall
dangū
in former times; ancient times
dangkal
brave, audacious, bold, valiant
dangdang
cooking pot

--- 263 ---

dangdāngan
a tree
dangṣṭrā
(S) tusk, canine tooth
dangṣṭṛākarāla
(S) to have tremendous tusks
dātawya
(S) gift, present, award; something to be given
dātyūha
(S) a hen
datta
(S) gift, present, award
dadak
angdadak suddenly, all of a sudden; to replace; to work quickly
dadar
adadar to show off oneself; to be proud of oneself; to appear, to rise
dadali
swallow (a bird)
dadi
to become, to take the form of; creature; continued; to rise, to appear; angdadi to become, to take the form of; born; to rise; to incarnate, to cause; tan dadi improper, indecent
dadu
dark chocolate color, dark brown; reddish
dadhi
(S) sour milk
dan
adan to prepare oneself, to make preparations; ready, prepared; angdani to order, to regulate; to begin; to devote oneself to, to strive after, to practice, to take trouble for, to organize; padan battle-array; pangdan as a consequence
dāna
(S) gift, present, award
dānapāramitā
(S) beneficial influence of philanthropy/charity
dānapuṇya
(S) beneficial influence of philanthropy/charity
dānawa
(S) giant, demon
dānawakanyā
(S) giantess, demonic girl
dānawarāja
(S) king of giants

--- 264 ---

dānawarājakanyā
(S) daughter of giant-king
dānaśūra
(S) philanthropy, charity
dāni
to come round, to sober up; to remember; to be aware of; mangdāni to come round, to sober up; see udhāni
danu
(S) name of the mother of the danawa
danta
1. (S) tooth; tusk; canine tooth. 2. white
dānta
soft
dantādantī
(S) fighting tooth-to-tooth
dantī
(S dantin) elephant
dapur
adapur to fight against
dapdap
dadap tree (Erythrina indica)
dabuja
(S) giant, demon
dama
love; adama to fall in love; andadama to spoil (a child); to desire, to crave for
damak
dinamakakěn to have; see děmak
damar
torch, lamp; angdamar like a lamp; padamaran torch, lamp
daměl
to make a mixture of some ingredients; to make; madaměl to make; padamölana will be tried/praticed/attempted; padamělakna will be carried out
damu
1. adamu to bathe; to wash; bañu damu wash water. 2. dumamwani to blow; see děmu
dampati
husband and wife; wife
dampul
andampul to steal rice
dambha
(S) deceit, trick, ruse; lie; stupidity
daya
1. (S hṛdaya) heart. 2. will be worked at, will be carried out, will be practiced, will be done

--- 265 ---

dayā
(S) pity
dāya
feeling; tool; furniture; what will be done; dinaya deceived; pinadaya deceived
dāyaka
(S) giver, donor; priest
dayitā
(S) beloved, darling, dear; wife; dayitamaya devoted to the beloved, to obey the beloved
dāra
(S) girl; woman; wife
daraṇa
(S) broken
daraway
adarawayan to flow, to stream
daridra
(S) poor; beggar; kadaridran poverty
darīmukha
(S) with a mouth like a cave
dāruṇarūpa
(S) awful, horrible
darppa
(S) excited, cheerful; proud; wild; ferocious; brave, courageous, valiant; naughty
darppaṇa
(S) mirror; madarppaṇa to look at oneself in a mirror
darppita
(S) brave, courageous, valiant; proud
darbe
adarbe to have, to possess
darbbha
(S) grass
daryya
1. (S hṛdaya) heart; feature, quality; character. 2. (S dharyya) to eat; to suffer; to keep, to preserve; assistant, helper
daryyata
(S dhairyyatā) decision; resoluteness; perseverance
daryas
an owl
darwa
(S) spoon
darwak
(pair of) scissors
darśana
(S) 1. jambu fruit. 2. example, pattern; road, way; makadarśana to imitate, take as example

--- 266 ---

darśanaphala
jambu fruit
darśaya
(S) beautiful
darśapūrṇamāsa
(S) full moon; worship at the full moon
darśajiṭṛ
(S) guide, scout
dala
1. (S) leaf. 2. dinala peeled
dalakar
kadalakaran open; free
dalañcang
headcloth made of tree bark
dalan
carriage; madalan to go/walk along
dalame
andalame to gossip, to chatter
dalāṣṭa
favorite pursuit, fad, hobby
dalah
and; (in) addition (to)
dalěm
1. deep. 2. blunted, truncated. 3. entrenchment. 4. palace
dalin
an official
dalima
(S daḍima) pomegranate; dumalima like a pomegranate
dalih
andalih to pretend; to suspect, to conjecture; to accuse; madalihan to do as if, to pretend
dalu
1. past; too late; very, extreme. 2. andālu to commit suicide. 3. night
dalugdag
banners
dalupak
onomatopoeia
dalumuk
kadalumukan to collide with one another, to strike against each other
dalurung
kadalurung gone too far, extravagant
daluwang
tree bark; headcloth; cloth of tree bark; adaluwang to wear a headcloth of tree bark; see dalañcang

--- 267 ---

dawā
adawā long
dāwa
(S) forest, woods
dāwāgni
(S) burnt forest, burnt wood
dawatā
(S) boundary, border; edge, rim, side; dadawatā during, as long as
dāwānala
(S) forest fire
dawut
pull; angdawut to pull, to draw; to dress one's hair, to do up one's hair, to tidy up, to put ing order; to clean; see dahut
daśa
(S) ten
dāśa
(S) fisherman; sailor
daśaguṇa
(S) tenfold; angdaśaguṇa to multiply by ten, to increase tenfold
daśagrīwa
(S) the ten-throated one, i.e., Rāwana
daśataya
(S) tenfold
daśadik
(S) ten points of the compass
daśadiśi
(S) ten directions
daśadeśa
(S) everywhere; in all holes and corners
daśadeśadewata
(S) gods of the ten points of the compass
daśadharma
(S) the ten good qualities; the ten beneficial influences
daśanana
(S) the ten-headed one, i.e., Rāwana
daśabhūta
to become a slave; kadaśabhutan service of slaves, loyalty of slaves
daśamāla
awful/horrible shadow
daśamī
(S) the tenth one
daśamukha
(S) the ten-headed one, i.e., Rāwana

--- 268 ---

daśarathātmaja
(S) son of Daśaratha
daśalokapālaka
(S) gods of the ten points of the compass
daśawaktra
(S) the ten-mouthed one, i.e., Rāwana
daśawarṣa
(S) ten years
daśaśīrṣa
(S) the ten-headed one, i.e., Rāwana
daśaśila
(S) the ten beneficial influences; ten lines of action; ten lines of conduct
daśāsya
(S) the ten-mouthed one, i.e., Rāwana
daśaswāmī
(S) priest, hermit
daśendriya
(S) the ten senses
dās
madās one of the eleven evil deeds
dāsa
(S) slave; angdāsa to serve
dāsadāsī
(S) male and female slaves
dāsī
(S) female slave
dāsīkrama
(S) behavior of a female slave
dāsībhūta
(S) to become a female slave
dasyu
(S) enemy; robber
daha
(S dāha) fire; victim; dadaha fire material, firewood; kadaha burnt
dahat
very, extrem; dahatěn very
dāhan
dināhan prepared
dahana
(S) fire
dahara
(S) 1. small; gentle, soft, delicate; supple. 2. rat
dahut
pull, to pull; see dawut
děkung
knee; mangděkung to beat with one's knees

--- 269 ---

děngki
jealous, envious
děděg
high; saděděg as high as a man
děděr
aděděr straight; to rise vertically
děděl
angděděl to push (aside), to urge; to force, to break open, to break through
dědö
adědö to stamp one's feet
děmak
1. gift, present, award; receipt; term; fee, wage; děmakana ought to be given a wage. 2. angděmak to hold, to seize, to catch; to attack; to ambush, to ambuscade
děmöng
aděmöng black
děmu
diněmwan blown (by the wind); see damu
děrěs
(drěs) rapid; quick; close together; maděrěs rapid; hard (rain)
dělěg
1. a large river fish; dumělěg like a dělěg fish. 2. padlěgan name of a group of people in an old Javanese story. 3. angdělěg to whirl round, to turn round, to rotate
dělěng
tan padělěng without seeing; see děling
dělěs
1. a grey-colored snake. 2. contents
dělö
angdělö to see; to open; dumělö to shine, to gleam, to sparkle; dinělö visible, seen; kapadělön, kapadělěn attacked from the front
děling
to open one's eyes; duměling to see, to look at; to open
dělit
fate
děha
asiděha to sit while leaning on one's hands; maděha to press, to push; to oppress, to suppress; mangděha to push with one's hands; to keep, to grow, to cultivate; kadöha oppressed, suppressed; teased, vexed; driven away
děhak
diněhak pushed; see děha

--- 270 ---

döh
madöh to drive away, to defeat
dīkṣā
(S) initiation of new pupils
digantara
(S) strange country; foreign country
digantarāla
(S) sky, firmament, space
diggaja
(S) young elephants
diggajendra
(S) young elephant as a king
digjaya
(S) supernaturally talented; strong
digdāha
(S) world-fire
digdeśa
(S) place; direction; firmament, sky, space
digdeśāntara
(S) another direction; firmament, sky, space
digmaṇḍala
(S) atmosphere, air, firmament
digwijaya
(S) victory over the world; kadigwijayan victory
digwidig
(S) direction; point of the compass
digwideśa
(S) place; area, region, district; a far place
dingaryan
(dingaren) strange, odd, queer; wonderful
dingmukha
(S) place; point of the compass
didi
1. alone; he (himself). 2. didinya in order to
dina
(S) day; pamilang dina compensation
dīna
(S) low, mean, humble; pitiable; dumina to disdain, to humiliate
dinakara
(S) sun; see diwākara, diwangkara
dinakaratanaya
(S) son of the sun
dinakaramaṇi
(S) jewel of the sun; like the sun
dinakarasama
(S) like the sun

--- 271 ---

dinakarasuta
(S) son of the sun
dīnacitta
(S) sad, distressed, sorrowful
dīnārtta
(S) pitiful and miserable
dīpa
(S) lamp; torch; angdīpana ought to lighten or illuminate; in order to lighten/illuminate
dipak
(S dwipa) elephant
dīpaka
(S) to illuminate, to lighten; light, clear, bright
dīpayat
(S) to flame, to blaze, to burn; light, clear, bright
dīpta
(S) ray, shine, glow, light, radiance
dīptānala
(S) blazing fire
dibya
(S diwya) splended, beautiful; supernaturally gifted/talented; pleasant; noble; amazing; beneficial influence; kadibyan skill, capability; beauty; nobility; superiority
dibyaguṇ
(S diwyaguṇa) to have noble qualities
dibyacakṣus
(S diwyacakṣuḥ) clear-sighted; supernaturally sighted
dibyajāti
(S diwyajāti) descendant of god
dibyaratnopama
(S) like a sparkling jewel
dibyarūpa
(S diwyarūpa) very beautiful; very splendid
dibyaśakti
(S diwyaśakti) supernaturally gifted
dīrghāyu
(S) to live long
dīrghāyuṣa
(S) to live long
dīrghāyus
(S) to live long
dilat
adilat to lick
dilah
flame, glow, shine, light, radiance; dumilah to flame, to blaze, to burn, to radiate, lighten

--- 272 ---

dilěng
squinting, squint-eyed
dilěm
a plant
diwākara
(S) sun; see dinakara
diwangkara
sun
diwasa
(S) moment, instant; day; time; hour; date; adiwasa to stop; padiwasā stop!
diwasānta
(S) night
diwasāśrī
(S) sun
diwasasamaya
(S) the promised day
diwahara
(S dewāhāra) to summon god; padiwaharan place for summoning god, i.e., temple
diwyāngśāwatāra
(S) incarnation of god's descendant
diwyacakṣuḥ
(S) clear-sighted
diwyacitta
(S) very glad
diwyasāyaka
(S) divine arrow
diwyāstra
(S) divine weapon, heavenly weapon
dihyang
adihyang to die
1. corner. 2. to spit
dūk
1. angduk to stab; to strike; to hit; kaduk extreme, extraordinary. 2. when, at the moment; see dug
dukut
grass; dukutěn overgrown with grass
dukūla
(S) silk belt; adukūla to wear a silk belt
dukduk
javelin, spear
dug
1. time, moment. 2. very, extreme
duga
duga-duga frankly, openly; right; upright, straight

--- 273 ---

dugang
angdugang to kick
dungul
1. kadungulan to submit, to obey. 2. dungulan name of a wuku
dungkap
andungkap to reach, to attain
dunghil
eel
dunghus
dot, stain
dūta
(S) emissary, messenger; spy; address; andutani to investigate, to watch
dūtācāra
(S) to have someone survey an area; andūtācāra who is sent as a spy
dudū
fault, mistake; other; like; difference; dudū tang moreover, not only; adudwan to differ; madudwan various; dumudwakěn separated one from the other; dudūng expect (for)
dudug
to rise to; to reach; to penetrate, to soak
dudut
pull; adudut to pull, to draw; angdudut to depart; to start
dudul
dumudul to stab; to push, to urge
dunung
aim, goal, purpose, end; place; mangdunungakěn to go to; dumunung to live; padunungan (dwelling-) place
dūm
task; function; part; adūm to part; madūm to cause; madūm deśa to go in various directions
dumana
our part may be
dumung
a snake (the Java cobra)
dumeh
cause, reason; to cause; dumehan reason
dūra
(S) far; aduduran to stand far away; duran how; whatsoever
durācāra
(S) criminal, miscreant; kadurācāran criminality, crime; wicked deed, evil deed
durātmā
(S) 1. bad conduct. 2. giant, demon

--- 274 ---

dūratmaka
(S) criminal, miscreant
dūradarśana
(S) ability to see far and to see mysterious things
durādarśī
(S dūradarśin) to see mysterious things
dūrāntara
quite impossible
duray
a kind of fruit
durawasāna
(S) to have a bad result; to come to a bad end
durug
angdurugi to follow
durung
not yet
durus
very; extreme, extraordinary, exceeding
durgga
(S) difficult to be passed, difficult to walk through; difficulty, trouble; entrenchment; pinakadurgga to be/become a load or burden
durggati
(S) danger
durggandha
(S) to smell bad; kadurggandhan bad smell, stink
durggama
(S) difficult to pass; difficult; hard; strong
durggrāhya
(S) difficult to understand; difficult to defeat
durjjana
(S) miscreant, criminal; wicked, bad, criminal, evil
durjjaya
(S) difficult to defeat
durdānta
(S) untamable; indomitable
durdura
(S) toad, frog
durnaya
(S) bad conduct, evil behavior; improper; inexperienced
durnīti
(S) not wise; not tactful; not tactical

--- 275 ---

durniwārya
(S) difficult to prevent or avert
durbbala
(S) powerless, impotent, at a loss; fainted, unconscious; bad army; in danger; weakness; weak
durbhāga
(S durbhaga) poor, miserable; unlucky
durbhikṣa
(S) famine
durmanggala
(S) bad omen; unlucky
durmedha
(S) stupid, silly; kadurmedhan stupidity, ignorance
duryaśa
(S duryaśas) shame, blame; shaming, to shame
durlakṣana
(S) bad omen; kadurlakṣaṇan bad name/reputation
durlakṣmī
(S) unlucky; poor, miserable
durlaga
pinakadurlaga difficult to resist; difficult to abolish
durlabha
(S) difficult to acquire; difficulty; loss, damage
durwaktra
(S) another name for Ganeśa
durwiweka
(S) stupid, silly
durwyasana
(S) crime, wickedness, criminality; fault, shame, blot; kadurwyasanan evil/bad/wicked deed
durśīla
(S duhśīla) bad conduct; wicked behavior; andurśīlani to do wicked/evil things
dulang
andulang to put food into the mouth of another with one's hand
dulěk
dulěkěn stab!
dulög
hate, to hate; suspicious; andulěg to suspect
dulit
madulit lime seller
dulu
andulu to see
dulur
friend; adulur together; to gather, to meet;

--- 276 ---

with; and; adulu-dulur to accompany; sadulur all accompanying elements
dūwa
1. a kind of flower. 2. with; kadūwān in connection with
duwěg
1. the proper time; the right time; duwěgan young coconut fruit. 2. expert; smith. 3. moment. 4. must; to be time to; it is the right time to. 5. away with (him, it, etc.) be damned. 6. come! please!
duwěl
dinuwěl torn off
duśśila
(S duḥśīla) wicked, evil, bad
duṣa
(S doṣa) miduṣa will do wicked things
duṣana
(S) stain, shame; loss; fault, blot; want, lack, shortage; kaduṣanana molested, tyrannized, ill-treated
duṣkara
(S) difficult to carry out; difficult to defeat
duṣkulina
(S) of low birth
duṣkṛta
(S) sin; crime; criminal, miscreant; bad luck
duṣkṛti
(S) wicked/evil deed; calamity, disaster; bad luck
duṣṭa
(S) criminal, miscreant; wicked, evil, bad, sinful
duṣṭakarmma
(S) crime, sin, wickedness, badness, criminality; criminal, miscreant
duṣṭacitta
(S) criminal, miscreant, evildoer, malefactor
duṣṭatāpasī
(S) evil female hermit
duṣṭanāginī
(S) evil female snake
duṣṭabuddhi
(S) evil-hearted
duṣṭara
(S) cannot be stopped, cannot be kept

--- 277 ---

duh
water; plant sap; milk, oil; angduhi to add oil
duhět
a tree (ḍuwět tree)
duhi
a kind of fruit
duhitā
(S) daughter; girl
duhitāmatṛ
(S) daughter and mother
duhilatěn
to lick; see dilat
duhung
mangduhungakěn to wound; to stab with a kris (dagger); kaduhung wounded with a kris
duhun
(ḍuhun) former(ly); see ruhun
duḥka
(S duḥka) sadness, sorrow; disaster, calamity; sick of sadness/sorrow; duhkāntara sad, sadness
duḥkakāla
(S duḥkhakāla) time of sufferings
duḥkaduḥkatā
(S duḥkhaduḥkhatā) sufferings from sadness
duḥkāntaśalya
(S duḥkhāntaśalya) sufferings which oppress one's feelings; oppresive sufferings
duḥkabhāra
(S duḥkhabhāra) deep distress; great sufferings
duḥkārṇṇawa
(S duḥkhārṇṇawa) ocean of sufferings
duḥkita
(S duḥkhita) sad, distressed, sorrowful; miserable
duḥkṛta
(S) wicked deed, evil deed; see duṣkṛta
dṛk
(S dṛś) view, sight, glance; dinṛk seen, visible
dṛdha
(S) strong; enormous, tremendous; very; loyal; tight; intimate; desire, craving (for)
dṛdhabhakti
(S) very loyal
dṛdhawrata
(S) strong in ascetic practice
dṛbya
(S drawya) thing; property; see dṛwya, drabya

--- 278 ---

dṛwya
(S) thing; property; madṛwya to own, to have; owner, proprietor; umadṛwyakěn to have right to
dṛśa
(S) sight, glance, view; figure, appearance
dṛśya
(S) visible; beautiful
dṛśyādṛśya
(S) 1. one moment visible, another moment invisible. 2. tossing up and down
dṛṣṭa
(S) seen
dṛṣṭānta
(S) example; pattern; comparison; sacred formula
dṛṣṭi
(S) 1. eye; view, panorama. 2. two
dṛṣṭiwiṣa
(S) wicked eye; to have a bad intention
dṛṣṭopama
(S) like someone who is looking; as if watched by somebody
de
deed, action; matter; cause; way; angde intention; by; of; against, toward; to cause, to raise; sadenya let it; better (to) ...; all right; sadenyan ta because; deni because; de sang ṛṣi maluy because the hermit returned
dede
other, to differ
den
ought to be; must be
deni
by; for; see de and ni
dening
by; because
denyāt
in order that you ...
denyān
because
deya
what will be done; makadeya-deya because of an evil plan
dera
because (of); by
dewa
(S) god
dewaṛṣi
(S) hermit living together with the gods

--- 279 ---

dewakanyā
(S) nymph
dewakanyakā
(S) nymph
dewakārya
(S) ceremony for the gods
dewaki
(S) Kṛṣṇa's mother
dewakinnara
(S) heavenly musician
dewākṛti
(S) to have a body like a god; like a god's body
dewagaṇa
(S) group of gods; the gods
dewāgama
(S) consultation of the gods
dewagiri
(S) mountain of the gods
dewagupta
(S) protected by the gods
dewaguru
(S) teacher of the gods; kadewagurwan temple
dewagṛha
(S) temple; palace
dewāngga
(S) light red cloth
dewāngganā
(S) nymph
dewāngśa
(S) god's incarnation
dewāngśaka
(S) god's incarnation
dewāngśuka
white silk
dewatā
(S) 1. god. 2. late, deceased
dewatākṛti
(S) to have a divine appearance; to look like a god
dewatāngśa
(S) incarnation of the gods
dewatātulya
(S) like a god; similar to a god
dewatātmaka
(S) to have the qualities of a god; see dewātmaka
dewatādi
(S) the gods (and all the rest)

--- 280 ---

dewatāpsaragaṇa
(S) a group of gods and nymphs
dewatārupa
(S) to look like a god
dewatī
(S) nymph
dewatṛpti
(S) satisfaction of the gods; to satisfy the gods
dewātmaka
(S) to have the qualities of a god; kadewātmakan happiness
dewadāru
(S) a pine tree (Pinus deodara)
dewadūta
(S) messengers of the gods
dewadaitya
(S) gods and demons
dewapūjā
(S) prayer
dewaputra
(S) son of god
dewabrata
(S dewawrata) 1. vow to god; loyal or obidient to god. 2. another name for Bhisma
dewamanyu
(S) abundance coming from god
dewamaya
(S) like a god; similar to a god
dewamūrtti
(S) incarnation of a god
dewayakṣāsura
(S) gods, yaksas and demons
dewāyatana
(S) dwelling-place of the gods
dewayātrā
(S) procession with holy paintings
dewayāna
(S) heavenly roads
dewara
(S) 1. younger brother/sister of one's brother-in-law. 2. darling, beloved, dear; husband
dewaratha
(S) carriage of the gods
dewaraja
(S) another name for Indra
dewālaya
(S) heaven; dwelling-place of gods; temple

--- 281 ---

dewalingga
(S) god's image
dewaloka
(S) dwelling-place of gods
dewawaktra
(S) mouths of gods
dewaweśma
(S) temple
dewaśatru
(S) enemy of gods; demon, giant
dewaśabda
(S) voice of gods
dewāśraya
(S) a request for help from the gods
dewāsurasanggha
(S) a group of gods and demons
dewasma
(S) property of god
dewāhāra
(S) request to the gods; padewāhāran temple; madewāhāra-hāran to request assistance from the gods repeatedly
dewī
(S) 1. nymph; goddess. 2. king's daughter; wife; darling, beloved, dear
deweśwara
(S) king of the gods; another name for Śiwa
dewotsawa
(S) feast of the gods
dewopakāra
(S) a prayer made by a god; benefit or present from a god
deśa
(S) place; direction; area, region, country, district, village; square
deśadṛṣṭa
(S deśadṛṣṭam) what is considered traditional in a country
deśanā
(S) indication, information; lesson; mangdeśanākěn to teach, to instruct
deśāntara
(S) another place
deśabhanggabhaya
(S) danger of destruction of a land/area
deśalābha
(S) to get a piece of land
deśawarṇṇana
(S) picture of a country; description

--- 282 ---

of a region
deha
(S) body; adeha śuddhi to have a holy body
dehārddha
(S) Śiwa and Parwatī united in one image/statue
daitya
(S) demon, giant
daityarūpa
(S) to have the appearance of a demon or giant
daityawān
(S) to have the qualities of a demon/giant
daiwa
(S daiwan) fate
dok
an owl
doja
(S dhwaja) flag, banner
dodot
robes of state, court dress; see dwadwat
don
cause; reason; intention; meaning; purpose, goal; angdon to go to; to attack; makadon intended; to mean; dumon to attack; dondon purpose, goal, aim, end
dopara
(S dwāpara) impossible; deceit, lie; doubt, hesitation
doyan
to like, to be fond of
doron
better
dol
dumol to sell; see dwal
dolā
(S) to rock, to swing; uneasy, worried; to totter, tottering
dolāyamānacitta
(S) to hesitate, doubtful
dolyamāna
(S) to hesitate, doubtful
doṣa
(S) fault, defect, shame, blot; transgression, trespass, mistake; criminality, crime; punishment; sin; makadoṣa to sin
doṣajña
(S) to know the fault/defect/sin/blot

--- 283 ---

doh
distance; far; adoh far; angdoh to go further from; to keep far away
dohitra
(S dauhitra) grandchild
dyah
1. king's daughter or son; girl; adyah young girl; angdyahi to marry. 2. feminine weakness
dyūta
(S) gambling
dyūtaṇita
(S dyūtapaṇita) gambling
dyūtabañcana
(S) cheating in games
dyun
earthen water barrel; earthen cooking pot; angdyun potter; dinyun made of pottery
dyus
adyus to bathe
dyota
(S) ray, radiance; shine, light, gleam; kadyota lighted, illuminated
drāk
(S) then; soon; as quickly as possible
drākṣa
(S) grape; wine; an alcocholic drink
drabya
(S drawya) property; riches, wealth, treasures
drawa
(S) to flow; melted; to overflow; to stream; drawā will break, will explode
drawya
(S) see drabya
drěng
angdrěng to push, to urge
drutawilambita
(S) name of a verse meter (fast and slow)
druhaka
(S drohaka) to disobey; disobedient; godless, sinful; disdain, humiliation; sly, cunning; treason, betrayal; see drohaka
droṇa
(S) cauldron
drohaka
(S) betrayal, treason; cunning, sly; criminal, miscreant
drohakamitra
(S) to betray one's own friend

--- 284 ---

drohī
(S drohin) betrayal, treason
dlāha
(dělāha) in the future; afterwards; at the end; in the end, finally
dwā
1. a lie; adwā ambiguous; astray; wrong; unreliable, untrustworthy. 2. tandwa soon, directly; afterwards, later on
dwādaśa
(S) twelve
dwādaśāditya
(S) the twelve Adityas
dwādaśāra
(S) with twelve fingers
dwādaśawarṣa
(S) twelve years
dwādaśaśata
(S) one hundred and twelve
dwādaśī
(S) the twelfth day from the middle of the month
dwadwat
see dodot
dwadwal
delicacy made of glutinous rice-meal
dwandwa
(S) 1. couple. 2. opponent, adversary; a hand-to-hand fight; adwandwa to confront, to face one another
dwandwan
a moment, an instant, just
dwandwayuddha
(S) hand-to-hand fight
dwāpara
(S) 1. the third age. 2. a lie
dway
adway finished
dwaya
(S) two; twofold; a set, a couple; angdwaya two kinds of people
dwāra
(S) door, gate
dwārādhyakṣa
(S) temple guard
dwārapāla
(S) porter, doorkeeper
dwal
adwal 1. to sell. 2. rotten

--- 285 ---

dwāwingśat
(S dwāwiṃśati) twenty-two
dwi
(S) two
dwī
wing
dwicandra
(S) two moons
dwija
(S) hermit, priest; brāhmaṇa (the twice-born)
dwijāngśa
(S) brāhmaṇa (the twice-born)
dwijāti
(S) twice-born (people of the highest caste)
dwijawara
(S) excellent priest
dwijasūnu
(S) son of a priest
dwitīya
(S) second
dwīpa
(S) island
dwipāngga
(S) elephant
dwipāntara
(S) other island
dwipāyana
(S) another name for Byāsa
dwirada
(S) elephant
dwirepha
(S) a beetle
dwiwara
(S) the week consisting of two days
dwiṣṭa
(S) middle
dweṣa
(S) hate, rancor; enmity; dumweṣa to have a grudge against

DH

dhā
(S dharaṇa) a weight of 2/5 karṣa (a kind of weight)
dhāga
(S) to want; will; intended
dhātā
(S dhātar) Creator; see dhātṛ

--- 286 ---

dhātu
(S) element; material, stuff; minerals; adhātu like minerals
dhātutulya
(S) like minerals
dhāturāga
(S) color of minerals
dhātṛ
(S dhātar) creator; see dhātā
dhātṛdewī
(S) wife of the creator
dhana
(S) money; tax; fortune; goods, property, possessions
dhanada
(S) giver of goods/property; another name for Kuwera
dhanadabrata
(S) loyalty to Kuwera
dhanādipa
(S) king of riches; another name for Kuwera
dhanādhyakṣa
(S) keeper of riches; another name for Kuwera
dhanapa
(S) another name for Kuwera
dhanapati
(S) another name for Kuwera
dhanapara
(S) longing for property
dhanapāla
(S) another name for Kuwera
dhanamada
(S) proud of property
dhanawitaraṇa
(S) distribution of possessions
dhanika
(S) wealthy person; wealthy
dhaniṣṭhā
(S) 1. exceedingly rich. 2. name of a star
dhanu
(S) 1. bow; arrow. 2. shore, coast; island
dhanurgraha
(S) soldier armed with bow and arrow
dhanuradhara
(S) soldier armed with bow and arrow
dhanudharaśāstra
(S) knowledge of the use of bow and arrow

--- 287 ---

dhanurweda
(S) skill in the use of bow and arrow; madhanurweda to train in shooting with bow and arrow
dhanuḥ
(S) bow
dhanendra
(S) another name for Kuwera
dhaneśwara
(S) another name for Kuwera; kadhaneśwaran riches, wealth
dhāraka
(S) permanent, stable; tough; persevering, steadfast; ready to help, willing to help
dhāraṇa
(S) to have, to possess; to keep, to stop; concentration; adhāraṇa to carry; dhumāraṇa to help, to assist; to protect
dhāraṇā
(S) patient
dhāraṇī
(S) earth
dharmma
(S) 1. law; right; task; obligation; merit, service; pious deed; duty. 2. hermitage; temple, mausoleum; guesthouse; andharmma to prepare a corpse for burial. 3. to adopt, adoption; sānak dharmma adopted brother/sister; makadharmma kurip father
dharmmakāñcana
(S) science of making gold
dharmmakāryādhika
(S) very pious deed
dharmmakuśala
(S) pious, devout, god-fearing
dharmmajñāna
(S) knowledge of obligations; to know one's duty
dharmmatulā
(S) consideration of justice; judgement
dharmmadeśanā
(S) science of good conduct; adharmmadeśanā to teach virtue, to teach goodness
dharmmādhyakṣa
(S) surveyor of holy temples; officer of religious affairs; president of the high court
dharmmapatnī
(S) legal wife; queen
dharmmaparāyaṇa
(S) pious, devout, god-fearing

--- 288 ---

dharmmaputra
(S) 1. adopted child. 2. son of the god Dharmma; another name for Yudiṣṭhira
dharmmabuddhi
(S) just, fair, impartial; impartial and righteous
dharmmamūla
(S) scource of justice
dharmmayukti
(S) justice; uprightness, righteousness
dharmmayuddha
(S) a fair war (according to code)
dharmmārthakāma
(S) right; property, possession; desire
dharmmawighana
(S) to destroy justice; to transgress against what is right, to violate the right
dharmmaśāatra
(S) religious books
dharmmasatyaśrīnggara
(S) ornament symbolizing piety and devotion
dharmmasīma
(S) free country; untaxed region
dharmmasūnu
(S) son of the god Dharmma
dharmmika
(S) devotion to justice; task and obligation
dharmmuṣṭa
(S dharmmiṣṭha) very devout/pious/god-fearing
dharmmeṣṭi
very devout/pious/god-fearing; kadharmmeṣṭan beneficial influence; loyalty to dharmma
dharmmottama
(S) code of justice most appropriate to each class of society
dharmmopapati
(S) prime minister
dhāryya
(S) really, truly, in earnest, thoroughly
dhawala
(S) white
dhawalāngśuka
(S) white cloth
dhawalottarīya
(S) to wear white cloth

--- 289 ---

dhik
(S) fie! bah!; scolding, snarl; angdhik to scold, to snarl
dhikkāra
(S) disdain, humiliation; warning, remark; dhumikkāra to prevent, to avoid; to reject, to refuse
dhīra
(S) brave, courageous, valiant; firm, permanent, constant, definite; loyal, faithful
dhīratara
(S) more courageous
dhirabrata
(S) constant in one's meditation
dhirottsaha
(S) earnest attempt; steadfast and industrious
dhīḥ
(S) 1. thought; feeling. 2. trick, ruse
dhūta
(S) vexed; disturbed
dhūpa
(S) incense; benzoin
dhūma
(S) smoke, vapor, steam, fume
dhūmaketu
(S) another name for Agni (god of fire)
dhumānarawata
with continuous smoke
dhūra
(S) a certain group of people
dhurandhara
(S) leader, foreman
dhūrtta
(S) sly, cunning; wicked, evil; miscreant, criminal
dhūli
(S) dust
dhṛti
(S) firm, constant, definite; steadfast, resolute; will; hard, fast; mangdhṛti to hold fast, to hold tightly; to attack
dhṛticitta
(S) firm, resolute, steady, persevering
dhairyya
(S) firmness, resoluteness, perseverance; wise conduct; insight, understanding; courage; steadiness
dhota
(S dhauta) white

--- 290 ---

dhoraṇa
(S) elephant tamer
dhyāna
(S) meditation
dhyāyī
(S dhyāyin) to meditate
dhwaja
(S) banner, flag
dhwajāgra
(S) highest extreme point of a banner
dhwajataṇḍa
(S) signal banner
dhwajāḥṛta
(S) defeated one; loser; angdhwajāḥṛta to win; to be the winner
dhwani
(S) voice; sound
dhwas
(S dhwasta) destroyed; abolished

N

n
tird person pronoun: he, she, it
so, such; then; thus; namely; nang like that
naka
(S nakha) nail
nakāgra
(S nakhāgra) point of a nail
nakāngkita
(S nakhāngkita) marked with a nail
nakabraṇa
(S nakhabraṇa) wounded by a nail
nakulā
(S) female mongoose (Mungos ichneumon)
nakṣatra
(S) star; a group of stars
nāga
(S) snake; dragon; elephant; manāga full of snakes
nāgakanyā
(S) daughter of a dragon or snake
nāgakusuma
(S) nagasari flower; see nāgapuṣpa
nagāgra
(S) mountain top; peak of a mountain
nāgata
(S anāgata) next, coming; afraid of;

--- 291 ---

to fear for; anxious, worried; manāgata afraid of, to fear for
nāgadanta
(S) tusk, canine tooth
nāgapaśa
(S) lasso (snare in the form of a snake, Indrajit's weapon)
nāgapuṣpa
(S) nagasari flower
nāgabhumi
(S) kingdom of snakes
nagara
(S) town, city, capital; country; palace; kingdom
nāgarāja
(S) king of dragons/snakes
nāgarajana
(S) inhabitant of a city
nāgaradwara
(S) city gate
nāgarūpa
(S) with the appearance of a snake
nāgaloka
(S) world of snakes
nāgasamūha
(S) group of snakes
nāginī
(S) female snake
nāginīkanyā
(S) daughter of a snake; snake-girl
nāgendra
(S) king of snakes
nagna
(S) naked, nude; naked/nude Buddhist monk
nagnā
(S) pre-pubescent girl
nagnikā
(S) pre-pubescent girl
nagnikṛ
(S) naked Jaina monk
nangka
nangka tree (Artocarpus integrifolia)
nangkěn
every; each; sanangkěn repeatedly, again and again; every time
nāṭa
(S) actor, player; dancer
nāṭaka
(S) actor, player

--- 292 ---

nāṭakagiṇa
(S nāṭakaguṇa) player's behavior, actor's character
nāṭanarttakīprakāra
(S) particulars of male and female players
nāṭi
(S) female player; actress; female dancer
nāṭya
(S) dance, performance, show
nāḍī
(S) 1. a letter. 2. artery; blood vessel
natar
(S) 1. yard; square; plain. 2. anatar be put in order; regulated, regular
natgata
afraid, to fear; horrible, awful; see nagata
nātha
(S) protector; king; helper, rescuer; help, aid, assistance
nāthaja
(S) royal class; of royal birth
nāthabrata
a bracelet
nāthī
upright, righteous, honest, fair
nāda
(S) 1. tone, note; sound, voice. 2. river
nadī
(S) river
nadītata
(S) river bank
nadītara
(S) to cross a river
naditīra
(S) river bank
nadīna
(S) ocean, sea; Waruna (the sea-god)
nadīndra
(S) goddess of river
nadīpati
(S) king of river; ocean
nadīpukha
(S) river mouth
nadipūra
(S) overflowing river
nadīśa
(S) sea, ocean
nādhoraṇa
(S) to make a noise, throw into commotion

--- 293 ---

nān
so, such a; such that, like that
nanā
1. destroyed, damaged; ruined, spoiled; wounded; ananā to torture, to injure, to wound; to destroy, to abolish. 2. (S) mother
nānā
(S) various, many
nānāprakāra
(S) various matters
nānāwidha
(S) various, different; several
nānāwidhākāra
(S) several forms; various shapes
nanah
ulcer, pus
nānāwarṇṇa
(S) multicolored
nantěn
such a, so, like that, such that; already; sure, certain; see nāhan
nanda
(S) 1. glad; gladness. 2. son
nandaka
(S) bull
nandana
(S) son; see nanda
nandanopawanādi
(S) forest Nandana
nandi
(S) another name for Wiṣṇu or Śiwa
nandin
(S) 1. one who gives gladness. 2. the mount of Śiwa
nandinī
(S) daughter; another name of the goddess Durggā; the mount of Śiwa
nandiwardhana
(S) 1. to increase happiness. 2. son
naparīkṣa
(S) without investigation; without examination
napungsaka
(S) eunuch; hermaphrodite; castrated person
napungsakalingga
(S) of hermaphrodite type
nabha
(S nabhah) firmament, sky; cloud

--- 294 ---

nabhastala
(S) firmament, sky; heaven
nabhastalamaya
(S) consisting of fog or clouds
nābhi
(S) center; anābhi to concentrate on, to have as a center
nabhya
(S) clouded; foggy
nāma
(S nāman) name
namaskāra
(S) worship
namaskṛta
(S) named; inaugurated, installed
namu
(namū) praise, eulogy, recommendations; namu-namu atmosphere with wavy appearance because of the heat of the sun
namuk
mosquito
namostu
(S) praise, uelogy, recommendations
namblas
sixteen
nāmya
(S) to bow, to bend, to stoop; anāmya to pay homage; to honor by making a bow
naya
(S) guidance; leader, foreman; wise conduct; understanding, tact, insight; attitude; behavior, doings; manaya-naya meddling, interference, intervention; to meddle, to interfere; tan wruh i naya tactless, improper
nayaka
(S) leader, foreman; special, best; oldest
nayana
eye; jewel; a kind of jewel; anayana precious stone; kanayana visible
nayapangkaja
(S) a lotus
nayawit
(S) experienced; expert
nayanggita
(S) wise conduct and attitude; understanding and tact
nayopaya
insight and effort
nayopadya
(S) that which is in accordance with

--- 295 ---

insight and what is prohibited; conduct, behavior, doings
nara
(S) man, husband; hero
nāra
(S) atmosphere
naraka
(S) hell; evil, wicked, sinful; bad, good-for-nothing; suffering
narakapāla
(S) man's head; hell-keeper
narakaripu
(S) another name for Kṛṣṇa
narakastha
(S) in hell
nārāca
(S) an arrow
nārācabhallaśara
(S) various (kinds of) arrows
nāracāstra
(S) an arrow
narādhipa
(S) king
narādhipati
(S) king
naranātha
(S) king
naranāthadewi
(S) queen
narapati
(S) king
narapatipatnī
(S) queen
narapatisuta
(S) king's son
narapwan
in order to, in order that; see marapwan
narabhakṣaka
(S) man-eater
naramāngsa
(S naramāṃsa) human flesh
nārāyaṇāngśa
(S) incarnation of Wiṣṇu
narāyya
(S) king
narawaṇḍu
guest
narawara
(S) chosen hero; most excellent hero

--- 296 ---

narawṛtta
(S) rumors
narasingha
(S) another name for Wiṣṇu
narī
(S) woman
narīśwarī
(S) queen
narihyang
(S) Śiwa as Arddha
narendra
(S) king
narendragharinī
(S) queen
narendrātmaja
(S) king's son
narendratmaya
(S) king's son
narendrādhipa
king
narendrānujā
(S) younger sister of the queen
narendraputra
(S) king's son
narendraputrī
(S) king's daughter
narendramahisī
queen
narendrasuta
(S) king's son
nareśwarātmā
(S) king's soul
narttakī
(S) female dancer
narttakīgṛha
(S) home of female dancer
narttana
(S) dance; manarttana to dance
narmmadānadī
(S) the river Narmmadā
naryyama
(S) supreme commander
nala
(S anala) fire
nāla
(S) trunk (of a tree); stem; stalk; sinew, muscle; heart
nālikā
(S) period of twenty-four minutes; moment, instant; sanālikā a moment; just; soon

--- 297 ---

nālikira
(S nālikera) coconut
nawagraha
(S) nine planets; name of a textile with a flower motif
nawacandra
(S) nine moons
nawadwāra
(S) nine holes
nawamālinī
(S) name of a verse rhythm
nawamī
(S) ninth
nawaratna
(S) nine jewels
nawawaktra
(S) nine faces
nawawīdha
(S) nine-fold
naṣṭa
(S) gone, to disappear; rotten
nāsā
(S) nose; see nāsikā
nasi
rice
nāsikā
(S) nose
nastapa
see manastāpa
nāstika
(S) unbeliever; infidel
nāhan
so, such a, such like, like that; see nantěn; nāhan ta such a one; nāhan tang wṛkṣa look at that tree
něk
aněkněk sad, distressed, sorrowful
někět
aněkět to advise, to remind of; to show; maněkět wise person; piněkět prohibition
něněh
saněněh all; what one has; anything, everything
něp
close together, packed
něbněb
angněbněb to pant, panting
něm
six
nöt
aněnötakěn to pause, to rest

--- 298 ---

nöb
resoluteness, steadfastness; manöb resolute, steadfast
ni
genitive particle: of
nikā
genitive form of ikā
nikang
genitive form of ikang
nikaṭa
(S) close by; close to; near by; near to
nikān
nika + an
nikana
genitive form of ikana
nikanang
genitive form of ikanang
niki
genitive form of iki
niking
genitive form of iking
nikihěn
see niki
niku
genitive form of iku
nike
genitive form of ike
nikeng
genitive form of ikeng
niketama
(S) house, home
nigraha
(S) fine; cash penalty
ning
see ni
nīca
(S) low, mean, humble; of low grade
nicagati
(S) to commit a contemptible deed
nicajanma
(S) of low birth; humble/mean/low person
nicahā
(S anicahā) hate; to hate
nita
(S paṇita) bet; gambling; anita to gamble; to bet, to stake; manita-nitan to form a pair, married
nitala
(S) hell

--- 299 ---

nīti
(S) behavior, conduct; insight, understanding, tact; constitution, form of government; manīti to consult; tactful, tactical, judicious, sagacious
nītijña
(S) intelligent and sagacious
nītimān
(S) intelligent and sagacious
nitya
(S) continuous(ly); incessant(ly)
nityakarmma
(S) compulsory prayer; prayers which must be done at fixed times
nityakāla
(S) any time; any moment; at all times; always
nityaśa
(S nityaśaḥ) continuous, incessant
nityasari
(S nityasarin) continuously delirious
nityasewaka
(S) always devoted/loyal/faithful to
nityahotri
(S) compulsory offerings/sacrifices
nidrā
(S) to sleep
nidhāna
(S) to keep, to treasure up, to preserve; storage, storehouse; property, possessions
nini
girl; a form of address for a young woman; unmarried woman; kaninyan woman
nindā
(S) warning, reprimand; disdain, humiliation; to blame, to disapprove, to find fault with
nindanīya
ought to be blamed, ought to be disapproved
nindita
(S) disapproved; blamed; reprimanded, rebuked
nindya
(S) reprimanded, rebuked
nipis
manipis thin
nipuna
(S) clever, skillful; expert; experienced
nibiḍa
(S) thick; strong; hard
nibha
(S) to look like; like; similar to

--- 300 ---

nibhṛti
(S) loyalty; secret; solitude, silence
nimitta
(S) cause, reason; sign, mark; makanimitta because (of)
nimna
(S) deep; meaningful
nimnagā
(S) river
nimnapati
(S) sea, ocean
nimnasuta
(S) another name for Bhīṣma
niyaga
paniyaga newcomer; replacement
niyata
(S) clear, bright; obvious; sure,certain
niyama
(S) compulsory; obligation, pressure, compulsion; promise; (self-) discipline
niyuta
(S) million
nir
(S) gone, disappeared; no, not
nira
genetive form of sira
nīra
(S) water
nirākāra
(S) bodiless; formless
nirākula
(S) clear, bright; calm, quiet
nirakṣara
(S) without letters; without an alphabet
nirāgama
(S) improper, indecent; in a forbidden way
nirāgraha
(S) not to stick to anything
nirang
nira + ng
nirangkuśa
(S) improper, indecent
nirācāra
(S) without custom and tradition; bad/evil/sinful behavior
nirājñanī
(S) another name for Saraswatī
niratiśaya
(S) highest, supreme

--- 301 ---

nirātma
(S) dead
nirātmaka
(S) heavenly enjoyment, heavenly comfort
nirātmaya
(S) death; signs of death
nīrada
(S) cloud
nirādara
(S) improper, indecent
nirān
nira + an
nirantaka
(S) immortal, undying, deathless
nirantara
(S) continuous, incessant
nirapekṣa
(S) not to mind; indifferent, apathetic
nirāmaya
(S) healthy, healthful
nirāmiṣa
(S) with no flesh, without flesh
nirayapada
(S) hell
nirāyuddha
(S) unarmed
nirār
nira + ar
nirartha
(S) purposeless, aimless
nirarthaka
(S) not useful; good-for-nothing; vain
nirālambana
(S) without help/assistance
nirāwādha
(S) small, little; unhampered; without troubles; innocent, faultless; to be unmistaken
nirāwādhaka
(S nirābādhaka) invulnerable
nirāwaraṇa
(S) open; anirāwaraṇa clear, bright, pure
nirawaśeṣa
(S) without remainder; to the last one
nirāśraya
(S) witout protection; unprotected; powerless, impotent
nirāśrayayati
(S) powerless hermit
nirastu
(S) vow, solemn promise; oath

--- 302 ---

nirāhāra
(S) to fast
niriti
(S niṛti) god of death
nirukti
(S) 1. meditation; cause; information, explanation; name; truth. 2. orderly, in order
niruttara
(S) to have no answer; not to know how to answer
nirutsāha
(S) powerless, impotent
nirupadrawa
(S) safe; unhampered; undisturbed
nirupekṣa
(S) indifferent; apathetic; not sad; not distressed
nīroga
(S) healthy, healthful; see nirroga
nirosadha
(S nirausadha) incurable
nirgiṇa
(S nirguṇa) trifle; small; useless, of no use
nirguṇa
(S) trifle; small; useless, of no use
nirgrāhaka
(S) to have no passions, passionless
nirghaṇa
(S) unclouded
nirghṛna
(S) cruel, cruelty
nirghoṣaṇa
(S) secretly, stealthily; soundlessly
nirjahara
(S nirjhara) rapids; waterfall
nirdon
useless; of no use; aimless, purposeless
nirdoṣa
(S) innocent; faultless; without sin, without guilt
nirdhūma
(S) smokeless; steamless
nirbāṇa
(S nirwāṇa) heaven; deliverance, rescue, redemption
nirbyāpara
(S nirwyāpāra) without doing anything
nirbyamoha
(S nirwyāmoha) without drunkenness

--- 303 ---

nirbhagna
(S) not successful, not to succeed
nirbhāgya
(S) bad luck, unlucky; unhappy
nirbhaya
(S) not afraid, not fearing
nirmāṇa
(S) not afraid, not fearing
nirmala
(S) pure, clean; holy, sacred, immaculate; stainless; clear; silent, still, lonely
nirmalajñāna
(S) clearly aware, very conscious
nirmalaswabhāwa
(S) to have a pure/clean character
nirmukta
(S) free, redeemed; redemption
nirmoda
charitable; philanthropist
nirroga
(S) healthful, healthy
nirlajja
(S) unashamed, impudent, insolent, impertinent
nirwwa
useless, of no use; impotent, powerless
nirwādhaka
(S) without resistance, without opposition
nirwāpita
(S) extinguished, dimmed
nirwastu
gone, disappeared; to disappear
nirwikāra
(S) without change, unchanged; without injury, unharmed
nirwighna
(S) undisturbed
nirwighnāstu
(S nirwighnam astu) that there be no hindrance
nirwighnatā
(S) to goon undisturbed
nirwīja
(S) not to produce seed
nirwiwakṣa
(S) unknown; silly, stupid; ignorant
nirwiweka
(S) imprudent, incautious
nirwiṣaya
(S) free from worldly passions

--- 304 ---

nirwismaya
(S) not astonished, not amazed
nīla
(S) dark blue, sapphire blue
nīlakaṇṭha
(S) another name for Śiwa
nīlākāra
(S) of dark blue color; dark blue
nīlānggu
(S) a kind of insect
nīlāngśuka
(S) dark blue
nīlajalada
(S) black cloud
nīlapakṣi
(S nīlapakṣin) a blue bird
nīlāmbara
(S) blue clothes
nīlalohita
(S) another name for Śiwa
nīlawarṇṇa
(S) blue colored
nīlasaroya
(S) blue lotus
nīlotpala
(S) blue lotus
nīlotpaladala
(S) leaf of the blue lotus
nīlotpalasari
(S) blue lotus
niwandha
(S nibandha) cause, reason
niwāryya
(S) to refuse, to reject; to resist
niwāsana
(S) a cloth
niwedya
(S naiwedya) a sacrifice, an offering; niniwedya used as a sacrifice/offering
niweśa
(S) home
niśakara
(S) moon
niśāprahara
(S) night watchman
niśācara
(S) evil spirit; ghost
nīśala
(S wiśāla) to gleam, to sparkle, to glitter

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niśita
(S) sharp; poisonous
niśitāstra
(S) sharp arrow
niśitha
(S) night; midnight
niścaya
(S) sure, certain; obvious, clear; convinced; proof
niścala
(S) immovable; permanent, fixed, firm, constant; unchangeable
niścetana
(S) fainted, swooned, unconscious
niśwāsa
(S) to breathe; breath
niśśabda
(S) silent; voiceless
niśśaraṇa
(S niḥśaraṇa) helpless; powerless, impotent
niśśetana
(S niḥśetana) immovable
niśśeṣa
(S niḥśeṣa) without remainder; whole; all
niśśreyaśrīra
(S) to have an invisible body
niśśreyasa
(S niḥśreyaṣa) there is no better one; the best
niṣkapti
(S) passionless
niṣkāraṇa
(S) without reason; aimless, purposeless
niṣkaruṇawadana
(S) to utter sharp words; to scold
niṣkārya
(S) purposeless, aimless
niṣkala
(S) invisible; inseparable
niṣkalangka
(S) stainless
niṣkalajāti
(S) the hereafter
niṣkriga
(S) without work; without ceremony
niṣkṣatriya
(S) without knights, without warriors
niṣṭura
(S niṣṭhura) hard; rough; rugged; cruel; evil, wicked; conceited

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niṣṭuṣṭa
(S) powerless, impotent
niṣprakyampya
(S) immovable; not trembling
niṣprapañcajñāna
(S) consciousness of equality
niṣphala
(S) not to succeed, to fail, unsuccessful
nis
anis to go stealthily/secretly; to disappear
niskāra
sapaniskāra all, the whole
nistāya
though, however
nistṛṣna
(S) cruel
nisteja
(S) not gleaming, not sparkling; powerless, impotent
nisparigraha
(S niṣparigraha) unattained, not reached
nispramāṇā
(S niṣpramāṇa) to have no evidence of property
nisprāya
(S niṣprāya) nearly dead
nisprayojana
(S niṣprayojana) purposeless, aimless
nispriya
(S niḥspṛha) to have no mind, to have no desire
nismara
without love, without pity; pitiless
nismṛti
at one's wit's end, to forget
nissangśaya
(S niḥsaṃśaya) sure, certain
nissandeha
(S niḥsandeha) without doubt, doubtless
nissāra
(S niḥsara) powerless, impotent, desperate
nissahāya
(S niḥsahāya) friendless
nisswabhāwa
(S niḥswabhāwa) to have no personality
nih
anih powerless, impotent; dissapeared, gone; dead
nihata
(S) killed

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nihan
this, like this
nuam
manuam young; see nwam
nugraha
(S anugraha) gift, present, award
nuntěn
anuntěn to point at, in the direction of, to steer for, to go up to, to make for
nūsa
island
nūsāntara
other island
nusāntari
other island
nṛtta
(S) dance; to dance
nṛttaśālā
(S) hall for dancing; dance-hall
nṛpa
(S) king; see nṛpati
nṛpatanaya
(S) king's son; see nṛpatiputra
nṛpati
(S) king; see nṛpa
nṛpatiputra
(S) king's son
nṛpatisuta
(S) king's son
nṛpāmaja
(S) king's son
nṛpaduhitā
(S) king's daughter; see nṛpaputrī
nṛpaputra
(S) king's son
nṛpaputrī
(S) king's daughter
nṛpaputrikā
(S) king's daugther
nṛpasuta
(S) king's son
nṛpawadhū
(S) queen
nek
amanek to climb, to ascend
neka
(S naika) many, much; various, several, different
nekatula
(S naikatula) match, competition

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nekaprakāra
(S naikaprakāra) to have various qualities/features
netra
(S) eye; sakit netra, lara netra to fall in love
netrawiṣaya
(S) something to please/satisfy the eyes
naiyāyiladarśana
(S) a mystic movement in India; a kind of dialectics
naiyāyikādi
(S) a kind of dialectics (and all the rest)
nairiti
(S) northwest
nairṛtāstra
(S) a giant arrow
naiwedya
(S) sacrifice
nopura
(S nūpura) foot-bracelet, ankle-ring
nora
not, no; there is no
nohan
good luck; happiness; very glad
nta
genetive form of kita
ntoh
also, too; see toh
nda
(ndā) then; and; but; further; afterwards, later on
ndak
nda + k
ndātak
nda + tak
ndātag
nda + tag
ndatatīta
pass it! leave it!
ndatan
no, not
ndatar
no, not
ndatīa
leave it! stop it!
ndan
but; then; now; and

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ndah
well! hey!
ndi
where, which; see ndya
nduk
formerly; (at the) moment; instant
ndug
moment, instant; see nduk
ndya
where might it be (ndi + a)
nya
his, her, its, their
nyā
this, like this; see nihan
nyak
introductory word of a sentence
nyagrodha
(S) banyan tree (beringin, Ficus benjamina)
nyang
see nyā; this
nyat
nya + t
nyad
nya + d
nyan
nya + an
nyapan
ni + apan
nyama
for; for the sake of; that
nyāya
(S) rule, regulation, order; manner, way; thought
nyār
nya + ar
nyāsa
1. (S) preserved, saved up, kept; storehouse, storage. 2. building, hall. 3. to pretend; sanyāsa like, as if
nyu
rough form of nta (q.v.)
nyū
coconut
nyūgaḍing
dwarf-coconut tree
nwam
anwam young; child

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